SEC. 3003. ENGLISH LANGUAGE ACQUISITION, LANGUAGE ENHANCEMENT, AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT

 

 

Section Summary

 


ESSA Update

(a) Purposes.--Section 3102 (20 U.S.C. 6812) is amended to read as
follows:
``SEC. 3102. PURPOSES.

    ``The purposes of this part are--
            ``(1) to help ensure that English learners, including
        immigrant children and youth, attain English proficiency and
        develop high levels of academic achievement in English;
            ``(2) to assist all English learners, including immigrant
        children and youth, to achieve at high levels in academic
        subjects so that all English learners can meet the same
        challenging State academic standards that all children are
        expected to meet;
            ``(3) to assist teachers (including preschool teachers), 
        principals and other school leaders, State educational agencies, 
        local educational agencies, and schools in establishing, 
        implementing, and sustaining effective language instruction
        educational programs designed to assist in teaching English
        learners, including immigrant children and youth;
            ``(4) to assist teachers (including preschool teachers), 
        principals and other school leaders, State educational agencies, 
        and local educational agencies to develop and enhance their
        capacity to provide effective instructional programs designed to
        prepare English learners, including immigrant children and
        youth, to enter all-English instructional settings; and
            ``(5) to promote parental, family, and community
        participation in language instruction educational programs for
        the parents, families, and communities of English learners.''.

    (b) Formula Grants to States.--Section 3111 (20 U.S.C. 6821) is
amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraphs (A) 
                through (D) and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) Establishing and implementing, with timely and
                meaningful consultation with local educational agencies
                representing the geographic diversity of the State, 
                standardized statewide entrance and exit procedures, 
                including a requirement that all students who may be
                English learners are assessed for such status within 30
                days of enrollment in a school in the State.
                    ``(B) Providing effective teacher and principal
                preparation, effective professional development
                activities, and other effective activities related to
                the education of English learners, which may include
                assisting teachers, principals, and other educators in--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1955]]

                          ``(i) meeting State and local certification
                      and licensing requirements for teaching English
                      learners; and
                          ``(ii) improving teaching skills in meeting
                      the diverse needs of English learners, including
                      how to implement effective programs and curricula
                      on teaching English learners.
                    ``(C) Planning, evaluation, administration, and
                interagency coordination related to the subgrants
                referred to in paragraph (1).
                    ``(D) Providing technical assistance and other forms
                of assistance to eligible entities that are receiving
                subgrants from a State educational agency under this
                subpart, including assistance in--
                          ``(i) identifying and implementing effective
                      language instruction educational programs and
                      curricula for teaching English learners;
                          ``(ii) helping English learners meet the same
                      challenging State academic standards that all
                      children are expected to meet;
                          ``(iii) identifying or developing, and
                      implementing, measures of English proficiency; and
                          ``(iv) strengthening and increasing parent, 
                      family, and community engagement in programs that
                      serve English learners.
                    ``(E) Providing recognition, which may include
                providing financial awards, to recipients of subgrants
                under section 3115 that have significantly improved the
                achievement and progress of English learners in
                meeting--
                          ``(i) the State-designed long-term goals
                      established under section 1111(c)(4)(A)(ii), 
                      including measurements of interim progress towards
                      meeting such goals, based on the State's English
                      language proficiency assessment under section
                      1111(b)(2)(G); and
                          ``(ii) the challenging State academic
                      standards.'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) in the paragraph heading, by striking
                      ``Administrative'' and inserting ``Direct
                      administrative'';
                          (ii) by striking ``60 percent'' and inserting
                      ``50 percent''; and
                          (iii) by inserting ``direct'' before
                      ``administrative costs''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
                      by striking ``section 3001(a)'' and inserting
                      ``section 3001'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``and'' 
                      after the semicolon;
                          (iii) by striking subparagraph (C) and
                      inserting the following:
                    ``(C) 6.5 percent of such amount for national
                activities under sections 3131 and 3202, except that not
                more than $2,000,000 of such amount may be reserved for
                the National Clearinghouse for English Language
                Acquisition and Language Instruction Educational
                Programs described in section 3202.''; and
                          (iv) by striking subparagraph (D);

[[Page 129 STAT. 1956]]

                    (B) by striking paragraphs (2) and (4);
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2);
                    (D) in paragraph (2)(A), as redesignated by
                subparagraph (C)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding clause (i), by
                      striking ``section 3001(a)'' and inserting
                      ``section 3001'';
                          (ii) in clause (i), by striking ``limited
                      English proficient'' and all that follows through
                      ``States; and'' and inserting ``English learners
                      in the State bears to the number of English
                      learners in all States, as determined in
                      accordance with paragraph (3)(A); and''; and
                          (iii) in clause (ii), by inserting ``, as
                      determined in accordance with paragraph (3)(B)'' 
                      before the period at the end; and
                    (E) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Use of data for determinations.--In making State
        allotments under paragraph (2) for each fiscal year, the
        Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) determine the number of English learners in a
                State and in all States, using the most accurate, up-to-
                date data, which shall be--
                          ``(i) data available from the American
                      Community Survey conducted by the Department of
                      Commerce, which may be multiyear estimates;
                          ``(ii) the number of students being assessed
                      for English language proficiency, based on the
                      State's English language proficiency assessment
                      under section 1111(b)(2)(G), which may be
                      multiyear estimates; or
                          ``(iii) a combination of data available under
                      clauses (i) and (ii); and
                    ``(B) determine the number of immigrant children and
                youth in the State and in all States based only on data
                available from the American Community Survey conducted
                by the Department of Commerce, which may be multiyear
                estimates.''.

    (c) Native American and Alaska Native Children in School.--Section
3112(a) (20 U.S.C. 6822(a)) is amended by striking ``Bureau of Indian
Affairs'' each place the term appears and inserting ``Bureau of Indian
Education''.
    (d) State and Specially Qualified Agency Plans.--Section 3113 (20
U.S.C. 6823) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``, in such manner, and
        containing such information'' and inserting ``and in such
        manner'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``making'' and
                inserting ``awarding''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraphs (2) through (6) and
                inserting the following:
            ``(2) describe how the agency will establish and implement, 
        with timely and meaningful consultation with local educational
        agencies representing the geographic diversity of the State, 
        standardized, statewide entrance and exit procedures, including
        an assurance that all students who may be English learners are
        assessed for such status within 30 days of enrollment in a
        school in the State;
            ``(3) provide an assurance that--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1957]]

                    ``(A) the agency will ensure that eligible entities
                receiving a subgrant under this subpart comply with the
                requirement in section 1111(b)(2)(B)(ix) regarding
                assessment of English learners in English;
                    ``(B) the agency will ensure that eligible entities
                receiving a subgrant under this subpart annually assess
                the English proficiency of all English learners
                participating in a program funded under this subpart, 
                consistent with section 1111(b)(2)(G);
                    ``(C) in awarding subgrants under section 3114, the
                agency will address the needs of school systems of all
                sizes and in all geographic areas, including school
                systems with rural and urban schools;
                    ``(D) subgrants to eligible entities under section
                3114(d)(1) will be of sufficient size and scope to allow
                such entities to carry out effective language
                instruction educational programs for English learners;
                    ``(E) the agency will require an eligible entity
                receiving a subgrant under this subpart to use the
                subgrant in ways that will build such recipient's
                capacity to continue to offer effective language
                instruction educational programs that assist English
                learners in meeting challenging State academic
                standards;
                    ``(F) the agency will monitor each eligible entity
                receiving a subgrant under this subpart for compliance
                with applicable Federal fiscal requirements; and
                    ``(G) the plan has been developed in consultation
                with local educational agencies, teachers, 
                administrators of programs implemented under this
                subpart, parents of English learners, and other relevant
                stakeholders;
            ``(4) describe how the agency will coordinate its programs
        and activities under this subpart with other programs and
        activities under this Act and other Acts, as appropriate;
            ``(5) describe how each eligible entity will be given the
        flexibility to teach English learners--
                    ``(A) using a high-quality, effective language
                instruction curriculum for teaching English learners; 
                and
                    ``(B) in the manner the eligible entity determines
                to be the most effective;
            ``(6) describe how the agency will assist eligible entities
        in meeting--
                    ``(A) the State-designed long-term goals established
                under section 1111(c)(4)(A)(ii), including measurements
                of interim progress towards meeting such goals, based on
                the State's English language proficiency assessment
                under section 1111(b)(2)(G); and
                    ``(B) the challenging State academic standards;
            ``(7) describe how the agency will meet the unique needs of
        children and youth in the State being served through the
        reservation of funds under section 3114(d); and
            ``(8) describe--
                    ``(A) how the agency will monitor the progress of
                each eligible entity receiving a subgrant under this
                subpart in helping English learners achieve English
                proficiency; and
                    ``(B) the steps the agency will take to further
                assist eligible entities if the strategies funded under
                this subpart

[[Page 129 STAT. 1958]]

                are not effective, such as providing technical
                assistance and modifying such strategies.'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``this part'' each
                place the term appears and inserting ``this subpart''; 
                and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ``this part'' 
                and inserting ``this subpart'';
            (4) in subsection (e), by striking ``section 9302'' and
        inserting ``section 8302''; and
            (5) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) by inserting ``by the State'' after ``if
                requested''; and
                    (B) by striking ``, objectives,''.

    (e) Within-State Allocations.--Section 3114 (20 U.S.C. 6824) is
amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:

    ``(a) In General.--After making the reservation required under
subsection (d)(1), each State educational agency receiving a grant under
section 3111(c)(2) shall award subgrants for a fiscal year by allocating
in a timely manner to each eligible entity in the State having a plan
approved under section 3116 an amount that bears the same relationship
to the amount received under the grant and remaining after making such
reservation as the population of English learners in schools served by
the eligible entity bears to the population of English learners in
schools served by all eligible entities in the State.''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)(1)--
                    (A) by striking ``section 3111(c)(3)'' and inserting
                ``section 3111(c)(2)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``preceding the fiscal year''.

    (f) Subgrants to Eligible Entities.--Section 3115 (20 U.S.C. 6825) 
is amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 3115. SUBGRANTS TO ELIGIBLE ENTITIES.

    ``(a) Purposes of Subgrants.--A State educational agency may make a
subgrant to an eligible entity from funds received by the agency under
this subpart only if the entity agrees to expend the funds to improve
the education of English learners by assisting the children to learn
English and meet the challenging State academic standards. In carrying
out activities with such funds, the eligible entity shall use effective
approaches and methodologies for teaching English learners and immigrant
children and youth for the following purposes:
            ``(1) Developing and implementing new language instruction
        educational programs and academic content instructional programs
        for English learners and immigrant children and youth, including
        early childhood education programs, elementary school programs, 
        and secondary school programs.
            ``(2) Carrying out highly focused, innovative, locally
        designed activities to expand or enhance existing language
        instruction educational programs and academic content
        instructional programs for English learners and immigrant
        children and youth.
            ``(3) Implementing, within an individual school, schoolwide
        programs for restructuring, reforming, and upgrading all
        relevant programs, activities, and operations relating to
        language

[[Page 129 STAT. 1959]]

        instruction educational programs and academic content
        instruction for English learners and immigrant children and
        youth.
            ``(4) Implementing, within the entire jurisdiction of a
        local educational agency, agencywide programs for restructuring, 
        reforming, and upgrading all relevant programs, activities, and
        operations relating to language instruction educational programs
        and academic content instruction for English learners and
        immigrant children and youth.

    ``(b) Direct Administrative Expenses.--Each eligible entity
receiving funds under section 3114(a) for a fiscal year may use not more
than 2 percent of such funds for the cost of administering this subpart.
    ``(c) Required Subgrantee Activities.--An eligible entity receiving
funds under section 3114(a) shall use the funds--
            ``(1) to increase the English language proficiency of
        English learners by providing effective language instruction
        educational programs that meet the needs of English learners and
        demonstrate success in increasing--
                    ``(A) English language proficiency; and
                    ``(B) student academic achievement;
            ``(2) to provide effective professional development to
        classroom teachers (including teachers in classroom settings
        that are not the settings of language instruction educational
        programs), principals and other school leaders, administrators, 
        and other school or community-based organizational personnel, 
        that is--
                    ``(A) designed to improve the instruction and
                assessment of English learners;
                    ``(B) designed to enhance the ability of such
                teachers, principals, and other school leaders to
                understand and implement curricula, assessment practices
                and measures, and instructional strategies for English
                learners;
                    ``(C) effective in increasing children's English
                language proficiency or substantially increasing the
                subject matter knowledge, teaching knowledge, and
                teaching skills of such teachers; and
                    ``(D) of sufficient intensity and duration (which
                shall not include activities such as 1-day or short-term
                workshops and conferences) to have a positive and
                lasting impact on the teachers' performance in the
                classroom, except that this subparagraph shall not apply
                to an activity that is one component of a long-term, 
                comprehensive professional development plan established
                by a teacher and the teacher's supervisor based on an
                assessment of the needs of the teacher, the supervisor, 
                the students of the teacher, and any local educational
                agency employing the teacher, as appropriate; and
            ``(3) to provide and implement other effective activities
        and strategies that enhance or supplement language instruction
        educational programs for English learners, which--
                    ``(A) shall include parent, family, and community
                engagement activities; and
                    ``(B) may include strategies that serve to
                coordinate and align related programs.

    ``(d) Authorized Subgrantee Activities.--Subject to subsection (c), 
an eligible entity receiving funds under section 3114(a)

[[Page 129 STAT. 1960]]

may use the funds to achieve any of the purposes described in subsection
(a) by undertaking 1 or more of the following activities:
            ``(1) Upgrading program objectives and effective
        instructional strategies.
            ``(2) Improving the instructional program for English
        learners by identifying, acquiring, and upgrading curricula, 
        instructional materials, educational software, and assessment
        procedures.
            ``(3) Providing to English learners--
                    ``(A) tutorials and academic or career and technical
                education; and
                    ``(B) intensified instruction, which may include
                materials in a language that the student can understand, 
                interpreters, and translators.
            ``(4) Developing and implementing effective preschool, 
        elementary school, or secondary school language instruction
        educational programs that are coordinated with other relevant
        programs and services.
            ``(5) Improving the English language proficiency and
        academic achievement of English learners.
            ``(6) Providing community participation programs, family
        literacy services, and parent and family outreach and training
        activities to English learners and their families--
                    ``(A) to improve the English language skills of
                English learners; and
                    ``(B) to assist parents and families in helping
                their children to improve their academic achievement and
                becoming active participants in the education of their
                children.
            ``(7) Improving the instruction of English learners, which
        may include English learners with a disability, by providing
        for--
                    ``(A) the acquisition or development of educational
                technology or instructional materials;
                    ``(B) access to, and participation in, electronic
                networks for materials, training, and communication; and
                    ``(C) incorporation of the resources described in
                subparagraphs (A) and (B) into curricula and programs, 
                such as those funded under this subpart.
            ``(8) Offering early college high school or dual or
        concurrent enrollment programs or courses designed to help
        English learners achieve success in postsecondary education.
            ``(9) Carrying out other activities that are consistent with
        the purposes of this section.

    ``(e) Activities by Agencies Experiencing Substantial Increases in
Immigrant Children and Youth.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity receiving funds under
        section 3114(d)(1) shall use the funds to pay for activities
        that provide enhanced instructional opportunities for immigrant
        children and youth, which may include--
                    ``(A) family literacy, parent and family outreach, 
                and training activities designed to assist parents and
                families to become active participants in the education
                of their children;
                    ``(B) recruitment of, and support for, personnel, 
                including teachers and paraprofessionals who have been

[[Page 129 STAT. 1961]]

                specifically trained, or are being trained, to provide
                services to immigrant children and youth;
                    ``(C) provision of tutorials, mentoring, and
                academic or career counseling for immigrant children and
                youth;
                    ``(D) identification, development, and acquisition
                of curricular materials, educational software, and
                technologies to be used in the program carried out with
                awarded funds;
                    ``(E) basic instructional services that are directly
                attributable to the presence of immigrant children and
                youth in the local educational agency involved, 
                including the payment of costs of providing additional
                classroom supplies, costs of transportation, or such
                other costs as are directly attributable to such
                additional basic instructional services;
                    ``(F) other instructional services that are designed
                to assist immigrant children and youth to achieve in
                elementary schools and secondary schools in the United
                States, such as programs of introduction to the
                educational system and civics education; and
                    ``(G) activities, coordinated with community-based
                organizations, institutions of higher education, private
                sector entities, or other entities with expertise in
                working with immigrants, to assist parents and families
                of immigrant children and youth by offering
                comprehensive community services.
            ``(2) Duration of subgrants.--The duration of a subgrant
        made by a State educational agency under section 3114(d)(1) 
        shall be determined by the agency in its discretion.

    ``(f) Selection of Method of Instruction.--
            ``(1) In general.--To receive a subgrant from a State
        educational agency under this subpart, an eligible entity shall
        select one or more methods or forms of effective instruction to
        be used in the programs and activities undertaken by the entity
        to assist English learners to attain English language
        proficiency and meet challenging State academic standards.
            ``(2) Consistency.--The selection described in paragraph (1) 
        shall be consistent with sections 3124 through 3126.

    ``(g) Supplement, Not Supplant.--Federal funds made available under
this subpart shall be used so as to supplement the level of Federal, 
State, and local public funds that, in the absence of such availability, 
would have been expended for programs for English learners and immigrant
children and youth and in no case to supplant such Federal, State, and
local public funds.''.
    (g) Local Plans.--Section 3116 (20 U.S.C. 6826) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking paragraphs (1) through
        (6) and inserting the following:
            ``(1) describe the effective programs and activities, 
        including language instruction educational programs, proposed to
        be developed, implemented, and administered under the subgrant
        that will help English learners increase their English language
        proficiency and meet the challenging State academic standards;
            ``(2) describe how the eligible entity will ensure that
        elementary schools and secondary schools receiving funds under
        this subpart assist English learners in--
                    ``(A) achieving English proficiency based on the
                State's English language proficiency assessment under
                section 1111(b)(2)(G), consistent with the State's long-
                term goals, as described in section 1111(c)(4)(A)(ii); 
                and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1962]]

                    ``(B) meeting the challenging State academic
                standards;
            ``(3) describe how the eligible entity will promote parent, 
        family, and community engagement in the education of English
        learners;
            ``(4) contain assurances that--
                    ``(A) each local educational agency that is included
                in the eligible entity is complying with section 1112(e) 
                prior to, and throughout, each school year as of the
                date of application;
                    ``(B) the eligible entity is not in violation of any
                State law, including State constitutional law, regarding
                the education of English learners, consistent with
                sections 3125 and 3126;
                    ``(C) the eligible entity consulted with teachers, 
                researchers, school administrators, parents and family
                members, community members, public or private entities, 
                and institutions of higher education, in developing and
                implementing such plan; and
                    ``(D) the eligible entity will, if applicable, 
                coordinate activities and share relevant data under the
                plan with local Head Start and Early Head Start
                agencies, including migrant and seasonal Head Start
                agencies, and other early childhood education
                providers.'';
            (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``limited English
        proficient children'' and inserting ``English learners''; and
            (3) by striking subsection (d).

    (h) Reporting.--Section 3121 (20 U.S.C. 6841) is amended to read as
follows:
``SEC. 3121. REPORTING.

    ``(a) In General.--Each eligible entity that receives a subgrant
from a State educational agency under subpart 1 shall provide such
agency, at the conclusion of every second fiscal year during which the
subgrant is received, with a report, in a form prescribed by the agency, 
on the activities conducted and children served under such subpart that
includes--
            ``(1) a description of the programs and activities conducted
        by the entity with funds received under subpart 1 during the 2
        immediately preceding fiscal years, which shall include a
        description of how such programs and activities supplemented
        programs funded primarily with State or local funds;
            ``(2) the number and percentage of English learners in the
        programs and activities who are making progress toward achieving
        English language proficiency, as described in section
        1111(c)(4)(A)(ii), in the aggregate and disaggregated, at a
        minimum, by English learners with a disability;
            ``(3) the number and percentage of English learners in the
        programs and activities attaining English language proficiency
        based on State English language proficiency standards
        established under section 1111(b)(1)(G) by the end of each
        school year, as determined by the State's English language
        proficiency assessment under section 1111(b)(2)(G);
            ``(4) the number and percentage of English learners who exit
        the language instruction educational programs based on their
        attainment of English language proficiency;
            ``(5) the number and percentage of English learners meeting
        challenging State academic standards for each of the 4 years

[[Page 129 STAT. 1963]]

        after such children are no longer receiving services under this
        part, in the aggregate and disaggregated, at a minimum, by
        English learners with a disability;
            ``(6) the number and percentage of English learners who have
        not attained English language proficiency within 5 years of
        initial classification as an English learner and first
        enrollment in the local educational agency; and
            ``(7) any other information that the State educational
        agency may require.

    ``(b) Use of Report.--A report provided by an eligible entity under
subsection (a) shall be used by the entity and the State educational
agency for improvement of programs and activities under this part.
    ``(c) Special Rule for Specially Qualified Agencies.--Each specially
qualified agency receiving a grant under subpart 1 shall provide the
reports described in subsection (a) to the Secretary subject to the same
requirements as apply to eligible entities providing such evaluations to
State educational agencies under such subsection.''.
    (i) Biennial Reports.--Section 3122 (20 U.S.C. 6843), as
redesignated by section 3001(2)(B), is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``reporting
        requirements'' and inserting ``biennial reports'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``evaluations'' and inserting
                ``reports''; and
                    (B) by striking ``children who are limited English
                proficient'' and inserting ``English learners''; and
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``limited English proficient
                      children'' and inserting ``English learners''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``children who are limited
                      English proficient'' and inserting ``English
                      learners'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``limited English
                proficient children'' and inserting ``English
                learners'';
                    (C) in paragraph (4), by striking ``section
                3111(b)(2)(C)'' and inserting ``section 3111(b)(2)(D)'';
                    (D) in paragraph (5), by striking ``limited English
                proficient children'' and inserting ``English
                learners'';
                    (E) in paragraph (6), by striking ``major findings
                of scientifically based research carried out under this
                part'' and inserting ``findings of the most recent
                evaluation related to English learners carried out under
                section 8601'';
                    (F) in paragraph (8)--
                          (i) by striking ``of limited English
                      proficient children'' and inserting ``of English
                      learners''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``into classrooms where
                      instruction is not tailored for limited English
                      proficient children''; and
                    (G) in paragraph (9), by striking ``title'' and
                inserting ``part''.

    (j) Coordination With Related Programs.--Section 3123 (20 U.S.C. 
6844), as redesignated by section 3001(2)(B), is amended--
            (1) by striking ``children of limited English proficiency'' 
        and inserting ``English learners'';

[[Page 129 STAT. 1964]]

            (2) by striking ``limited English proficient children'' and
        inserting ``English learners''; and
            (3) by inserting after the period at the end the following: 
        ``The Secretary shall report to the Congress on parallel Federal
        programs in other agencies and departments.''.

    (k) Rules of Construction.--Section 3124 (20 U.S.C. 6845), as
redesignated by section 3001(2)(B), is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``limited English
        proficient children'' and inserting ``English learners''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``limited English
        proficient children'' and inserting ``English learners''.

    (l) Prohibition.--Section 3128 (20 U.S.C. 6849), as redesignated by
section 3001(2)(B), is amended by striking ``limited English proficient
children'' and inserting ``English learners''.
    (m) National Professional Development Project.--Section 3131 (20
U.S.C. 6861) is amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 3131. NATIONAL PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT.

    ``The Secretary shall use funds made available under section
3111(c)(1)(C) to award grants on a competitive basis, for a period of
not more than 5 years, to institutions of higher education or public or
private entities with relevant experience and capacity (in consortia
with State educational agencies or local educational agencies) to
provide for professional development activities that will improve
classroom instruction for English learners and assist educational
personnel working with English learners to meet high professional
standards, including standards for certification and licensure as
teachers who work in language instruction educational programs or serve
English learners. Grants awarded under this section may be used--
            ``(1) for effective preservice or inservice professional
        development programs that will improve the qualifications and
        skills of educational personnel involved in the education of
        English learners, including personnel who are not certified or
        licensed and educational paraprofessionals, and for other
        activities to increase teacher and school leader effectiveness
        in meeting the needs of English learners;
            ``(2) for the development of curricula or other
        instructional strategies appropriate to the needs of the
        consortia participants involved;
            ``(3) to support strategies that strengthen and increase
        parent, family, and community member engagement in the education
        of English learners;
            ``(4) to develop, share, and disseminate effective practices
        in the instruction of English learners and in increasing the
        student academic achievement of English learners, such as
        through the use of technology-based programs;
            ``(5) in conjunction with other Federal need-based student
        financial assistance programs, for financial assistance, and
        costs related to tuition, fees, and books for enrolling in
        courses required to complete the degree involved, to meet
        certification or licensing requirements for teachers who work in
        language instruction educational programs or serve English
        learners; and
            ``(6) as appropriate, to support strategies that promote
        school readiness of English learners and their transition from

[[Page 129 STAT. 1965]]

        early childhood education programs, such as Head Start or State-
        run preschool programs, to elementary school programs.''.


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