SEC. 1005/SEC. 1111

STATE PLANS

 

 

Section Summary

Section 1005 outlines all of the conditions for any State desiring to receive a grant.  Section 1005 appears as the header for Section 1111 which contains all of the details pertaining to State Plans in the Act.


ESSA Update

SEC. 1005. STATE PLANS.

Section 1111 (20 U.S.C. 6311) is amended to read as follows:
``SEC. 1111. STATE PLANS.

    ``(a) Filing for Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--For any State desiring to receive a grant
        under this part, the State educational agency shall file with
        the Secretary a plan that is--
                    ``(A) developed by the State educational agency with
                timely and meaningful consultation with the Governor, 
                members of the State legislature and State board of
                education (if the State has a State board of education), 
                local educational agencies (including those located in
                rural areas), representatives of Indian tribes located
                in the State, teachers, principals, other school
                leaders, charter school leaders (if the State has
                charter schools), specialized instructional support
                personnel, paraprofessionals, administrators, other
                staff, and parents; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1821]]

                    ``(B) is coordinated with other programs under this
                Act, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20
                U.S.C. 1400 et seq.), the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (20
                U.S.C. 701 et seq.), the Carl D. Perkins Career and
                Technical Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 2301 et
                seq.), the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29
                U.S.C. 3101 et seq.), the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9831
                et seq.), the Child Care and Development Block Grant Act
                of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 9858 et seq.), the Education Sciences
                Reform Act of 2002 (20 U.S.C. 9501 et seq.), the
                Education Technical Assistance Act of 2002 (20 U.S.C. 
                9601 et. seq.), the National Assessment of Educational
                Progress Authorization Act (20 U.S.C. 9621 et seq.), the
                McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11301
                et seq.), and the Adult Education and Family Literacy
                Act (29 U.S.C. 3271 et seq.).
            ``(2) Limitation.--Consultation required under paragraph
        (1)(A) shall not interfere with the timely submission of the
        plan required under this section.
            ``(3) Consolidated plan.--A State plan submitted under
        paragraph (1) may be submitted as part of a consolidated plan
        under section 8302.
            ``(4) Peer review and secretarial approval.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall--
                          ``(i) establish a peer-review process to
                      assist in the review of State plans;
                          ``(ii) establish multidisciplinary peer-review
                      teams and appoint members of such teams--
                                    ``(I) who are representative of--
                                            ``(aa) parents, teachers, 
                                        principals, other school
                                        leaders, specialized
                                        instructional support personnel, 
                                        State educational agencies, 
                                        local educational agencies, and
                                        the community (including the
                                        business community); and
                                            ``(bb) researchers who are
                                        familiar with--
                                                ``(AA) the
                                            implementation of academic
                                            standards, assessments, or
                                            accountability systems; and
                                                ``(BB) how to meet the
                                            needs of disadvantaged
                                            students, children with
                                            disabilities, and English
                                            learners, the needs of low-
                                            performing schools, and
                                            other educational needs of
                                            students;
                                    ``(II) that include, to the extent
                                practicable, majority representation of
                                individuals who, in the most recent 2
                                years, have had practical experience in
                                the classroom, school administration, or
                                State or local government (such as
                                direct employees of a school, local
                                educational agency, or State educational
                                agency); and
                                    ``(III) who represent a regionally
                                diverse cross-section of States;
                          ``(iii) make available to the public, 
                      including by such means as posting to the
                      Department's website, the list of peer reviewers
                      who have reviewed State plans under this section;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1822]]

                          ``(iv) ensure that the peer-review teams
                      consist of varied individuals so that the same
                      peer reviewers are not reviewing all of the State
                      plans;
                          ``(v) approve a State plan not later than 120
                      days after its submission, unless the Secretary
                      meets the requirements of clause (vi);
                          ``(vi) have the authority to disapprove a
                      State plan only if--
                                    ``(I) the Secretary--
                                            ``(aa) determines how the
                                        State plan fails to meet the
                                        requirements of this section;
                                            ``(bb) immediately provides
                                        to the State, in writing, notice
                                        of such determination, and the
                                        supporting information and
                                        rationale to substantiate such
                                        determination;
                                            ``(cc) offers the State an
                                        opportunity to revise and
                                        resubmit its State plan, and
                                        provides the State--
                                                ``(AA) technical
                                            assistance to assist the
                                            State in meeting the
                                            requirements of this
                                            section;
                                                ``(BB) in writing, all
                                            peer-review comments, 
                                            suggestions, 
                                            recommendations, or concerns
                                            relating to its State plan; 
                                            and
                                                ``(CC) a hearing, unless
                                            the State declines the
                                            opportunity for such
                                            hearing; and
                                    ``(II) the State--
                                            ``(aa) does not revise and
                                        resubmit its State plan; or
                                            ``(bb) in a case in which a
                                        State revises and resubmits its
                                        State plan after a hearing is
                                        conducted under subclause
                                        (I)(cc)(CC), or after the State
                                        has declined the opportunity for
                                        such a hearing, the Secretary
                                        determines that such revised
                                        State plan does not meet the
                                        requirements of this section.
                    ``(B) Purpose of peer review.--The peer-review
                process shall be designed to--
                          ``(i) maximize collaboration with each State;
                          ``(ii) promote effective implementation of the
                      challenging State academic standards through State
                      and local innovation; and
                          ``(iii) provide transparent, timely, and
                      objective feedback to States designed to
                      strengthen the technical and overall quality of
                      the State plans.
                    ``(C) Standard and nature of review.--Peer reviewers
                shall conduct an objective review of State plans in
                their totality and out of respect for State and local
                judgments, with the goal of supporting State- and local-
                led innovation and providing objective feedback on the
                technical and overall quality of a State plan.
                    ``(D) Prohibition.--Neither the Secretary nor the
                political appointees of the Department, may attempt to
                participate in, or influence, the peer-review process.
            ``(5) Public review.--All written communications, feedback, 
        and notifications under this subsection shall be conducted

[[Page 129 STAT. 1823]]

        in a manner that is transparent and immediately made available
        to the public on the Department's website, including--
                    ``(A) plans submitted or resubmitted by a State;
                    ``(B) peer-review guidance, notes, and comments and
                the names of the peer reviewers (once the peer reviewers
                have completed their work);
                    ``(C) State plan determinations by the Secretary, 
                including approvals or disapprovals; and
                    ``(D) notices and transcripts of hearings under this
                section.
            ``(6) Duration of the plan.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State plan shall--
                          ``(i) remain in effect for the duration of the
                      State's participation under this part; and
                          ``(ii) be periodically reviewed and revised as
                      necessary by the State educational agency to
                      reflect changes in the State's strategies and
                      programs under this part.
                    ``(B) Additional information.--
                          ``(i) In general.--If a State makes
                      significant changes to its plan at any time, such
                      as the adoption of new challenging State academic
                      standards or new academic assessments under
                      subsection (b), or changes to its accountability
                      system under subsection (c), such information
                      shall be submitted to the Secretary in the form of
                      revisions or amendments to the State plan.
                          ``(ii) Review of revised plans.--The Secretary
                      shall review the information submitted under
                      clause (i) and approve changes to the State plan, 
                      or disapprove such changes in accordance with
                      paragraph (4)(A)(vi), within 90 days, without
                      undertaking the peer-review process under such
                      paragraph.
                          ``(iii) Special rule for standards.--If a
                      State makes changes to its challenging State
                      academic standards, the requirements of subsection
                      (b)(1), including the requirement that such
                      standards need not be submitted to the Secretary
                      pursuant to subsection (b)(1)(A), shall still
                      apply.
            ``(7) Failure to meet requirements.--If a State fails to
        meet any of the requirements of this section, the Secretary may
        withhold funds for State administration under this part until
        the Secretary determines that the State has fulfilled those
        requirements.
            ``(8) Public comment.--Each State shall make the State plan
        publicly available for public comment for a period of not less
        than 30 days, by electronic means and in an easily accessible
        format, prior to submission to the Secretary for approval under
        this subsection. The State, in the plan it files under this
        subsection, shall provide an assurance that public comments were
        taken into account in the development of the State plan.

    ``(b) Challenging Academic Standards and Academic Assessments.--
            ``(1) Challenging state academic standards.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State, in the plan it files
                under subsection (a), shall provide an assurance that
                the State has adopted challenging academic content
                standards and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1824]]

                aligned academic achievement standards (referred to in
                this Act as `challenging State academic standards'), 
                which achievement standards shall include not less than
                3 levels of achievement, that will be used by the State, 
                its local educational agencies, and its schools to carry
                out this part. A State shall not be required to submit
                such challenging State academic standards to the
                Secretary.
                    ``(B) Same standards.--Except as provided in
                subparagraph (E), the standards required by subparagraph
                (A) shall--
                          ``(i) apply to all public schools and public
                      school students in the State; and
                          ``(ii) with respect to academic achievement
                      standards, include the same knowledge, skills, and
                      levels of achievement expected of all public
                      school students in the State.
                    ``(C) Subjects.--The State shall have such academic
                standards for mathematics, reading or language arts, and
                science, and may have such standards for any other
                subject determined by the State.
                    ``(D) Alignment.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Each State shall
                      demonstrate that the challenging State academic
                      standards are aligned with entrance requirements
                      for credit-bearing coursework in the system of
                      public higher education in the State and relevant
                      State career and technical education standards.
                          ``(ii) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this
                      Act shall be construed to authorize public
                      institutions of higher education to determine the
                      specific challenging State academic standards
                      required under this paragraph.
                    ``(E) Alternate academic achievement standards for
                students with the most significant cognitive
                disabilities.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The State may, through a
                      documented and validated standards-setting
                      process, adopt alternate academic achievement
                      standards for students with the most significant
                      cognitive disabilities, provided those standards--
                                    ``(I) are aligned with the
                                challenging State academic content
                                standards under subparagraph (A);
                                    ``(II) promote access to the general
                                education curriculum, consistent with
                                the Individuals with Disabilities
                                Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.);
                                    ``(III) reflect professional
                                judgment as to the highest possible
                                standards achievable by such students;
                                    ``(IV) are designated in the
                                individualized education program
                                developed under section 614(d)(3) of the
                                Individuals with Disabilities Education
                                Act (20 U.S.C. 1414(d)(3)) for each such
                                student as the academic achievement
                                standards that will be used for the
                                student; and
                                    ``(V) are aligned to ensure that a
                                student who meets the alternate academic
                                achievement standards is on track to
                                pursue postsecondary education

[[Page 129 STAT. 1825]]

                                or employment, consistent with the
                                purposes of Public Law 93-112, as in
                                effect on July 22, 2014.
                          ``(ii) Prohibition on any other alternate or
                      modified academic achievement standards.--A State
                      shall not develop, or implement for use under this
                      part, any alternate academic achievement standards
                      for children with disabilities that are not
                      alternate academic achievement standards that meet
                      the requirements of clause (i).
                    ``(F) English language proficiency standards.--Each
                State plan shall demonstrate that the State has adopted
                English language proficiency standards that--
                          ``(i) are derived from the 4 recognized
                      domains of speaking, listening, reading, and
                      writing;
                          ``(ii) address the different proficiency
                      levels of English learners; and
                          ``(iii) are aligned with the challenging State
                      academic standards.
                    ``(G) Prohibitions.--
                          ``(i) Standards review or approval.--A State
                      shall not be required to submit any standards
                      developed under this subsection to the Secretary
                      for review or approval.
                          ``(ii) Federal control.--The Secretary shall
                      not have the authority to mandate, direct, 
                      control, coerce, or exercise any direction or
                      supervision over any of the challenging State
                      academic standards adopted or implemented by a
                      State.
                    ``(H) Existing standards.--Nothing in this part
                shall prohibit a State from revising, consistent with
                this section, any standards adopted under this part
                before or after the date of enactment of the Every
                Student Succeeds Act.
            ``(2) Academic assessments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State plan shall demonstrate
                that the State educational agency, in consultation with
                local educational agencies, has implemented a set of
                high-quality student academic assessments in
                mathematics, reading or language arts, and science. The
                State retains the right to implement such assessments in
                any other subject chosen by the State.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--The assessments under
                subparagraph (A) shall--
                          ``(i) except as provided in subparagraph (D), 
                      be--
                                    ``(I) the same academic assessments
                                used to measure the achievement of all
                                public elementary school and secondary
                                school students in the State; and
                                    ``(II) administered to all public
                                elementary school and secondary school
                                students in the State;
                          ``(ii) be aligned with the challenging State
                      academic standards, and provide coherent and
                      timely information about student attainment of
                      such standards and whether the student is
                      performing at the student's grade level;
                          ``(iii) be used for purposes for which such
                      assessments are valid and reliable, consistent
                      with relevant, nationally recognized professional
                      and technical testing

[[Page 129 STAT. 1826]]

                      standards, objectively measure academic
                      achievement, knowledge, and skills, and be tests
                      that do not evaluate or assess personal or family
                      beliefs and attitudes, or publicly disclose
                      personally identifiable information;
                          ``(iv) be of adequate technical quality for
                      each purpose required under this Act and
                      consistent with the requirements of this section, 
                      the evidence of which shall be made public, 
                      including on the website of the State educational
                      agency;
                          ``(v)(I) in the case of mathematics and
                      reading or language arts, be administered--
                                    ``(aa) in each of grades 3 through
                                8; and
                                    ``(bb) at least once in grades 9
                                through 12;
                          ``(II) in the case of science, be administered
                      not less than one time during--
                                    ``(aa) grades 3 through 5;
                                    ``(bb) grades 6 through 9; and
                                    ``(cc) grades 10 through 12; and
                          ``(III) in the case of any other subject
                      chosen by the State, be administered at the
                      discretion of the State;
                          ``(vi) involve multiple up-to-date measures of
                      student academic achievement, including measures
                      that assess higher-order thinking skills and
                      understanding, which may include measures of
                      student academic growth and may be partially
                      delivered in the form of portfolios, projects, or
                      extended performance tasks;
                          ``(vii) provide for--
                                    ``(I) the participation in such
                                assessments of all students;
                                    ``(II) the appropriate
                                accommodations, such as interoperability
                                with, and ability to use, assistive
                                technology, for children with
                                disabilities (as defined in section
                                602(3) of the Individuals with
                                Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 
                                1401(3))), including students with the
                                most significant cognitive disabilities, 
                                and students with a disability who are
                                provided accommodations under an Act
                                other than the Individuals with
                                Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 
                                1400 et seq.), necessary to measure the
                                academic achievement of such children
                                relative to the challenging State
                                academic standards or alternate academic
                                achievement standards described in
                                paragraph (1)(E); and
                                    ``(III) the inclusion of English
                                learners, who shall be assessed in a
                                valid and reliable manner and provided
                                appropriate accommodations on
                                assessments administered to such
                                students under this paragraph, 
                                including, to the extent practicable, 
                                assessments in the language and form
                                most likely to yield accurate data on
                                what such students know and can do in
                                academic content areas, until such
                                students have achieved English language
                                proficiency, as determined under
                                subparagraph (G);
                          ``(viii) at the State's discretion--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1827]]

                                    ``(I) be administered through a
                                single summative assessment; or
                                    ``(II) be administered through
                                multiple statewide interim assessments
                                during the course of the academic year
                                that result in a single summative score
                                that provides valid, reliable, and
                                transparent information on student
                                achievement or growth;
                          ``(ix) notwithstanding clause (vii)(III), 
                      provide for assessments (using tests in English) 
                      of reading or language arts of any student who has
                      attended school in the United States (not
                      including the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico) for 3
                      or more consecutive school years, except that if
                      the local educational agency determines, on a
                      case-by-case individual basis, that academic
                      assessments in another language or form would
                      likely yield more accurate and reliable
                      information on what such student knows and can do, 
                      the local educational agency may make a
                      determination to assess such student in the
                      appropriate language other than English for a
                      period that does not exceed 2 additional
                      consecutive years, provided that such student has
                      not yet reached a level of English language
                      proficiency sufficient to yield valid and reliable
                      information on what such student knows and can do
                      on tests (written in English) of reading or
                      language arts;
                          ``(x) produce individual student interpretive, 
                      descriptive, and diagnostic reports, consistent
                      with clause (iii), regarding achievement on such
                      assessments that allow parents, teachers, 
                      principals, and other school leaders to understand
                      and address the specific academic needs of
                      students, and that are provided to parents, 
                      teachers, and school leaders, as soon as is
                      practicable after the assessment is given, in an
                      understandable and uniform format, and to the
                      extent practicable, in a language that parents can
                      understand;
                          ``(xi) enable results to be disaggregated
                      within each State, local educational agency, and
                      school by--
                                    ``(I) each major racial and ethnic
                                group;
                                    ``(II) economically disadvantaged
                                students as compared to students who are
                                not economically disadvantaged;
                                    ``(III) children with disabilities
                                as compared to children without
                                disabilities;
                                    ``(IV) English proficiency status;
                                    ``(V) gender; and
                                    ``(VI) migrant status,
                      except that such disaggregation shall not be
                      required in the case of a State, local educational
                      agency, or a school in which the number of
                      students in a subgroup is insufficient to yield
                      statistically reliable information or the results
                      would reveal personally identifiable information
                      about an individual student;
                          ``(xii) enable itemized score analyses to be
                      produced and reported, consistent with clause
                      (iii), to local educational agencies and schools, 
                      so that parents, teachers, principals, other
                      school leaders, and administrators can interpret
                      and address the specific academic needs of

[[Page 129 STAT. 1828]]

                      students as indicated by the students' achievement
                      on assessment items; and
                          ``(xiii) be developed, to the extent
                      practicable, using the principles of universal
                      design for learning.
                    ``(C) Exception for advanced mathematics in middle
                school.--A State may exempt any 8th grade student from
                the assessment in mathematics described in subparagraph
                (B)(v)(I)(aa) if--
                          ``(i) such student takes the end-of-course
                      assessment the State typically administers to meet
                      the requirements of subparagraph (B)(v)(I)(bb) in
                      mathematics;
                          ``(ii) such student's achievement on such end-
                      of-course assessment is used for purposes of
                      subsection (c)(4)(B)(i), in lieu of such student's
                      achievement on the mathematics assessment required
                      under subparagraph (B)(v)(I)(aa), and such student
                      is counted as participating in the assessment for
                      purposes of subsection (c)(4)(B)(vi); and
                          ``(iii) in high school, such student takes a
                      mathematics assessment pursuant to subparagraph
                      (B)(v)(I)(bb) that--
                                    ``(I) is any end-of-course
                                assessment or other assessment that is
                                more advanced than the assessment taken
                                by such student under clause (i) of this
                                subparagraph; and
                                    ``(II) shall be used to measure such
                                student's academic achievement for
                                purposes of subsection (c)(4)(B)(i).
                    ``(D) Alternate assessments for students with the
                most significant cognitive disabilities.--
                          ``(i) Alternate assessments aligned with
                      alternate academic achievement standards.--A State
                      may provide for alternate assessments aligned with
                      the challenging State academic standards and
                      alternate academic achievement standards described
                      in paragraph (1)(E) for students with the most
                      significant cognitive disabilities, if the State--
                                    ``(I) consistent with clause (ii), 
                                ensures that, for each subject, the
                                total number of students assessed in
                                such subject using the alternate
                                assessments does not exceed 1 percent of
                                the total number of all students in the
                                State who are assessed in such subject;
                                    ``(II) ensures that the parents of
                                such students are clearly informed, as
                                part of the process for developing the
                                individualized education program (as
                                defined in section 614(d)(1)(A) of the
                                Individuals with Disabilities Education
                                Act (20 U.S.C. 1414(d)(1)(A)))--
                                            ``(aa) that their child's
                                        academic achievement will be
                                        measured based on such alternate
                                        standards; and
                                            ``(bb) how participation in
                                        such assessments may delay or
                                        otherwise affect the student
                                        from completing the requirements
                                        for a regular high school
                                        diploma;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1829]]

                                    ``(III) promotes, consistent with
                                the Individuals with Disabilities
                                Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.), 
                                the involvement and progress of students
                                with the most significant cognitive
                                disabilities in the general education
                                curriculum;
                                    ``(IV) describes in the State plan
                                the steps the State has taken to
                                incorporate universal design for
                                learning, to the extent feasible, in
                                alternate assessments;
                                    ``(V) describes in the State plan
                                that general and special education
                                teachers, and other appropriate staff--
                                            ``(aa) know how to
                                        administer the alternate
                                        assessments; and
                                            ``(bb) make appropriate use
                                        of accommodations for students
                                        with disabilities on all
                                        assessments required under this
                                        paragraph;
                                    ``(VI) develops, disseminates
                                information on, and promotes the use of
                                appropriate accommodations to increase
                                the number of students with significant
                                cognitive disabilities--
                                            ``(aa) participating in
                                        academic instruction and
                                        assessments for the grade level
                                        in which the student is
                                        enrolled; and
                                            ``(bb) who are tested based
                                        on challenging State academic
                                        standards for the grade level in
                                        which the student is enrolled; 
                                        and
                                    ``(VII) does not preclude a student
                                with the most significant cognitive
                                disabilities who takes an alternate
                                assessment based on alternate academic
                                achievement standards from attempting to
                                complete the requirements for a regular
                                high school diploma.
                          ``(ii) Special rules.--
                                    ``(I) Responsibility under idea.--
                                Subject to the authority and
                                requirements for the individualized
                                education program team for a child with
                                a disability under section
                                614(d)(1)(A)(i)(VI)(bb) of the
                                Individuals with Disabilities Education
                                Act (20 U.S.C. 
                                1414(d)(1)(A)(i)(VI)(bb)), such team, 
                                consistent with the guidelines
                                established by the State and required
                                under section 612(a)(16)(C) of such Act
                                (20 U.S.C. 1412(c)(16)(C)) and clause
                                (i)(II) of this subparagraph, shall
                                determine when a child with a
                                significant cognitive disability shall
                                participate in an alternate assessment
                                aligned with the alternate academic
                                achievement standards.
                                    ``(II) Prohibition on local cap.--
                                Nothing in this subparagraph shall be
                                construed to permit the Secretary or a
                                State educational agency to impose on
                                any local educational agency a cap on
                                the percentage of students administered
                                an alternate assessment under this
                                subparagraph, except that a local
                                educational agency exceeding the cap
                                applied to the State under clause (i)(I) 
                                shall submit information to the State
                                educational agency justifying the need
                                to exceed such cap.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1830]]

                                    ``(III) State support.--A State
                                shall provide appropriate oversight, as
                                determined by the State, of any local
                                educational agency that is required to
                                submit information to the State under
                                subclause (II).
                                    ``(IV) Waiver authority.--This
                                subparagraph shall be subject to the
                                waiver authority under section 8401.
                    ``(E) State authority.--If a State educational
                agency provides evidence, which is satisfactory to the
                Secretary, that neither the State educational agency nor
                any other State government official, agency, or entity
                has sufficient authority, under State law, to adopt
                challenging State academic standards, and academic
                assessments aligned with such standards, which will be
                applicable to all students enrolled in the State's
                public elementary schools and secondary schools, then
                the State educational agency may meet the requirements
                of this subsection by--
                          ``(i) adopting academic standards and academic
                      assessments that meet the requirements of this
                      subsection, on a statewide basis, and limiting
                      their applicability to students served under this
                      part; or
                          ``(ii) adopting and implementing policies that
                      ensure that each local educational agency in the
                      State that receives grants under this part will
                      adopt academic content and student academic
                      achievement standards, and academic assessments
                      aligned with such standards, which--
                                    ``(I) meet all of the criteria in
                                this subsection and any regulations
                                regarding such standards and assessments
                                that the Secretary may publish; and
                                    ``(II) are applicable to all
                                students served by each such local
                                educational agency.
                    ``(F) Language assessments.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Each State plan shall
                      identify the languages other than English that are
                      present to a significant extent in the
                      participating student population of the State and
                      indicate the languages for which annual student
                      academic assessments are not available and are
                      needed.
                          ``(ii) Secretarial assistance.--The State
                      shall make every effort to develop such
                      assessments and may request assistance from the
                      Secretary if linguistically accessible academic
                      assessment measures are needed. Upon request, the
                      Secretary shall assist with the identification of
                      appropriate academic assessment measures in the
                      needed languages, but shall not mandate a specific
                      academic assessment or mode of instruction.
                    ``(G) Assessments of english language proficiency.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Each State plan shall
                      demonstrate that local educational agencies in the
                      State will provide for an annual assessment of
                      English proficiency of all English learners in the
                      schools served by the State educational agency.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1831]]

                          ``(ii) Alignment.--The assessments described
                      in clause (i) shall be aligned with the State's
                      English language proficiency standards described
                      in paragraph (1)(F).
                    ``(H) Locally-selected assessment.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Nothing in this paragraph
                      shall be construed to prohibit a local educational
                      agency from administering a locally-selected
                      assessment in lieu of the State-designed academic
                      assessment under subclause (I)(bb) and subclause
                      (II)(cc) of subparagraph (B)(v), if the local
                      educational agency selects a nationally-recognized
                      high school academic assessment that has been
                      approved for use by the State as described in
                      clause (iii) or (iv) of this subparagraph.
                          ``(ii) State technical criteria.--To allow for
                      State approval of nationally-recognized high
                      school academic assessments that are available for
                      local selection under clause (i), a State
                      educational agency shall establish technical
                      criteria to determine if any such assessment meets
                      the requirements of clause (v).
                          ``(iii) State approval.--If a State
                      educational agency chooses to make a nationally-
                      recognized high school assessment available for
                      selection by a local educational agency under
                      clause (i), which has not already been approved
                      under this clause, such State educational agency
                      shall--
                                    ``(I) conduct a review of the
                                assessment to determine if such
                                assessment meets or exceeds the
                                technical criteria established by the
                                State educational agency under clause
                                (ii);
                                    ``(II) submit evidence in accordance
                                with subsection (a)(4) that demonstrates
                                such assessment meets the requirements
                                of clause (v); and
                                    ``(III) after fulfilling the
                                requirements of subclauses (I) and (II), 
                                approve such assessment for selection
                                and use by any local educational agency
                                that requests to use such assessment
                                under clause (i).
                          ``(iv) Local educational agency option.--
                                    ``(I) Local educational agency.--If
                                a local educational agency chooses to
                                submit a nationally-recognized high
                                school academic assessment to the State
                                educational agency, subject to the
                                approval process described in subclause
                                (I) and subclause (II) of clause (iii) 
                                to determine if such assessment fulfills
                                the requirements of clause (v), the
                                State educational agency may approve the
                                use of such assessment consistent with
                                clause (i).
                                    ``(II) State educational agency.--
                                Upon such approval, the State
                                educational agency shall approve the use
                                of such assessment in any other local
                                educational agency in the State that
                                subsequently requests to use such
                                assessment without repeating the process
                                described in subclauses (I) and (II) of
                                clause (iii).

[[Page 129 STAT. 1832]]

                          ``(v) Requirements.--To receive approval from
                      the State educational agency under clause (iii), a
                      locally-selected assessment shall--
                                    ``(I) be aligned to the State's
                                academic content standards under
                                paragraph (1), address the depth and
                                breadth of such standards, and be
                                equivalent in its content coverage, 
                                difficulty, and quality to the State-
                                designed assessments under this
                                paragraph (and may be more rigorous in
                                its content coverage and difficulty than
                                such State-designed assessments);
                                    ``(II) provide comparable, valid, 
                                and reliable data on academic
                                achievement, as compared to the State-
                                designed assessments, for all students
                                and for each subgroup of students
                                defined in subsection (c)(2), with
                                results expressed in terms consistent
                                with the State's academic achievement
                                standards under paragraph (1), among all
                                local educational agencies within the
                                State;
                                    ``(III) meet the requirements for
                                the assessments under subparagraph (B) 
                                of this paragraph, including technical
                                criteria, except the requirement under
                                clause (i) of such subparagraph; and
                                    ``(IV) provide unbiased, rational, 
                                and consistent differentiation between
                                schools within the State to meet the
                                requirements of subsection (c).
                          ``(vi) Parental notification.--A local
                      educational agency shall notify the parents of
                      high school students served by the local
                      educational agency--
                                    ``(I) of its request to the State
                                educational agency for approval to
                                administer a locally-selected
                                assessment; and
                                    ``(II) upon approval, and at the
                                beginning of each subsequent school year
                                during which the locally selected
                                assessment will be administered, that
                                the local educational agency will be
                                administering a different assessment
                                than the State-designed assessments
                                under subclause (I)(bb) and subclause
                                (II)(cc) of subparagraph (B)(v).
                    ``(I) Deferral.--A State may defer the commencement, 
                or suspend the administration, but not cease the
                development, of the assessments described in this
                paragraph, for 1 year for each year for which the amount
                appropriated for grants under part B is less than
                $369,100,000.
                    ``(J) Adaptive assessments.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), a
                      State retains the right to develop and administer
                      computer adaptive assessments as the assessments
                      described in this paragraph, provided the computer
                      adaptive assessments meet the requirements of this
                      paragraph, except that--
                                    ``(I) subparagraph (B)(i) shall not
                                be interpreted to require that all
                                students taking the computer adaptive
                                assessment be administered the same
                                assessment items; and
                                    ``(II) such assessment--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1833]]

                                            ``(aa) shall measure, at a
                                        minimum, each student's academic
                                        proficiency based on the
                                        challenging State academic
                                        standards for the student's
                                        grade level and growth toward
                                        such standards; and
                                            ``(bb) may measure the
                                        student's level of academic
                                        proficiency and growth using
                                        items above or below the
                                        student's grade level, including
                                        for use as part of a State's
                                        accountability system under
                                        subsection (c).
                          ``(ii) Students with the most significant
                      cognitive disabilities and english learners.--In
                      developing and administering computer adaptive
                      assessments--
                                    ``(I) as the assessments allowed
                                under subparagraph (D), a State shall
                                ensure that such computer adaptive
                                assessments--
                                            ``(aa) meet the requirements
                                        of this paragraph, including
                                        subparagraph (D), except such
                                        assessments shall not be
                                        required to meet the
                                        requirements of clause (i)(II); 
                                        and
                                            ``(bb) assess the student's
                                        academic achievement to measure, 
                                        in the subject being assessed, 
                                        whether the student is
                                        performing at the student's
                                        grade level; and
                                    ``(II) as the assessments required
                                under subparagraph (G), a State shall
                                ensure that such computer adaptive
                                assessments--
                                            ``(aa) meet the requirements
                                        of this paragraph, including
                                        subparagraph (G), except such
                                        assessment shall not be required
                                        to meet the requirements of
                                        clause (i)(II); and
                                            ``(bb) assess the student's
                                        language proficiency, which may
                                        include growth towards such
                                        proficiency, in order to measure
                                        the student's acquisition of
                                        English.
                    ``(K) Rule of construction on parent rights.--
                Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed as
                preempting a State or local law regarding the decision
                of a parent to not have the parent's child participate
                in the academic assessments under this paragraph.
                    ``(L) Limitation on assessment time.--Subject to
                Federal or State requirements related to assessments, 
                evaluations, and accommodations, each State may, at the
                sole discretion of such State, set a target limit on the
                aggregate amount of time devoted to the administration
                of assessments for each grade, expressed as a percentage
                of annual instructional hours.
            ``(3) Exception for recently arrived english learners.--
                    ``(A) Assessments.--With respect to recently arrived
                English learners who have been enrolled in a school in
                one of the 50 States in the United States or the
                District of Columbia for less than 12 months, a State
                may choose to--
                          ``(i) exclude--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1834]]

                                    ``(I) such an English learner from
                                one administration of the reading or
                                language arts assessment required under
                                paragraph (2); and
                                    ``(II) such an English learner's
                                results on any of the assessments
                                required under paragraph (2)(B)(v)(I) or
                                (2)(G) for the first year of the English
                                learner's enrollment in such a school
                                for the purposes of the State-determined
                                accountability system under subsection
                                (c); or
                          ``(ii)(I) assess, and report the performance
                      of, such an English learner on the reading or
                      language arts and mathematics assessments required
                      under paragraph (2)(B)(v)(I) in each year of the
                      student's enrollment in such a school; and
                          ``(II) for the purposes of the State-
                      determined accountability system--
                                    ``(aa) for the first year of the
                                student's enrollment in such a school, 
                                exclude the results on the assessments
                                described in subclause (I);
                                    ``(bb) include a measure of student
                                growth on the assessments described in
                                subclause (I) in the second year of the
                                student's enrollment in such a school; 
                                and
                                    ``(cc) include proficiency on the
                                assessments described in subclause (I) 
                                in the third year of the student's
                                enrollment in such a school, and each
                                succeeding year of such enrollment.
                    ``(B) English learner subgroup.--With respect to a
                student previously identified as an English learner and
                for not more than 4 years after the student ceases to be
                identified as an English learner, a State may include
                the results of the student's assessments under paragraph
                (2)(B)(v)(I) within the English learner subgroup of the
                subgroups of students (as defined in subsection
                (c)(2)(D)) for the purposes of the State-determined
                accountability system.

    ``(c) Statewide Accountability System.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State plan shall describe a
        statewide accountability system that complies with the
        requirements of this subsection and subsection (d).
            ``(2) Subgroup of students.--In this subsection and
        subsection (d), the term `subgroup of students' means--
                    ``(A) economically disadvantaged students;
                    ``(B) students from major racial and ethnic groups;
                    ``(C) children with disabilities; and
                    ``(D) English learners.
            ``(3) Minimum number of students.--Each State shall
        describe--
                    ``(A) with respect to any provisions under this part
                that require disaggregation of information by each
                subgroup of students--
                          ``(i) the minimum number of students that the
                      State determines are necessary to be included to
                      carry out such requirements and how that number is
                      statistically sound, which shall be the same
                      State-determined number for all students and for
                      each subgroup of students in the State;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1835]]

                          ``(ii) how such minimum number of students was
                      determined by the State, including how the State
                      collaborated with teachers, principals, other
                      school leaders, parents, and other stakeholders
                      when determining such minimum number; and
                          ``(iii) how the State ensures that such
                      minimum number is sufficient to not reveal any
                      personally identifiable information.
            ``(4) Description of system.--The statewide accountability
        system described in paragraph (1) shall be based on the
        challenging State academic standards for reading or language
        arts and mathematics described in subsection (b)(1) to improve
        student academic achievement and school success. In designing
        such system to meet the requirements of this part, the State
        shall carry out the following:
                    ``(A) Establishment of long-term goals.--Establish
                ambitious State-designed long-term goals, which shall
                include measurements of interim progress toward meeting
                such goals--
                          ``(i) for all students and separately for each
                      subgroup of students in the State--
                                    ``(I) for, at a minimum, improved--
                                            ``(aa) academic achievement, 
                                        as measured by proficiency on
                                        the annual assessments required
                                        under subsection
                                        (b)(2)(B)(v)(I); and
                                            ``(bb) high school
                                        graduation rates, including--
                                                ``(AA) the four-year
                                            adjusted cohort graduation
                                            rate; and
                                                ``(BB) at the State's
                                            discretion, the extended-
                                            year adjusted cohort
                                            graduation rate, except that
                                            the State shall set a more
                                            rigorous long-term goal for
                                            such graduation rate, as
                                            compared to the long-term
                                            goal set for the four-year
                                            adjusted cohort graduation
                                            rate;
                                    ``(II) for which the term set by the
                                State for such goals is the same multi-
                                year length of time for all students and
                                for each subgroup of students in the
                                State; and
                                    ``(III) that, for subgroups of
                                students who are behind on the measures
                                described in items (aa) and (bb) of
                                subclause (I), take into account the
                                improvement necessary on such measures
                                to make significant progress in closing
                                statewide proficiency and graduation
                                rate gaps; and
                          ``(ii) for English learners, for increases in
                      the percentage of such students making progress in
                      achieving English language proficiency, as defined
                      by the State and measured by the assessments
                      described in subsection (b)(2)(G), within a State-
                      determined timeline.
                    ``(B) Indicators.--Except for the indicator
                described in clause (iv), annually measure, for all
                students and separately for each subgroup of students, 
                the following indicators:

[[Page 129 STAT. 1836]]

                          ``(i) For all public schools in the State, 
                      based on the long-term goals established under
                      subparagraph (A), academic achievement--
                                    ``(I) as measured by proficiency on
                                the annual assessments required under
                                subsection (b)(2)(B)(v)(I); and
                                    ``(II) at the State's discretion, 
                                for each public high school in the
                                State, student growth, as measured by
                                such annual assessments.
                          ``(ii) For public elementary schools and
                      secondary schools that are not high schools in the
                      State--
                                    ``(I) a measure of student growth, 
                                if determined appropriate by the State; 
                                or
                                    ``(II) another valid and reliable
                                statewide academic indicator that allows
                                for meaningful differentiation in school
                                performance.
                          ``(iii) For public high schools in the State, 
                      and based on State-designed long term goals
                      established under subparagraph (A)--
                                    ``(I) the four-year adjusted cohort
                                graduation rate; and
                                    ``(II) at the State's discretion, 
                                the extended-year adjusted cohort
                                graduation rate.
                          ``(iv) For public schools in the State, 
                      progress in achieving English language
                      proficiency, as defined by the State and measured
                      by the assessments described in subsection
                      (b)(2)(G), within a State-determined timeline for
                      all English learners--
                                    ``(I) in each of the grades 3
                                through 8; and
                                    ``(II) in the grade for which such
                                English learners are otherwise assessed
                                under subsection (b)(2)(B)(v)(I) during
                                the grade 9 through grade 12 period, 
                                with such progress being measured
                                against the results of the assessments
                                described in subsection (b)(2)(G) taken
                                in the previous grade.
                          ``(v)(I) For all public schools in the State, 
                      not less than one indicator of school quality or
                      student success that--
                                    ``(aa) allows for meaningful
                                differentiation in school performance;
                                    ``(bb) is valid, reliable, 
                                comparable, and statewide (with the same
                                indicator or indicators used for each
                                grade span, as such term is determined
                                by the State); and
                                    ``(cc) may include one or more of
                                the measures described in subclause
                                (II).
                          ``(II) For purposes of subclause (I), the
                      State may include measures of--
                                    ``(III) student engagement;
                                    ``(IV) educator engagement;
                                    ``(V) student access to and
                                completion of advanced coursework;
                                    ``(VI) postsecondary readiness;
                                    ``(VII) school climate and safety; 
                                and
                                    ``(VIII) any other indicator the
                                State chooses that meets the
                                requirements of this clause.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1837]]

                    ``(C) Annual meaningful differentiation.--Establish
                a system of meaningfully differentiating, on an annual
                basis, all public schools in the State, which shall--
                          ``(i) be based on all indicators in the
                      State's accountability system under subparagraph
                      (B), for all students and for each of subgroup of
                      students, consistent with the requirements of such
                      subparagraph;
                          ``(ii) with respect to the indicators
                      described in clauses (i) through (iv) of
                      subparagraph (B) afford--
                                    ``(I) substantial weight to each
                                such indicator; and
                                    ``(II) in the aggregate, much
                                greater weight than is afforded to the
                                indicator or indicators utilized by the
                                State and described in subparagraph
                                (B)(v), in the aggregate; and
                          ``(iii) include differentiation of any such
                      school in which any subgroup of students is
                      consistently underperforming, as determined by the
                      State, based on all indicators under subparagraph
                      (B) and the system established under this
                      subparagraph.
                    ``(D) Identification of schools.--Based on the
                system of meaningful differentiation described in
                subparagraph (C), establish a State-determined
                methodology to identify--
                          ``(i) beginning with school year 2017-2018, 
                      and at least once every three school years
                      thereafter, one statewide category of schools for
                      comprehensive support and improvement, as
                      described in subsection (d)(1), which shall
                      include--
                                    ``(I) not less than the lowest-
                                performing 5 percent of all schools
                                receiving funds under this part in the
                                State;
                                    ``(II) all public high schools in
                                the State failing to graduate one third
                                or more of their students; and
                                    ``(III) public schools in the State
                                described under subsection
                                (d)(3)(A)(i)(II); and
                          ``(ii) at the discretion of the State, 
                      additional statewide categories of schools.
                    ``(E) Annual measurement of achievement.--(i) 
                Annually measure the achievement of not less than 95
                percent of all students, and 95 percent of all students
                in each subgroup of students, who are enrolled in public
                schools on the assessments described under subsection
                (b)(2)(v)(I).
                    ``(ii) For the purpose of measuring, calculating, 
                and reporting on the indicator described in subparagraph
                (B)(i), include in the denominator the greater of--
                          ``(I) 95 percent of all such students, or 95
                      percent of all such students in the subgroup, as
                      the case may be; or
                          ``(II) the number of students participating in
                      the assessments.
                    ``(iii) Provide a clear and understandable
                explanation of how the State will factor the requirement
                of clause (i) of this subparagraph into the statewide
                accountability system.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1838]]

                    ``(F) Partial attendance.--(i) In the case of a
                student who has not attended the same school within a
                local educational agency for at least half of a school
                year, the performance of such student on the indicators
                described in clauses (i), (ii), (iv), and (v) of
                subparagraph (B)--
                          ``(I) may not be used in the system of
                      meaningful differentiation of all public schools
                      as described in subparagraph (C) for such school
                      year; and
                          ``(II) shall be used for the purpose of
                      reporting on the State and local educational
                      agency report cards under subsection (h) for such
                      school year.
                    ``(ii) In the case of a high school student who has
                not attended the same school within a local educational
                agency for at least half of a school year and has exited
                high school without a regular high school diploma and
                without transferring to another high school that grants
                a regular high school diploma during such school year, 
                the local educational agency shall, in order to
                calculate the graduation rate pursuant to subparagraph
                (B)(iii), assign such student to the high school--
                          ``(I) at which such student was enrolled for
                      the greatest proportion of school days while
                      enrolled in grades 9 through 12; or
                          ``(II) in which the student was most recently
                      enrolled.
            ``(5) Accountability for charter schools.--The
        accountability provisions under this Act shall be overseen for
        charter schools in accordance with State charter school law.

    ``(d) School Support and Improvement Activities.--
            ``(1) Comprehensive support and improvement.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State educational agency
                receiving funds under this part shall notify each local
                educational agency in the State of any school served by
                the local educational agency that is identified for
                comprehensive support and improvement under subsection
                (c)(4)(D)(i).
                    ``(B) Local educational agency action.--Upon
                receiving such information from the State, the local
                educational agency shall, for each school identified by
                the State and in partnership with stakeholders
                (including principals and other school leaders, 
                teachers, and parents), locally develop and implement a
                comprehensive support and improvement plan for the
                school to improve student outcomes, that--
                          ``(i) is informed by all indicators described
                      in subsection (c)(4)(B), including student
                      performance against State-determined long-term
                      goals;
                          ``(ii) includes evidence-based interventions;
                          ``(iii) is based on a school-level needs
                      assessment;
                          ``(iv) identifies resource inequities, which
                      may include a review of local educational agency
                      and school-level budgeting, to be addressed
                      through implementation of such comprehensive
                      support and improvement plan;
                          ``(v) is approved by the school, local
                      educational agency, and State educational agency; 
                      and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1839]]

                          ``(vi) upon approval and implementation, is
                      monitored and periodically reviewed by the State
                      educational agency.
                    ``(C) State educational agency discretion.--With
                respect to any high school in the State identified under
                subsection (c)(4)(D)(i)(II), the State educational
                agency may--
                          ``(i) permit differentiated improvement
                      activities that utilize evidence-based
                      interventions in the case of such a school that
                      predominantly serves students--
                                    ``(I) returning to education after
                                having exited secondary school without a
                                regular high school diploma; or
                                    ``(II) who, based on their grade or
                                age, are significantly off track to
                                accumulate sufficient academic credits
                                to meet high school graduation
                                requirements, as established by the
                                State; and
                          ``(ii) in the case of such a school that has a
                      total enrollment of less than 100 students, permit
                      the local educational agency to forego
                      implementation of improvement activities required
                      under this paragraph.
                    ``(D) Public school choice.--
                          ``(i) In general.--A local educational agency
                      may provide all students enrolled in a school
                      identified by the State for comprehensive support
                      and improvement under subsection (c)(4)(D)(i) with
                      the option to transfer to another public school
                      served by the local educational agency, unless
                      such an option is prohibited by State law.
                          ``(ii) Priority.--In providing students the
                      option to transfer to another public school, the
                      local educational agency shall give priority to
                      the lowest-achieving children from low-income
                      families, as determined by the local educational
                      agency for the purposes of allocating funds to
                      schools under section 1113(a)(3).
                          ``(iii) Treatment.--A student who uses the
                      option to transfer to another public school shall
                      be enrolled in classes and other activities in the
                      public school to which the student transfers in
                      the same manner as all other students at the
                      public school.
                          ``(iv) Special rule.--A local educational
                      agency shall permit a student who transfers to
                      another public school under this paragraph to
                      remain in that school until the student has
                      completed the highest grade in that school.
                          ``(v) Funding for transportation.--A local
                      educational agency may spend an amount equal to
                      not more than 5 percent of its allocation under
                      subpart 2 of this part to pay for the provision of
                      transportation for students who transfer under
                      this paragraph to the public schools to which the
                      students transfer.
            ``(2) Targeted support and improvement.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State educational agency
                receiving funds under this part shall, using the
                meaningful differentiation of schools described in
                subsection (c)(4)(C)--
                          ``(i) notify each local educational agency in
                      the State of any school served by the local
                      educational

[[Page 129 STAT. 1840]]

                      agency in which any subgroup of students is
                      consistently underperforming, as described in
                      subsection (c)(4)(C)(iii); and
                          ``(ii) ensure such local educational agency
                      provides notification to such school with respect
                      to which subgroup or subgroups of students in such
                      school are consistently underperforming as
                      described in subsection (c)(4)(C)(iii).
                    ``(B) Targeted support and improvement plan.--Each
                school receiving a notification described in this
                paragraph, in partnership with stakeholders (including
                principals and other school leaders, teachers and
                parents), shall develop and implement a school-level
                targeted support and improvement plan to improve student
                outcomes based on the indicators in the statewide
                accountability system established under subsection
                (c)(4), for each subgroup of students that was the
                subject of notification that--
                          ``(i) is informed by all indicators described
                      in subsection (c)(4)(B), including student
                      performance against long-term goals;
                          ``(ii) includes evidence-based interventions;
                          ``(iii) is approved by the local educational
                      agency prior to implementation of such plan;
                          ``(iv) is monitored, upon submission and
                      implementation, by the local educational agency; 
                      and
                          ``(v) results in additional action following
                      unsuccessful implementation of such plan after a
                      number of years determined by the local
                      educational agency.
                    ``(C) Additional targeted support.--A plan described
                in subparagraph (B) that is developed and implemented in
                any school receiving a notification under this paragraph
                from the local educational agency in which any subgroup
                of students, on its own, would lead to identification
                under subsection (c)(4)(D)(i)(I) using the State's
                methodology under subsection (c)(4)(D) shall also
                identify resource inequities (which may include a review
                of local educational agency and school level budgeting), 
                to be addressed through implementation of such plan.
                    ``(D) Special rule.--The State educational agency, 
                based on the State's differentiation of schools under
                subsection (c)(4)(C) for school year 2017-2018, shall
                notify local educational agencies of any schools served
                by the local educational agency in which any subgroup of
                students, on its own, would lead to identification under
                subsection (c)(4)(D)(i)(I) using the State's methodology
                under subsection (c)(4)(D), after which notification of
                such schools under this paragraph shall result from
                differentiation of schools pursuant to subsection
                (c)(4)(C)(iii).
            ``(3) Continued support for school and local educational
        agency improvement.--To ensure continued progress to improve
        student academic achievement and school success in the State, 
        the State educational agency--
                    ``(A) shall--
                          ``(i) establish statewide exit criteria for--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1841]]

                                    ``(I) schools identified by the
                                State for comprehensive support and
                                improvement under subsection
                                (c)(4)(D)(i), which, if not satisfied
                                within a State-determined number of
                                years (not to exceed four years), shall
                                result in more rigorous State-determined
                                action, such as the implementation of
                                interventions (which may include
                                addressing school-level operations); and
                                    ``(II) schools described in
                                paragraph (2)(C), which, if not
                                satisfied within a State-determined
                                number of years, shall, in the case of
                                such schools receiving assistance under
                                this part, result in identification of
                                the school by the State for
                                comprehensive support and improvement
                                under subsection (c)(4)(D)(i)(III);
                          ``(ii) periodically review resource allocation
                      to support school improvement in each local
                      educational agency in the State serving--
                                    ``(I) a significant number of
                                schools identified for comprehensive
                                support and improvement under subsection
                                (c)(4)(D)(i); and
                                    ``(II) a significant number of
                                schools implementing targeted support
                                and improvement plans under paragraph
                                (2); and
                          ``(iii) provide technical assistance to each
                      local educational agency in the State serving a
                      significant number of--
                                    ``(I) schools implementing
                                comprehensive support and improvement
                                plans under paragraph (1); or
                                    ``(II) schools implementing targeted
                                support and improvement plans under
                                paragraph (2); and
                    ``(B) may--
                          ``(i) take action to initiate additional
                      improvement in any local educational agency with--
                                    ``(I) a significant number of
                                schools that are consistently identified
                                by the State for comprehensive support
                                and improvement under subsection
                                (c)(4)(D)(i) and not meeting exit
                                criteria established by the State under
                                subparagraph (A)(i)(I); or
                                    ``(II) a significant number of
                                schools implementing targeted support
                                and improvement plans under paragraph
                                (2); and
                          ``(ii) consistent with State law, establish
                      alternative evidence-based State determined
                      strategies that can be used by local educational
                      agencies to assist a school identified for
                      comprehensive support and improvement under
                      subsection (c)(4)(D)(i).
            ``(4) Rule of construction for collective bargaining.--
        Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to alter or
        otherwise affect the rights, remedies, and procedures afforded
        to school or local educational agency employees under Federal, 
        State, or local laws (including applicable regulations or court
        orders) or under the terms of collective bargaining agreements, 
        memoranda of understanding, or other agreements between such
        employers and their employees.

    ``(e) Prohibition.--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1842]]

            ``(1) In general.--Nothing in this Act shall be construed to
        authorize or permit the Secretary--
                    ``(A) when promulgating any rule or regulation, to
                promulgate any rule or regulation on the development or
                implementation of the statewide accountability system
                established under this section that would--
                          ``(i) add new requirements that are
                      inconsistent with or outside the scope of this
                      part;
                          ``(ii) add new criteria that are inconsistent
                      with or outside the scope of this part; or
                          ``(iii) be in excess of statutory authority
                      granted to the Secretary;
                    ``(B) as a condition of approval of the State plan, 
                or revisions or amendments to, the State plan, or
                approval of a waiver request submitted under section
                8401, to--
                          ``(i) require a State to add any requirements
                      that are inconsistent with or outside the scope of
                      this part;
                          ``(ii) require a State to add or delete one or
                      more specific elements of the challenging State
                      academic standards; or
                          ``(iii) prescribe--
                                    ``(I) numeric long-term goals or
                                measurements of interim progress that
                                States establish for all students, for
                                any subgroups of students, and for
                                English learners with respect to English
                                language proficiency, under this part, 
                                including--
                                            ``(aa) the length of terms
                                        set by States in designing such
                                        goals; or
                                            ``(bb) the progress expected
                                        from any subgroups of students
                                        in meeting such goals;
                                    ``(II) specific academic assessments
                                or assessment items that States or local
                                educational agencies use to meet the
                                requirements of subsection (b)(2) or
                                otherwise use to measure student
                                academic achievement or student growth
                                under this part;
                                    ``(III) indicators that States use
                                within the State accountability system
                                under this section, including any
                                requirement to measure student growth, 
                                or, if a State chooses to measure
                                student growth, the specific metrics
                                used to measure such growth under this
                                part;
                                    ``(IV) the weight of any measure or
                                indicator used to identify or
                                meaningfully differentiate schools, 
                                under this part;
                                    ``(V) the specific methodology used
                                by States to meaningfully differentiate
                                or identify schools under this part;
                                    ``(VI) any specific school support
                                and improvement strategies or activities
                                that State or local educational agencies
                                establish and implement to intervene in, 
                                support, and improve schools and improve
                                student outcomes under this part;
                                    ``(VII) exit criteria established by
                                States under subsection (d)(3)(A)(i);
                                    ``(VIII) provided that the State
                                meets the requirements in subsection
                                (c)(3), a minimum

[[Page 129 STAT. 1843]]

                                number of students established by a
                                State under such subsection;
                                    ``(IX) any aspect or parameter of a
                                teacher, principal, or other school
                                leader evaluation system within a State
                                or local educational agency;
                                    ``(X) indicators or specific
                                measures of teacher, principal, or other
                                school leader effectiveness or quality; 
                                or
                                    ``(XI) the way in which the State
                                factors the requirement under subsection
                                (c)(4)(E)(i) into the statewide
                                accountability system under this
                                section; or
                    ``(C) to issue new non-regulatory guidance that--
                          ``(i) in seeking to provide explanation of
                      requirements under this section for State or local
                      educational agencies, either in response to
                      requests for information or in anticipation of
                      such requests, provides a strictly limited or
                      exhaustive list to illustrate successful
                      implementation of provisions under this section; 
                      or
                          ``(ii) purports to be legally binding; or
                    ``(D) to require data collection under this part
                beyond data derived from existing Federal, State, and
                local reporting requirements.
            ``(2) Defining terms.--In carrying out this part, the
        Secretary shall not, through regulation or as a condition of
        approval of the State plan or revisions or amendments to the
        State plan, promulgate a definition of any term used in this
        part, or otherwise prescribe any specification for any such
        term, that is inconsistent with or outside the scope of this
        part or is in violation of paragraph (1).

    ``(f) Existing State Law.--Nothing in this section shall be
construed to alter any State law or regulation granting parents
authority over schools that repeatedly failed to make adequate yearly
progress under this part, as in effect on the day before the date of the
enactment of the Every Student Succeeds Act.
    ``(g) Other Plan Provisions.--
            ``(1) Descriptions.--Each State plan shall describe--
                    ``(A) how the State will provide assistance to local
                educational agencies and individual elementary schools
                choosing to use funds under this part to support early
                childhood education programs;
                    ``(B) how low-income and minority children enrolled
                in schools assisted under this part are not served at
                disproportionate rates by ineffective, out-of-field, or
                inexperienced teachers, and the measures the State
                educational agency will use to evaluate and publicly
                report the progress of the State educational agency with
                respect to such description (except that nothing in this
                subparagraph shall be construed as requiring a State to
                develop or implement a teacher, principal, or other
                school leader evaluation system);
                    ``(C) how the State educational agency will support
                local educational agencies receiving assistance under
                this part to improve school conditions for student
                learning, including through reducing--
                          ``(i) incidences of bullying and harassment;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1844]]

                          ``(ii) the overuse of discipline practices
                      that remove students from the classroom; and
                          ``(iii) the use of aversive behavioral
                      interventions that compromise student health and
                      safety;
                    ``(D) how the State will support local educational
                agencies receiving assistance under this part in meeting
                the needs of students at all levels of schooling
                (particularly students in the middle grades and high
                school), including how the State will work with such
                local educational agencies to provide effective
                transitions of students to middle grades and high school
                to decrease the risk of students dropping out;
                    ``(E) the steps a State educational agency will take
                to ensure collaboration with the State agency
                responsible for administering the State plans under
                parts B and E of title IV of the Social Security Act (42
                U.S.C. 621 et seq. and 670 et seq.) to ensure the
                educational stability of children in foster care, 
                including assurances that--
                          ``(i) any such child enrolls or remains in
                      such child's school of origin, unless a
                      determination is made that it is not in such
                      child's best interest to attend the school of
                      origin, which decision shall be based on all
                      factors relating to the child's best interest, 
                      including consideration of the appropriateness of
                      the current educational setting and the proximity
                      to the school in which the child is enrolled at
                      the time of placement;
                          ``(ii) when a determination is made that it is
                      not in such child's best interest to remain in the
                      school of origin, the child is immediately
                      enrolled in a new school, even if the child is
                      unable to produce records normally required for
                      enrollment;
                          ``(iii) the enrolling school shall immediately
                      contact the school last attended by any such child
                      to obtain relevant academic and other records; and
                          ``(iv) the State educational agency will
                      designate an employee to serve as a point of
                      contact for child welfare agencies and to oversee
                      implementation of the State agency
                      responsibilities required under this subparagraph, 
                      and such point of contact shall not be the State's
                      Coordinator for Education of Homeless Children and
                      Youths under section 722(d)(3) of the McKinney-
                      Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 
                      11432(d)(3));
                    ``(F) how the State educational agency will provide
                support to local educational agencies in the
                identification, enrollment, attendance, and school
                stability of homeless children and youths; and
                    ``(G) such other factors the State educational
                agency determines appropriate to provide students an
                opportunity to achieve the knowledge and skills
                described in the challenging State academic standards.
            ``(2) Assurances.--Each State plan shall contain assurances
        that--
                    ``(A) the State will make public any methods or
                criteria the State is using to measure teacher, 
                principal, or other school leader effectiveness for the
                purpose of meeting the requirements described in
                paragraph (1)(B);

[[Page 129 STAT. 1845]]

                    ``(B) the State educational agency will notify local
                educational agencies, Indian tribes and tribal
                organizations, schools, teachers, parents, and the
                public of the challenging State academic standards, 
                academic assessments, and State accountability system, 
                developed under this section;
                    ``(C) the State educational agency will assist each
                local educational agency and school affected by the
                State plan to meet the requirements of this part;
                    ``(D) the State will participate in the biennial
                State academic assessments in reading and mathematics in
                grades 4 and 8 of the National Assessment of Educational
                Progress carried out under section 303(b)(3) of the
                National Assessment of Educational Progress
                Authorization Act (20 U.S.C. 9622(b)(3)) if the
                Secretary pays the costs of administering such
                assessments;
                    ``(E) the State educational agency will modify or
                eliminate State fiscal and accounting barriers so that
                schools can easily consolidate funds from other Federal, 
                State, and local sources to improve educational
                opportunities and reduce unnecessary fiscal and
                accounting requirements;
                    ``(F) the State educational agency will support the
                collection and dissemination to local educational
                agencies and schools of effective parent and family
                engagement strategies, including those included in the
                parent and family engagement policy under section 1116;
                    ``(G) the State educational agency will provide the
                least restrictive and burdensome regulations for local
                educational agencies and individual schools
                participating in a program assisted under this part;
                    ``(H) the State educational agency will ensure that
                local educational agencies, in developing and
                implementing programs under this part, will, to the
                extent feasible, work in consultation with outside
                intermediary organizations (such as educational service
                agencies), or individuals, that have practical expertise
                in the development or use of evidence-based strategies
                and programs to improve teaching, learning, and schools;
                    ``(I) the State educational agency has appropriate
                procedures and safeguards in place to ensure the
                validity of the assessment process;
                    ``(J) the State educational agency will ensure that
                all teachers and paraprofessionals working in a program
                supported with funds under this part meet applicable
                State certification and licensure requirements, 
                including any requirements for certification obtained
                through alternative routes to certification;
                    ``(K) the State educational agency will coordinate
                activities funded under this part with other Federal
                activities as appropriate;
                    ``(L) the State educational agency has involved the
                committee of practitioners established under section
                1603(b) in developing the plan and monitoring its
                implementation;
                    ``(M) the State has professional standards for
                paraprofessionals working in a program supported with
                funds under this part, including qualifications that
                were in place

[[Page 129 STAT. 1846]]

                on the day before the date of enactment of the Every
                Student Succeeds Act; and
                    ``(N) the State educational agency will provide the
                information described in clauses (ii), (iii), and (vii) 
                of subsection (h)(1)(C) to the public in an easily
                accessible and user-friendly manner that can be cross-
                tabulated by, at a minimum, each major racial and ethnic
                group, gender, English proficiency status, and children
                with or without disabilities, which--
                          ``(i) may be accomplished by including such
                      information on the annual State report card
                      described subsection (h)(1)(C); and
                          ``(ii) shall be presented in a manner that--
                                    ``(I) is first anonymized and does
                                not reveal personally identifiable
                                information about an individual student;
                                    ``(II) does not include a number of
                                students in any subgroup of students
                                that is insufficient to yield
                                statistically reliable information or
                                that would reveal personally
                                identifiable information about an
                                individual student; and
                                    ``(III) is consistent with the
                                requirements of section 444 of the
                                General Education Provisions Act (20
                                U.S.C. 1232g, commonly known as the
                                `Family Educational Rights and Privacy
                                Act of 1974').
            ``(3) Rules of construction.--Nothing in paragraph (2)(N) 
        shall be construed to--
                    ``(A) require groups of students obtained by any
                entity that cross-tabulates the information provided
                under such paragraph to be considered subgroups of
                students, as defined in subsection (c)(2), for the
                purposes of the State accountability system under
                subsection (c); or
                    ``(B) require or prohibit States or local
                educational agencies from publicly reporting data in a
                cross-tabulated manner, in order to meet the
                requirements of paragraph (2)(N).
            ``(4) Technical assistance.--Upon request by a State
        educational agency, the Secretary shall provide technical
        assistance to such agency to--
                    ``(A) meet the requirements of paragraph (2)(N); or
                    ``(B) in the case of a State educational agency
                choosing, at its sole discretion, to disaggregate data
                described in clauses (ii) and (iii)(II) of subsection
                (h)(1)(C) for Asian and Native Hawaiian or Pacific
                Islander students using the same race response
                categories as the decennial census of the population, 
                assist such State educational agency in such
                disaggregation and in using such data to improve
                academic outcomes for such students.

    ``(h) Reports.--
            ``(1) Annual state report card.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A State that receives assistance
                under this part shall prepare and disseminate widely to
                the public an annual State report card for the State as
                a whole that meets the requirements of this paragraph.
                    ``(B) Implementation.--The State report card
                required under this paragraph shall be--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1847]]

                          ``(i) concise;
                          ``(ii) presented in an understandable and
                      uniform format that is developed in consultation
                      with parents and, to the extent practicable, in a
                      language that parents can understand; and
                          ``(iii) widely accessible to the public, which
                      shall include making available on a single webpage
                      of the State educational agency's website, the
                      State report card, all local educational agency
                      report cards for each local educational agency in
                      the State required under paragraph (2), and the
                      annual report to the Secretary under paragraph
                      (5).
                    ``(C) Minimum requirements.--Each State report card
                required under this subsection shall include the
                following information:
                          ``(i) A clear and concise description of the
                      State's accountability system under subsection
                      (c), including--
                                    ``(I) the minimum number of students
                                that the State determines are necessary
                                to be included in each of the subgroups
                                of students, as defined in subsection
                                (c)(2), for use in the accountability
                                system;
                                    ``(II) the long-term goals and
                                measurements of interim progress for all
                                students and for each of the subgroups
                                of students, as defined in subsection
                                (c)(2);
                                    ``(III) the indicators described in
                                subsection (c)(4)(B) used to
                                meaningfully differentiate all public
                                schools in the State;
                                    ``(IV) the State's system for
                                meaningfully differentiating all public
                                schools in the State, including--
                                            ``(aa) the specific weight
                                        of the indicators described in
                                        subsection (c)(4)(B) in such
                                        differentiation;
                                            ``(bb) the methodology by
                                        which the State differentiates
                                        all such schools;
                                            ``(cc) the methodology by
                                        which the State differentiates a
                                        school as consistently
                                        underperforming for any subgroup
                                        of students described in section
                                        (c)(4)(C)(iii), including the
                                        time period used by the State to
                                        determine consistent
                                        underperformance; and
                                            ``(dd) the methodology by
                                        which the State identifies a
                                        school for comprehensive support
                                        and improvement as required
                                        under subsection (c)(4)(D)(i);
                                    ``(V) the number and names of all
                                public schools in the State identified
                                by the State for comprehensive support
                                and improvement under subsection
                                (c)(4)(D)(i) or implementing targeted
                                support and improvement plans under
                                subsection (d)(2); and
                                    ``(VI) the exit criteria established
                                by the State as required under clause
                                (i) of subsection (d)(3)(A), including
                                the length of years established under
                                clause (i)(II) of such subsection.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1848]]

                          ``(ii) For all students and disaggregated by
                      each subgroup of students described in subsection
                      (b)(2)(B)(xi), homeless status, status as a child
                      in foster care, and status as a student with a
                      parent who is a member of the Armed Forces (as
                      defined in section 101(a)(4) of title 10, United
                      States Code) on active duty (as defined in section
                      101(d)(5) of such title), information on student
                      achievement on the academic assessments described
                      in subsection (b)(2) at each level of achievement, 
                      as determined by the State under subsection
                      (b)(1).
                          ``(iii) For all students and disaggregated by
                      each of the subgroups of students, as defined in
                      subsection (c)(2), and for purposes of subclause
                      (II) of this clause, homeless status and status as
                      a child in foster care--
                                    ``(I) information on the performance
                                on the other academic indicator under
                                subsection (c)(4)(B)(ii) for public
                                elementary schools and secondary schools
                                that are not high schools, used by the
                                State in the State accountability
                                system; and
                                    ``(II) high school graduation rates, 
                                including four-year adjusted cohort
                                graduation rates and, at the State's
                                discretion, extended-year adjusted
                                cohort graduation rates.
                          ``(iv) Information on the number and
                      percentage of English learners achieving English
                      language proficiency.
                          ``(v) For all students and disaggregated by
                      each of the subgroups of students, as defined in
                      subsection (c)(2), information on the performance
                      on the other indicator or indicators of school
                      quality or student success under subsection
                      (c)(4)(B)(v) used by the State in the State
                      accountability system.
                          ``(vi) Information on the progress of all
                      students and each subgroup of students, as defined
                      in subsection (c)(2), toward meeting the State-
                      designed long term goals under subsection
                      (c)(4)(A), including the progress of all students
                      and each such subgroup of students against the
                      State measurements of interim progress established
                      under such subsection.
                          ``(vii) For all students and disaggregated by
                      each subgroup of students described in subsection
                      (b)(2)(B)(xi), the percentage of students assessed
                      and not assessed.
                          ``(viii) Information submitted by the State
                      educational agency and each local educational
                      agency in the State, in accordance with data
                      collection conducted pursuant to section 203(c)(1) 
                      of the Department of Education Organization Act
                      (20 U.S.C. 3413(c)(1)), on--
                                    ``(I) measures of school quality, 
                                climate, and safety, including rates of
                                in-school suspensions, out-of-school
                                suspensions, expulsions, school-related
                                arrests, referrals to law enforcement, 
                                chronic absenteeism (including both
                                excused and unexcused absences), 
                                incidences of violence, including
                                bullying and harassment; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1849]]

                                    ``(II) the number and percentage of
                                students enrolled in--
                                            ``(aa) preschool programs; 
                                        and
                                            ``(bb) accelerated
                                        coursework to earn postsecondary
                                        credit while still in high
                                        school, such as Advanced
                                        Placement and International
                                        Baccalaureate courses and
                                        examinations, and dual or
                                        concurrent enrollment programs.
                          ``(ix) The professional qualifications of
                      teachers in the State, including information (that
                      shall be presented in the aggregate and
                      disaggregated by high-poverty compared to low-
                      poverty schools) on the number and percentage of--
                                    ``(I) inexperienced teachers, 
                                principals, and other school leaders;
                                    ``(II) teachers teaching with
                                emergency or provisional credentials; 
                                and
                                    ``(III) teachers who are not
                                teaching in the subject or field for
                                which the teacher is certified or
                                licensed.
                          ``(x) The per-pupil expenditures of Federal, 
                      State, and local funds, including actual personnel
                      expenditures and actual nonpersonnel expenditures
                      of Federal, State, and local funds, disaggregated
                      by source of funds, for each local educational
                      agency and each school in the State for the
                      preceding fiscal year.
                          ``(xi) The number and percentages of students
                      with the most significant cognitive disabilities
                      who take an alternate assessment under subsection
                      (b)(2)(D), by grade and subject.
                          ``(xii) Results on the State academic
                      assessments in reading and mathematics in grades 4
                      and 8 of the National Assessment of Educational
                      Progress carried out under section 303(b)(3) of
                      the National Assessment of Educational Progress
                      Authorization Act (20 U.S.C. 9622(b)(3)), compared
                      to the national average of such results.
                          ``(xiii) Where available, for each high school
                      in the State, and beginning with the report card
                      prepared under this paragraph for 2017, the cohort
                      rate (in the aggregate, and disaggregated for each
                      subgroup of students defined in subsection
                      (c)(2)), at which students who graduate from the
                      high school enroll, for the first academic year
                      that begins after the students' graduation--
                                    ``(I) in programs of public
                                postsecondary education in the State; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) if data are available and to
                                the extent practicable, in programs of
                                private postsecondary education in the
                                State or programs of postsecondary
                                education outside the State.
                          ``(xiv) Any additional information that the
                      State believes will best provide parents, 
                      students, and other members of the public with
                      information regarding the progress of each of the
                      State's public elementary schools and secondary
                      schools, which may include the number and
                      percentage of students attaining career

[[Page 129 STAT. 1850]]

                      and technical proficiencies (as defined by section
                      113(b) of the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical
                      Education Act of 2006 (20 U.S.C. 2323(b)) and
                      reported by States only in a manner consistent
                      with section 113(c) of such Act (20 U.S.C. 
                      2323(c)).
                    ``(D) Rules of construction.--Nothing in
                subparagraph (C)(viii) shall be construed as requiring--
                          ``(i) reporting of any data that are not
                      collected in accordance with section 203(c)(1) of
                      the Department of Education Organization Act (20
                      U.S.C. 3413(c)(1); or
                          ``(ii) disaggregation of any data other than
                      as required under subsection (b)(2)(B)(xi).
            ``(2) Annual local educational agency report cards.--
                    ``(A) Preparation and dissemination.--A local
                educational agency that receives assistance under this
                part shall prepare and disseminate an annual local
                educational agency report card that includes information
                on such agency as a whole and each school served by the
                agency.
                    ``(B) Implementation.--Each local educational agency
                report card shall be--
                          ``(i) concise;
                          ``(ii) presented in an understandable and
                      uniform format, and to the extent practicable, in
                      a language that parents can understand; and
                          ``(iii) accessible to the public, which shall
                      include--
                                    ``(I) placing such report card on
                                the website of the local educational
                                agency; and
                                    ``(II) in any case in which a local
                                educational agency does not operate a
                                website, providing the information to
                                the public in another manner determined
                                by the local educational agency.
                    ``(C) Minimum requirements.--The State educational
                agency shall ensure that each local educational agency
                collects appropriate data and includes in the local
                educational agency's annual report the information
                described in paragraph (1)(C), disaggregated in the same
                manner as required under such paragraph, except for
                clause (xii) of such paragraph, as applied to the local
                educational agency and each school served by the local
                educational agency, including--
                          ``(i) in the case of a local educational
                      agency, information that shows how students served
                      by the local educational agency achieved on the
                      academic assessments described in subsection
                      (b)(2) compared to students in the State as a
                      whole;
                          ``(ii) in the case of a school, information
                      that shows how the school's students' achievement
                      on the academic assessments described in
                      subsection (b)(2) compared to students served by
                      the local educational agency and the State as a
                      whole; and
                          ``(iii) any other information that the local
                      educational agency determines is appropriate and
                      will best provide parents, students, and other
                      members of the public with information regarding
                      the progress of each public school served by the
                      local educational agency,

[[Page 129 STAT. 1851]]

                      whether or not such information is included in the
                      annual State report card.
                    ``(D) Additional information.--In the case of a
                local educational agency that issues a report card for
                all students, the local educational agency may include
                the information under this section as part of such
                report.
            ``(3) Preexisting report cards.--A State educational agency
        or local educational agency may use public report cards on the
        performance of students, schools, local educational agencies, or
        the State, that were in effect prior to the date of enactment of
        the Every Student Succeeds Act for the purpose of this
        subsection, so long as any such report card is modified, as may
        be needed, to contain the information required by this
        subsection, and protects the privacy of individual students.
            ``(4) Cost reduction.--Each State educational agency and
        local educational agency receiving assistance under this part
        shall, wherever possible, take steps to reduce data collection
        costs and duplication of effort by obtaining the information
        required under this subsection through existing data collection
        efforts.
            ``(5) Annual state report to the secretary.--Each State
        educational agency receiving assistance under this part shall
        report annually to the Secretary, and make widely available
        within the State--
                    ``(A) information on the achievement of students on
                the academic assessments required by subsection (b)(2), 
                including the disaggregated results for the subgroups of
                students as defined in subsection (c)(2);
                    ``(B) information on the acquisition of English
                proficiency by English learners;
                    ``(C) the number and names of each public school in
                the State--
                          ``(i) identified for comprehensive support and
                      improvement under subsection (c)(4)(D)(i); and
                          ``(ii) implementing targeted support and
                      improvement plans under subsection (d)(2); and
                    ``(D) information on the professional qualifications
                of teachers in the State, including information on the
                number and the percentage of the following teachers:
                          ``(i) Inexperienced teachers.
                          ``(ii) Teachers teaching with emergency or
                      provisional credentials.
                          ``(iii) Teachers who are not teaching in the
                      subject or field for which the teacher is
                      certified or licensed.
            ``(6) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall transmit
        annually to the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the
        House of Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, 
        Labor, and Pensions of the Senate a report that provides
        national and State-level data on the information collected under
        paragraph (5). Such report shall be submitted through electronic
        means only.

    ``(i) Privacy.--
            ``(1) In general.--Information collected or disseminated
        under this section (including any information collected for or
        included in the reports described in subsection (h)) shall be
        collected and disseminated in a manner that protects the privacy
        of individuals consistent with section 444 of the General

[[Page 129 STAT. 1852]]

        Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g, commonly known as the
        `Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974') and this
        Act.
            ``(2) Sufficiency.--The reports described in subsection (h) 
        shall only include data that are sufficient to yield
        statistically reliable information.
            ``(3) Disaggregation.--Disaggregation under this section
        shall not be required if such disaggregation will reveal
        personally identifiable information about any student, teacher, 
        principal, or other school leader, or will provide data that are
        insufficient to yield statistically reliable information.

    ``(j) Voluntary Partnerships.--A State retains the right to enter
into a voluntary partnership with another State to develop and implement
the challenging State academic standards and assessments required under
this section, except that the Secretary shall not attempt to influence, 
incentivize, or coerce State--
            ``(1) adoption of the Common Core State Standards developed
        under the Common Core State Standards Initiative or any other
        academic standards common to a significant number of States, or
        assessments tied to such standards; or
            ``(2) participation in such partnerships.

    ``(k) Special Rule With Respect to Bureau-Funded Schools.--In
determining the assessments to be used by each school operated or funded
by the Bureau of Indian Education receiving funds under this part, the
following shall apply until the requirements of section 8204(c) have
been met:
            ``(1) Each such school that is accredited by the State in
        which it is operating shall use the assessments and other
        academic indicators the State has developed and implemented to
        meet the requirements of this section, or such other appropriate
        assessment and academic indicators as approved by the Secretary
        of the Interior.
            ``(2) Each such school that is accredited by a regional
        accrediting organization (in consultation with and with the
        approval of the Secretary of the Interior, and consistent with
        assessments and academic indicators adopted by other schools in
        the same State or region) shall adopt an appropriate assessment
        and other academic indicators that meet the requirements of this
        section.
            ``(3) Each such school that is accredited by a tribal
        accrediting agency or tribal division of education shall use an
        assessment and other academic indicators developed by such
        agency or division, except that the Secretary of the Interior
        shall ensure that such assessment and academic indicators meet
        the requirements of this section.

    ``(l) Construction.--Nothing in this part shall be construed to
prescribe the use of the academic assessments described in this part for
student promotion or graduation purposes.''


NCLB Text

‘‘Subpart 1—Basic Program Requirements

SEC. 1111. STATE PLANS. <<NOTE: 20 USC 6311.>> 

    ``(a) Plans Required.--
            ``(1) In general.--For any State desiring to receive a grant
        under this part, the State educational agency shall submit to
        the Secretary a plan, developed by the State educational agency, 
        in consultation with local educational agencies, teachers, 
        principals, pupil services personnel, administrators (including
        administrators of programs described in other parts of this
        title), other staff, and parents, that satisfies the
        requirements of this section and that is coordinated with other
        programs under this Act, the Individuals with Disabilities
        Education Act, the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical
        Education Act of 1998, the Head Start Act, the Adult Education
        and Family Literacy Act, and the McKinney-Vento Homeless
        Assistance Act.
            ``(2) Consolidated plan.--A State plan submitted under
        paragraph (1) may be submitted as part of a consolidated plan
        under section 9302.

    ``(b) Academic Standards, Academic Assessments, and
Accountability.--
            ``(1) Challenging academic standards.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State plan shall demonstrate
                that the State has adopted challenging academic content
                standards and challenging student academic achievement

[[Page 115 STAT. 1445]]

                standards that will be used by the State, its local
                educational agencies, and its schools to carry out this
                part, except that a State shall not be required to
                submit such standards to the Secretary.
                    ``(B) Same standards.--The academic standards
                required by subparagraph (A) shall be the same academic
                standards that the State applies to all schools and
                children in the State.
                    ``(C) Subjects.--The State shall have such academic
                standards for all public elementary school and secondary
                school children, including children served under this
                part, in subjects determined by the State, but including
                at least mathematics, reading or language arts, and
                (beginning in the 2005-2006 school year) science, which
                shall include the same knowledge, skills, and levels of
                achievement expected of all children.
                    ``(D) Challenging academic standards.--Standards
                under this paragraph shall include--
                          ``(i) challenging academic content standards
                      in academic subjects that--
                                    ``(I) specify what children are
                                expected to know and be able to do;
                                    ``(II) contain coherent and rigorous
                                content; and
                                    ``(III) encourage the teaching of
                                advanced skills; and
                          ``(ii) challenging student academic
                      achievement standards that--
                                    ``(I) are aligned with the State's
                                academic content standards;
                                    ``(II) describe two levels of high
                                achievement (proficient and advanced) 
                                that determine how well children are
                                mastering the material in the State
                                academic content standards; and
                                    ``(III) describe a third level of
                                achievement (basic) to provide complete
                                information about the progress of the
                                lower-achieving children toward
                                mastering the proficient and advanced
                                levels of achievement.
                    ``(E) Information.--For the subjects in which
                students will be served under this part, but for which a
                State is not required by subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) 
                to develop, and has not otherwise developed, such
                academic standards, the State plan shall describe a
                strategy for ensuring that students are taught the same
                knowledge and skills in such subjects and held to the
                same expectations as are all children.
                    ``(F) Existing standards.--Nothing in this part
                shall prohibit a State from revising, consistent with
                this section, any standard adopted under this part
                before or after the date of enactment of the No Child
                Left Behind Act of 2001.
            ``(2) Accountability.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State plan shall demonstrate
                that the State has developed and is implementing a
                single, statewide State accountability system that will
                be effective in ensuring that all local educational
                agencies, public

[[Page 115 STAT. 1446]]

                elementary schools, and public secondary schools make
                adequate yearly progress as defined under this
                paragraph. Each State accountability system shall--
                          ``(i) be based on the academic standards and
                      academic assessments adopted under paragraphs (1) 
                      and (3), and other academic indicators consistent
                      with subparagraph (C)(vi) and (vii), and shall
                      take into account the achievement of all public
                      elementary school and secondary school students;
                          ``(ii) be the same accountability system the
                      State uses for all public elementary schools and
                      secondary schools or all local educational
                      agencies in the State, except that public
                      elementary schools, secondary schools, and local
                      educational agencies not participating under this
                      part are not subject to the requirements of
                      section 1116; and
                          ``(iii) include sanctions and rewards, such as
                      bonuses and recognition, the State will use to
                      hold local educational agencies and public
                      elementary schools and secondary schools
                      accountable for student achievement and for
                      ensuring that they make adequate yearly progress
                      in accordance with the State's definition under
                      subparagraphs (B) and (C).
                    ``(B) Adequate yearly progress.--Each State plan
                shall demonstrate, based on academic assessments
                described in paragraph (3), and in accordance with this
                paragraph, what constitutes adequate yearly progress of
                the State, and of all public elementary schools, 
                secondary schools, and local educational agencies in the
                State, toward enabling all public elementary school and
                secondary school students to meet the State's student
                academic achievement standards, while working toward the
                goal of narrowing the achievement gaps in the State, 
                local educational agencies, and schools.
                    ``(C) Definition.--`Adequate yearly progress' shall
                be defined by the State in a manner that--
                          ``(i) applies the same high standards of
                      academic achievement to all public elementary
                      school and secondary school students in the State;
                          ``(ii) is statistically valid and reliable;
                          ``(iii) results in continuous and substantial
                      academic improvement for all students;
                          ``(iv) measures the progress of public
                      elementary schools, secondary schools and local
                      educational agencies and the State based primarily
                      on the academic assessments described in paragraph
                      (3);
                          ``(v) includes separate measurable annual
                      objectives for continuous and substantial
                      improvement for each of the following:
                                    ``(I) The achievement of all public
                                elementary school and secondary school
                                students.
                                    ``(II) The achievement of--
                                            ``(aa) economically
                                        disadvantaged students;
                                            ``(bb) students from major
                                        racial and ethnic groups;
                                            ``(cc) students with
                                        disabilities; and

[[Page 115 STAT. 1447]]

                                            ``(dd) students with limited
                                        English proficiency;
                                except that disaggregation of data under
                                subclause (II) shall not be required in
                                a case in which the number of students
                                in a category is insufficient to yield
                                statistically reliable information or
                                the results would reveal personally
                                identifiable information about an
                                individual student;
                          ``(vi) in accordance with subparagraph (D), 
                      includes graduation rates for public secondary
                      school students (defined as the percentage of
                      students who graduate from secondary school with a
                      regular diploma in the standard number of years) 
                      and at least one other academic indicator, as
                      determined by the State for all public elementary
                      school students; and
                          ``(vii) in accordance with subparagraph (D), 
                      at the State's discretion, may also include other
                      academic indicators, as determined by the State
                      for all public school students, measured
                      separately for each group described in clause (v), 
                      such as achievement on additional State or locally
                      administered assessments, decreases in grade-to-
                      grade retention rates, attendance rates, and
                      changes in the percentages of students completing
                      gifted and talented, advanced placement, and
                      college preparatory courses.
                    ``(D) Requirements for other indicators.--In
                carrying out subparagraph (C)(vi) and (vii), the State--
                          ``(i) shall ensure that the indicators
                      described in those provisions are valid and
                      reliable, and are consistent with relevant, 
                      nationally recognized professional and technical
                      standards, if any; and
                          ``(ii) except as provided in subparagraph
                      (I)(i), may not use those indicators to reduce the
                      number of, or change, the schools that would
                      otherwise be subject to school improvement, 
                      corrective action, or restructuring under section
                      1116 if those additional indicators were not used, 
                      but may use them to identify additional schools
                      for school improvement or in need of corrective
                      action or restructuring.
                    ``(E) Starting point.--Each State, using data for
                the 2001-2002 school year, shall establish the starting
                point for measuring, under subparagraphs (G) and (H), 
                the percentage of students meeting or exceeding the
                State's proficient level of academic achievement on the
                State assessments under paragraph (3) and pursuant to
                the timeline described in subparagraph (F). The starting
                point shall be, at a minimum, based on the higher of the
                percentage of students at the proficient level who are
                in--
                          ``(i) the State's lowest achieving group of
                      students described in subparagraph (C)(v)(II); or
                          ``(ii) the school at the 20th percentile in
                      the State, based on enrollment, among all schools
                      ranked by the percentage of students at the
                      proficient level.
                    ``(F) Timeline.--Each State shall establish a
                timeline for adequate yearly progress. The timeline
                shall ensure that not later than 12 years after the end
                of the 2001-2002 school year, all students in each group
                described

[[Page 115 STAT. 1448]]

                in subparagraph (C)(v) will meet or exceed the State's
                proficient level of academic achievement on the State
                assessments under paragraph (3).
                    ``(G) Measurable objectives.--Each State shall
                establish statewide annual measurable objectives, 
                pursuant to subparagraph (C)(v), for meeting the
                requirements of this paragraph, and which--
                          ``(i) shall be set separately for the
                      assessments of mathematics and reading or language
                      arts under subsection (a)(3);
                          ``(ii) shall be the same for all schools and
                      local educational agencies in the State;
                          ``(iii) shall identify a single minimum
                      percentage of students who are required to meet or
                      exceed the proficient level on the academic
                      assessments that applies separately to each group
                      of students described in subparagraph (C)(v);
                          ``(iv) shall ensure that all students will
                      meet or exceed the State's proficient level of
                      academic achievement on the State assessments
                      within the State's timeline under subparagraph
                      (F); and
                          ``(v) may be the same for more than 1 year, 
                      subject to the requirements of subparagraph (H).
                    ``(H) Intermediate goals for annual yearly
                progress.--Each State shall establish intermediate goals
                for meeting the requirements, including the measurable
                objectives in subparagraph (G), of this paragraph and
                that shall--
                          ``(i) increase in equal increments over the
                      period covered by the State's timeline under
                      subparagraph (F);
                          ``(ii) provide for the first increase to occur
                      in not more than 2 years; and
                          ``(iii) provide for each following increase to
                      occur in not more than 3 years.
                    ``(I) Annual improvement for schools.--Each year, 
                for a school to make adequate yearly progress under this
                paragraph--
                          ``(i) each group of students described in
                      subparagraph (C)(v) must meet or exceed the
                      objectives set by the State under subparagraph
                      (G), except that if any group described in
                      subparagraph (C)(v) does not meet those objectives
                      in any particular year, the school shall be
                      considered to have made adequate yearly progress
                      if the percentage of students in that group who
                      did not meet or exceed the proficient level of
                      academic achievement on the State assessments
                      under paragraph (3) for that year decreased by 10
                      percent of that percentage from the preceding
                      school year and that group made progress on one or
                      more of the academic indicators described in
                      subparagraph (C)(vi) or (vii); and
                          ``(ii) not less than 95 percent of each group
                      of students described in subparagraph (C)(v) who
                      are enrolled in the school are required to take
                      the assessments, consistent with paragraph
                      (3)(C)(xi) and with

[[Page 115 STAT. 1449]]

                      accommodations, guidelines, and alternative
                      assessments provided in the same manner as those
                      provided under section 612(a)(17)(A) of the
                      Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and
                      paragraph (3), on which adequate yearly progress
                      is based (except that the 95 percent requirement
                      described in this clause shall not apply in a case
                      in which the number of students in a category is
                      insufficient to yield statistically reliable
                      information or the results would reveal personally
                      identifiable information about an individual
                      student).
                    ``(J) Uniform averaging procedure.--For the purpose
                of determining whether schools are making adequate
                yearly progress, the State may establish a uniform
                procedure for averaging data which includes one or more
                of the following:
                          ``(i) The State may average data from the
                      school year for which the determination is made
                      with data from one or two school years immediately
                      preceding that school year.
                          ``(ii) Until the assessments described in
                      paragraph (3) are administered in such manner and
                      time to allow for the implementation of the
                      uniform procedure for averaging data described in
                      clause (i), the State may use the academic
                      assessments that were required under paragraph (3) 
                      as that paragraph was in effect on the day
                      preceding the date of enactment of the No Child
                      Left Behind Act of 2001, provided that nothing in
                      this clause shall be construed to undermine or
                      delay the determination of adequate yearly
                      progress, the requirements of section 1116, or the
                      implementation of assessments under this section.
                          ``(iii) The State may use data across grades
                      in a school.
                    ``(K) Accountability for charter schools.--The
                accountability provisions under this Act shall be
                overseen for charter schools in accordance with State
                charter school law.
            ``(3) Academic assessments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State plan shall demonstrate
                that the State educational agency, in consultation with
                local educational agencies, has implemented a set of
                high-quality, yearly student academic assessments that
                include, at a minimum, academic assessments in
                mathematics, reading or language arts, and science that
                will be used as the primary means of determining the
                yearly performance of the State and of each local
                educational agency and school in the State in enabling
                all children to meet the State's challenging student
                academic achievement standards, except that no State
                shall be required to meet the requirements of this part
                relating to science assessments until the beginning of
                the 2007-2008 school year.
                    ``(B) Use of assessments.--Each State educational
                agency may incorporate the data from the assessments
                under this paragraph into a State-developed longitudinal
                data system that links student test scores, length of
                enrollment, and graduation records over time.
                    ``(C) Requirements.--Such assessments shall--

[[Page 115 STAT. 1450]]

                          ``(i) be the same academic assessments used to
                      measure the achievement of all children;
                          ``(ii) be aligned with the State's challenging
                      academic content and student academic achievement
                      standards, and provide coherent information about
                      student attainment of such standards;
                          ``(iii) be used for purposes for which such
                      assessments are valid and reliable, and be
                      consistent with relevant, nationally recognized
                      professional and technical standards;
                          ``(iv) be used only if the State educational
                      agency provides to the Secretary evidence from the
                      test publisher or other relevant sources that the
                      assessments used are of adequate technical quality
                      for each purpose required under this Act and are
                      consistent with the requirements of this section, 
                      and such evidence is made public by the Secretary
                      upon request;
                          ``(v)(I) except as otherwise provided for
                      grades 3 through 8 under clause vii, measure the
                      proficiency of students in, at a minimum, 
                      mathematics and reading or language arts, and be
                      administered not less than once during--
                                    ``(aa) grades 3 through 5;
                                    ``(bb) grades 6 through 9; and
                                    ``(cc) grades 10 through 12;
                          ``(II) beginning not later than school year
                      2007-2008, measure the proficiency of all students
                      in science and be administered not less than one
                      time during--
                                    ``(aa) grades 3 through 5;
                                    ``(bb) grades 6 through 9; and
                                    ``(cc) grades 10 through 12;
                          ``(vi) involve multiple up-to-date measures of
                      student academic achievement, including measures
                      that assess higher-order thinking skills and
                      understanding;
                          ``(vii) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  beginning not
                      later than school year 2005-2006, measure the
                      achievement of students against the challenging
                      State academic content and student academic
                      achievement standards in each of grades 3 through
                      8 in, at a minimum, mathematics, and reading or
                      language arts, except that the Secretary may
                      provide the State 1 additional year if the State
                      demonstrates that exceptional or uncontrollable
                      circumstances, such as a natural disaster or a
                      precipitous and unforeseen decline in the
                      financial resources of the State, prevented full
                      implementation of the academic assessments by that
                      deadline and that the State will complete
                      implementation within the additional 1-year
                      period;
                          ``(viii) at the discretion of the State, 
                      measure the proficiency of students in academic
                      subjects not described in clauses (v), (vi), (vii) 
                      in which the State has adopted challenging
                      academic content and academic achievement
                      standards;
                          ``(ix) provide for--
                                    ``(I) the participation in such
                                assessments of all students;
                                    ``(II) the reasonable adaptations
                                and accommodations for students with
                                disabilities (as defined

[[Page 115 STAT. 1451]]

                                under section 602(3) of the Individuals
                                with Disabilities Education Act) 
                                necessary to measure the academic
                                achievement of such students relative to
                                State academic content and State student
                                academic achievement standards; and
                                    ``(III) the inclusion of limited
                                English proficient students, who shall
                                be assessed in a valid and reliable
                                manner and provided reasonable
                                accommodations on assessments
                                administered to such students under this
                                paragraph, including, to the extent
                                practicable, assessments in the language
                                and form most likely to yield accurate
                                data on what such students know and can
                                do in academic content areas, until such
                                students have achieved English language
                                proficiency as determined under
                                paragraph (7);
                          ``(x) notwithstanding subclause (III), the
                      academic assessment (using tests written in
                      English) of reading or language arts of any
                      student who has attended school in the United
                      States (not including Puerto Rico) for three or
                      more consecutive school years, except that if the
                      local educational agency determines, on a case-by-
                      case individual basis, that academic assessments
                      in another language or form would likely yield
                      more accurate and reliable information on what
                      such student knows and can do, the local
                      educational agency may make a determination to
                      assess such student in the appropriate language
                      other than English for a period that does not
                      exceed two additional consecutive years, provided
                      that such student has not yet reached a level of
                      English language proficiency sufficient to yield
                      valid and reliable information on what such
                      student knows and can do on tests (written in
                      English) of reading or language arts;
                          ``(xi) include students who have attended
                      schools in a local educational agency for a full
                      academic year but have not attended a single
                      school for a full academic year, except that the
                      performance of students who have attended more
                      than 1 school in the local educational agency in
                      any academic year shall be used only in
                      determining the progress of the local educational
                      agency;
                          ``(xii) produce individual student
                      interpretive, descriptive, and diagnostic reports, 
                      consistent with clause (iii) that allow parents, 
                      teachers, and principals to understand and address
                      the specific academic needs of students, and
                      include information regarding achievement on
                      academic assessments aligned with State academic
                      achievement standards, and that are provided to
                      parents, teachers, and principals, as soon as is
                      practicably possible after the assessment is
                      given, in an understandable and uniform format, 
                      and to the extent practicable, in a language that
                      parents can understand;
                          ``(xiii) enable results to be disaggregated
                      within each State, local educational agency, and
                      school by gender, by each major racial and ethnic
                      group, by

[[Page 115 STAT. 1452]]

                      English proficiency status, by migrant status, by
                      students with disabilities as compared to
                      nondisabled students, and by economically
                      disadvantaged students as compared to students who
                      are not economically disadvantaged, except that, 
                      in the case of a local educational agency or a
                      school, such disaggregation shall not be required
                      in a case in which the number of students in a
                      category is insufficient to yield statistically
                      reliable information or the results would reveal
                      personally identifiable information about an
                      individual student;
                          ``(xiv) be consistent with widely accepted
                      professional testing standards, objectively
                      measure academic achievement, knowledge, and
                      skills, and be tests that do not evaluate or
                      assess personal or family beliefs and attitudes, 
                      or publicly disclose personally identifiable
                      information; and
                          ``(xv) enable itemized score analyses to be
                      produced and reported, consistent with clause
                      (iii), to local educational agencies and schools, 
                      so that parents, teachers, principals, and
                      administrators can interpret and address the
                      specific academic needs of students as indicated
                      by the students' achievement on assessment items.
                    ``(D) Deferral.--A State may defer the commencement, 
                or suspend the administration, but not cease the
                development, of the assessments described in this
                paragraph, that were not required prior to the date of
                enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, for 1
                year for each year for which the amount appropriated for
                grants under section 6113(a)(2) is less than--
                          ``(i) $370,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;
                          ``(ii) $380,000,000 for fiscal year 2003;
                          ``(iii) $390,000,000 for fiscal year 2004; and
                          ``(iv) $400,000,000 for fiscal years 2005
                      through 2007.
            ``(4) Special rule.--Academic assessment measures in
        addition to those in paragraph (3) that do not meet the
        requirements of such paragraph may be included in the assessment
        under paragraph (3) as additional measures, but may not be used
        in lieu of the academic assessments required under paragraph
        (3). Such additional assessment measures may not be used to
        reduce the number of or change, the schools that would otherwise
        be subject to school improvement, corrective action, or
        restructuring under section 1116 if such additional indicators
        were not used, but may be used to identify additional schools
        for school improvement or in need of corrective action or
        restructuring except as provided in paragraph (2)(I)(i).
            ``(5) State authority.--If a State educational agency
        provides evidence, which is satisfactory to the Secretary, that
        neither the State educational agency nor any other State
        government official, agency, or entity has sufficient authority, 
        under State law, to adopt curriculum content and student
        academic achievement standards, and academic assessments aligned
        with such academic standards, which will be applicable to all
        students enrolled in the State's public elementary schools

[[Page 115 STAT. 1453]]

        and secondary schools, then the State educational agency may
        meet the requirements of this subsection by--
                    ``(A) adopting academic standards and academic
                assessments that meet the requirements of this
                subsection, on a statewide basis, and limiting their
                applicability to students served under this part; or
                    ``(B) adopting and implementing policies that ensure
                that each local educational agency in the State that
                receives grants under this part will adopt curriculum
                content and student academic achievement standards, and
                academic assessments aligned with such standards, 
                which--
                          ``(i) meet all of the criteria in this
                      subsection and any regulations regarding such
                      standards and assessments that the Secretary may
                      publish; and
                          ``(ii) are applicable to all students served
                      by each such local educational agency.
            ``(6) Language assessments.--Each State plan shall identify
        the languages other than English that are present in the
        participating student population and indicate the languages for
        which yearly student academic assessments are not available and
        are needed. The State shall make every effort to develop such
        assessments and may request assistance from the Secretary if
        linguistically accessible academic assessment measures are
        needed. Upon request, the Secretary shall assist with the
        identification of appropriate academic assessment measures in
        the needed languages, but shall not mandate a specific academic
        assessment or mode of instruction.
            ``(7) Academic assessments of english language
        proficiency. <<NOTE: Deadline.>> --Each State plan shall
        demonstrate that local educational agencies in the State will, 
        beginning not later than school year 2002-2003, provide for an
        annual assessment of English proficiency (measuring students' 
        oral language, reading, and writing skills in English) of all
        students with limited English proficiency in the schools served
        by the State educational agency, except that the Secretary may
        provide the State 1 additional year if the State demonstrates
        that exceptional or uncontrollable circumstances, such as a
        natural disaster or a precipitous and unforeseen decline in the
        financial resources of the State, prevented full implementation
        of this paragraph by that deadline and that the State will
        complete implementation within the additional 1-year period.
            ``(8) Requirement.--Each State plan shall describe--
                    ``(A) how the State educational agency will assist
                each local educational agency and school affected by the
                State plan to develop the capacity to comply with each
                of the requirements of sections 1112(c)(1)(D), 1114(b), 
                and 1115(c) that is applicable to such agency or school;
                    ``(B) how the State educational agency will assist
                each local educational agency and school affected by the
                State plan to provide additional educational assistance
                to individual students assessed as needing help to
                achieve the State's challenging academic achievement
                standards;
                    ``(C) the specific steps the State educational
                agency will take to ensure that both schoolwide programs
                and targeted assistance schools provide instruction by
                highly qualified instructional staff as required by
                sections 1114(b)(1)(C) and 1115(c)(1)(E), including
                steps that the

[[Page 115 STAT. 1454]]

                State educational agency will take to ensure that poor
                and minority children are not taught at higher rates
                than other children by inexperienced, unqualified, or
                out-of-field teachers, and the measures that the State
                educational agency will use to evaluate and publicly
                report the progress of the State educational agency with
                respect to such steps;
                    ``(D) an assurance that the State educational agency
                will assist local educational agencies in developing or
                identifying high-quality effective curricula aligned
                with State academic achievement standards and how the
                State educational agency will disseminate such curricula
                to each local educational agency and school within the
                State; and
                    ``(E) such other factors the State educational
                agency determines appropriate to provide students an
                opportunity to achieve the knowledge and skills
                described in the challenging academic content standards
                adopted by the State.
            ``(9) Factors affecting student achievement.--Each State
        plan shall include an assurance that the State educational
        agency will coordinate and collaborate, to the extent feasible
        and necessary as determined by the State educational agency, 
        with agencies providing services to children, youth, and
        families, with respect to local educational agencies within the
        State that are identified under section 1116 and that request
        assistance with addressing major factors that have significantly
        affected the academic achievement of students in the local
        educational agency or schools served by such agency.
            ``(10) Use of academic assessment results to improve student
        academic achievement.--Each State plan shall describe how the
        State educational agency will ensure that the results of the
        State assessments described in paragraph (3)--
                    ``(A) will be promptly provided to local educational
                agencies, schools, and teachers in a manner that is
                clear and easy to understand, but not later than before
                the beginning of the next school year; and
                    ``(B) be used by those local educational agencies, 
                schools, and teachers to improve the educational
                achievement of individual students.

    ``(c) Other Provisions To Support Teaching and Learning.--Each State
plan shall contain assurances that--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  the State educational agency will
        meet the requirements of subsection (h)(1) and, beginning with
        the 2002-2003 school year, will produce the annual State report
        cards described in such subsection, except that the Secretary
        may provide the State educational agency 1 additional year if
        the State educational agency demonstrates that exceptional or
        uncontrollable circumstances, such as a natural disaster or a
        precipitous and unforeseen decline in the financial resources of
        the State, prevented full implementation of this paragraph by
        that deadline and that the State will complete implementation
        within the additional 1-year period;
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  the State will, beginning in
        school year 2002-2003, participate in biennial State academic
        assessments of 4th and 8th grade reading and mathematics under
        the National Assessment of Educational Progress carried out
        under section 411(b)(2) of the National Education Statistics Act
        of 1994 if the Secretary pays the costs of administering such
        assessments;

[[Page 115 STAT. 1455]]

            ``(3) the State educational agency, in consultation with the
        Governor, will include, as a component of the State plan, a plan
        to carry out the responsibilities of the State under sections
        1116 and 1117, including carrying out the State educational
        agency's statewide system of technical assistance and support
        for local educational agencies;
            ``(4) the State educational agency will work with other
        agencies, including educational service agencies or other local
        consortia, and institutions to provide technical assistance to
        local educational agencies and schools, including technical
        assistance in providing professional development under section
        1119, technical assistance under section 1117, and technical
        assistance relating to parental involvement under section 1118;
            ``(5)(A) where educational service agencies exist, the State
        educational agency will consider providing professional
        development and technical assistance through such agencies; and
            ``(B) where educational service agencies do not exist, the
        State educational agency will consider providing professional
        development and technical assistance through other cooperative
        agreements such as through a consortium of local educational
        agencies;
            ``(6) <<NOTE: Notification.>>  the State educational agency
        will notify local educational agencies and the public of the
        content and student academic achievement standards and academic
        assessments developed under this section, and of the authority
        to operate schoolwide programs, and will fulfill the State
        educational agency's responsibilities regarding local
        educational agency improvement and school improvement under
        section 1116, including such corrective actions as are
        necessary;
            ``(7) the State educational agency will provide the least
        restrictive and burdensome regulations for local educational
        agencies and individual schools participating in a program
        assisted under this part;
            ``(8) the State educational agency will inform the Secretary
        and the public of how Federal laws, if at all, hinder the
        ability of States to hold local educational agencies and schools
        accountable for student academic achievement;
            ``(9) the State educational agency will encourage schools to
        consolidate funds from other Federal, State, and local sources
        for schoolwide reform in schoolwide programs under section 1114;
            ``(10) the State educational agency will modify or eliminate
        State fiscal and accounting barriers so that schools can easily
        consolidate funds from other Federal, State, and local sources
        for schoolwide programs under section 1114;
            ``(11) the State educational agency has involved the
        committee of practitioners established under section 1903(b) in
        developing the plan and monitoring its implementation;
            ``(12) the State educational agency will inform local
        educational agencies in the State of the local educational
        agency's authority to transfer funds under title VI, to obtain
        waivers under part D of title IX, and, if the State is an Ed-
        Flex Partnership State, to obtain waivers under the Education
        Flexibility Partnership Act of 1999;
            ``(13) the State educational agency will coordinate
        activities funded under this part with other Federal activities
        as appropriate; and

[[Page 115 STAT. 1456]]

            ``(14) the State educational agency will encourage local
        educational agencies and individual schools participating in a
        program assisted under this part to offer family literacy
        services (using funds under this part), if the agency or school
        determines that a substantial number of students served under
        this part by the agency or school have parents who do not have a
        secondary school diploma or its recognized equivalent or who
        have low levels of literacy.

    ``(d) Parental Involvement.--Each State plan shall describe how the
State educational agency will support the collection and dissemination
to local educational agencies and schools of effective parental
involvement practices. Such practices shall--
            ``(1) be based on the most current research that meets the
        highest professional and technical standards, on effective
        parental involvement that fosters achievement to high standards
        for all children; and
            ``(2) be geared toward lowering barriers to greater
        participation by parents in school planning, review, and
        improvement experienced.

    ``(e) Peer Review and Secretarial Approval.--
            ``(1) Secretarial duties.--The Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Establishment.>>  establish a peer-
                review process to assist in the review of State plans;
                    ``(B) appoint individuals to the peer-review process
                who are representative of parents, teachers, State
                educational agencies, and local educational agencies, 
                and who are familiar with educational standards, 
                assessments, accountability, the needs of low-performing
                schools, and other educational needs of students;
                    ``(C) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  approve a State plan
                within 120 days of its submission unless the Secretary
                determines that the plan does not meet the requirements
                of this section;
                    ``(D) if the Secretary determines that the State
                plan does not meet the requirements of subsection (a), 
                (b), or (c), immediately notify the State of such
                determination and the reasons for such determination;
                    ``(E) not decline to approve a State's plan before--
                          ``(i) offering the State an opportunity to
                      revise its plan;
                          ``(ii) providing technical assistance in order
                      to assist the State to meet the requirements of
                      subsections (a), (b), and (c); and
                          ``(iii) providing a hearing; and
                    ``(F) have the authority to disapprove a State plan
                for not meeting the requirements of this part, but shall
                not have the authority to require a State, as a
                condition of approval of the State plan, to include in, 
                or delete from, such plan one or more specific elements
                of the State's academic content standards or to use
                specific academic assessment instruments or items.
            ``(2) State revisions.--A State plan shall be revised by the
        State educational agency if it is necessary to satisfy the
        requirements of this section.

    ``(f) Duration of the Plan.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State plan shall--
                    ``(A) remain in effect for the duration of the
                State's participation under this part; and

[[Page 115 STAT. 1457]]

                    ``(B) be periodically reviewed and revised as
                necessary by the State educational agency to reflect
                changes in the State's strategies and programs under
                this part.
            ``(2) Additional information.--If significant changes are
        made to a State's plan, such as the adoption of new State
        academic content standards and State student achievement
        standards, new academic assessments, or a new definition of
        adequate yearly progress, such information shall be submitted to
        the Secretary.

    ``(g) Penalties.--
            ``(1) Failure to meet deadlines enacted in 1994.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If a State fails to meet the
                deadlines established by the Improving America's Schools
                Act of 1994 (or under any waiver granted by the
                Secretary or under any compliance agreement with the
                Secretary) for demonstrating that the State has in place
                challenging academic content standards and student
                achievement standards, and a system for measuring and
                monitoring adequate yearly progress, the Secretary shall
                withhold 25 percent of the funds that would otherwise be
                available to the State for State administration and
                activities under this part in each year until the
                Secretary determines that the State meets those
                requirements.
                    ``(B) No extension.--Notwithstanding any other
                provision of law, 90 days after the date of enactment of
                the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 the Secretary shall
                not grant any additional waivers of, or enter into any
                additional compliance agreements to extend, the
                deadlines described in subparagraph (A) for any State.
            ``(2) Failure to meet requirements enacted in 2001.--If a
        State fails to meet any of the requirements of this section, 
        other than the requirements described in paragraph (1), then the
        Secretary may withhold funds for State administration under this
        part until the Secretary determines that the State has fulfilled
        those requirements.

    ``(h) Reports.--
            ``(1) Annual state report card.--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later
                than the beginning of the 2002-2003 school year, unless
                the State has received a 1-year extension pursuant to
                subsection (c)(1), a State that receives assistance
                under this part shall prepare and disseminate an annual
                State report card.
                    ``(B) Implementation.--The State report card shall
                be--
                          ``(i) concise; and
                          ``(ii) presented in an understandable and
                      uniform format and, to the extent practicable, 
                      provided in a language that the parents can
                      understand.
                    ``(C) Required information.--The State shall include
                in its annual State report card--
                          ``(i) information, in the aggregate, on
                      student achievement at each proficiency level on
                      the State academic assessments described in
                      subsection (b)(3) (disaggregated by race, 
                      ethnicity, gender, disability status, migrant
                      status, English proficiency, and status as
                      economically disadvantaged, except that such
                      disaggregation shall not be required in a case in
                      which

[[Page 115 STAT. 1458]]

                      the number of students in a category is
                      insufficient to yield statistically reliable
                      information or the results would reveal personally
                      identifiable information about an individual
                      student);
                          ``(ii) information that provides a comparison
                      between the actual achievement levels of each
                      group of students described in subsection
                      (b)(2)(C)(v) and the State's annual measurable
                      objectives for each such group of students on each
                      of the academic assessments required under this
                      part;
                          ``(iii) the percentage of students not tested
                      (disaggregated by the same categories and subject
                      to the same exception described in clause (i));
                          ``(iv) the most recent 2-year trend in student
                      achievement in each subject area, and for each
                      grade level, for which assessments under this
                      section are required;
                          ``(v) aggregate information on any other
                      indicators used by the State to determine the
                      adequate yearly progress of students in achieving
                      State academic achievement standards;
                          ``(vi) graduation rates for secondary school
                      students consistent with subsection (b)(2)(C)(vi);
                          ``(vii) information on the performance of
                      local educational agencies in the State regarding
                      making adequate yearly progress, including the
                      number and names of each school identified for
                      school improvement under section 1116; and
                          ``(viii) the professional qualifications of
                      teachers in the State, the percentage of such
                      teachers teaching with emergency or provisional
                      credentials, and the percentage of classes in the
                      State not taught by highly qualified teachers, in
                      the aggregate and disaggregated by high-poverty
                      compared to low-poverty schools which, for the
                      purpose of this clause, means schools in the top
                      quartile of poverty and the bottom quartile of
                      poverty in the State.
                    ``(D) Optional information.--The State may include
                in its annual State report card such other information
                as the State believes will best provide parents, 
                students, and other members of the public with
                information regarding the progress of each of the
                State's public elementary schools and public secondary
                schools. Such information may include information
                regarding--
                          ``(i) school attendance rates;
                          ``(ii) average class size in each grade;
                          ``(iii) academic achievement and gains in
                      English proficiency of limited English proficient
                      students;
                          ``(iv) the incidence of school violence, drug
                      abuse, alcohol abuse, student suspensions, and
                      student expulsions;
                          ``(v) the extent and type of parental
                      involvement in the schools;
                          ``(vi) the percentage of students completing
                      advanced placement courses, and the rate of
                      passing of advanced placement tests; and

[[Page 115 STAT. 1459]]

                          ``(vii) a clear and concise description of the
                      State's accountability system, including a
                      description of the criteria by which the State
                      evaluates school performance, and the criteria
                      that the State has established, consistent with
                      subsection (b)(2), to determine the status of
                      schools regarding school improvement, corrective
                      action, and restructuring.
            ``(2) Annual local educational agency report cards.--
                    ``(A) Report cards.--
                          ``(i) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not
                      later than the beginning of the 2002-2003 school
                      year, a local educational agency that receives
                      assistance under this part shall prepare and
                      disseminate an annual local educational agency
                      report card, except that the State educational
                      agency may provide the local educational agency 1
                      additional year if the local educational agency
                      demonstrates that exceptional or uncontrollable
                      circumstances, such as a natural disaster or a
                      precipitous and unforeseen decline in the
                      financial resources of the local educational
                      agency, prevented full implementation of this
                      paragraph by that deadline and that the local
                      educational agency will complete implementation
                      within the additional 1-year period.
                          ``(ii) Special rule.--If a State educational
                      agency has received an extension pursuant to
                      subsection (c)(1), then a local educational agency
                      within that State shall not be required to include
                      the information required under paragraph (1)(C) in
                      such report card during such extension.
                    ``(B) Minimum requirements.--The State educational
                agency shall ensure that each local educational agency
                collects appropriate data and includes in the local
                educational agency's annual report the information
                described in paragraph (1)(C) as applied to the local
                educational agency and each school served by the local
                educational agency, and--
                          ``(i) in the case of a local educational
                      agency--
                                    ``(I) the number and percentage of
                                schools identified for school
                                improvement under section 1116(c) and
                                how long the schools have been so
                                identified; and
                                    ``(II) information that shows how
                                students served by the local educational
                                agency achieved on the statewide
                                academic assessment compared to students
                                in the State as a whole; and
                          ``(ii) in the case of a school--
                                    ``(I) whether the school has been
                                identified for school improvement; and
                                    ``(II) information that shows how
                                the school's students achievement on the
                                statewide academic assessments and other
                                indicators of adequate yearly progress
                                compared to students in the local
                                educational agency and the State as a
                                whole.
                    ``(C) Other information.--A local educational agency
                may include in its annual local educational agency
                report card any other appropriate information, whether
                or not

[[Page 115 STAT. 1460]]

                such information is included in the annual State report
                card.
                    ``(D) Data.--A local educational agency or school
                shall only include in its annual local educational
                agency report card data that are sufficient to yield
                statistically reliable information, as determined by the
                State, and that do not reveal personally identifiable
                information about an individual student.
                    ``(E) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Public dissemination.--
                The local educational agency shall, not later than the
                beginning of the 2002-2003 school year, unless the local
                educational agency has received a 1-year extension
                pursuant to subparagraph (A), publicly disseminate the
                information described in this paragraph to all schools
                in the school district served by the local educational
                agency and to all parents of students attending those
                schools in an understandable and uniform format and, to
                the extent practicable, provided in a language that the
                parents can understand, and make the information widely
                available through public means, such as posting on the
                Internet, distribution to the media, and distribution
                through public agencies, except that if a local
                educational agency issues a report card for all
                students, the local educational agency may include the
                information under this section as part of such report.
            ``(3) Preexisting report cards.--A State educational agency
        or local educational agency that was providing public report
        cards on the performance of students, schools, local educational
        agencies, or the State prior to the enactment of the No Child
        Left Behind Act of 2001 may use those report cards for the
        purpose of this subsection, so long as any such report card is
        modified, as may be needed, to contain the information required
        by this subsection.
            ``(4) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  Annual state report to the
        secretary.--Each State educational agency receiving assistance
        under this part shall report annually to the Secretary, and make
        widely available within the State--
                    ``(A) beginning with school year 2002-2003, 
                information on the State's progress in developing and
                implementing the academic assessments described in
                subsection (b)(3);
                    ``(B) beginning not later than school year 2002-
                2003, information on the achievement of students on the
                academic assessments required by subsection (b)(3), 
                including the disaggregated results for the categories
                of students identified in subsection (b)(2)(C)(v);
                    ``(C) in any year before the State begins to provide
                the information described in subparagraph (B), 
                information on the results of student academic
                assessments (including disaggregated results) required
                under this section;
                    ``(D) beginning not later than school year 2002-
                2003, unless the State has received an extension
                pursuant to subsection (c)(1), information on the
                acquisition of English proficiency by children with
                limited English proficiency;
                    ``(E) the number and names of each school identified
                for school improvement under section 1116(c), the reason
                why each school was so identified, and the measures
                taken to address the achievement problems of such
                schools;

[[Page 115 STAT. 1461]]

                    ``(F) the number of students and schools that
                participated in public school choice and supplemental
                service programs and activities under this title; and
                    ``(G) beginning not later than the 2002-2003 school
                year, information on the quality of teachers and the
                percentage of classes being taught by highly qualified
                teachers in the State, local educational agency, and
                school.
            ``(5) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall transmit
        annually to the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the
        House of Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, 
        Labor, and Pensions of the Senate a report that provides
        national and State-level data on the information collected under
        paragraph (4).
            ``(6) Parents right-to-know.--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Notification.>>  Qualifications.--At
                the beginning of each school year, a local educational
                agency that receives funds under this part shall notify
                the parents of each student attending any school
                receiving funds under this part that the parents may
                request, and the agency will provide the parents on
                request (and in a timely manner), information regarding
                the professional qualifications of the student's
                classroom teachers, including, at a minimum, the
                following:
                          ``(i) Whether the teacher has met State
                      qualification and licensing criteria for the grade
                      levels and subject areas in which the teacher
                      provides instruction.
                          ``(ii) Whether the teacher is teaching under
                      emergency or other provisional status through
                      which State qualification or licensing criteria
                      have been waived.
                          ``(iii) The baccalaureate degree major of the
                      teacher and any other graduate certification or
                      degree held by the teacher, and the field of
                      discipline of the certification or degree.
                          ``(iv) Whether the child is provided services
                      by paraprofessionals and, if so, their
                      qualifications.
                    ``(B) Additional information.--In addition to the
                information that parents may request under subparagraph
                (A), a school that receives funds under this part shall
                provide to each individual parent--
                          ``(i) information on the level of achievement
                      of the parent's child in each of the State
                      academic assessments as required under this part; 
                      and
                          ``(ii) timely notice that the parent's child
                      has been assigned, or has been taught for four or
                      more consecutive weeks by, a teacher who is not
                      highly qualified.
                    ``(C) Format.--The notice and information provided
                to parents under this paragraph shall be in an
                understandable and uniform format and, to the extent
                practicable, provided in a language that the parents can
                understand.

    ``(i) Privacy.--Information collected under this section shall be
collected and disseminated in a manner that protects the privacy of
individuals.
    ``(j) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary shall provide a State
educational agency, at the State educational agency's request, technical
assistance in meeting the requirements of this section, including the
provision of advice by experts in the development

[[Page 115 STAT. 1462]]

of high-quality academic assessments, the setting of State standards, 
the development of measures of adequate yearly progress that are valid
and reliable, and other relevant areas.
    ``(k) Voluntary Partnerships.--A State may enter into a voluntary
partnership with another State to develop and implement the academic
assessments and standards required under this section.
    ``(l) Construction.--Nothing in this part shall be construed to
prescribe the use of the academic assessments described in this part for
student promotion or graduation purposes.
    ``(m) <<NOTE: Applicability.>>  Special Rule With Respect to Bureau-
Funded Schools.--In determining the assessments to be used by each
operated or funded by BIA school receiving funds under this part, the
following shall apply:
            ``(1) Each such school that is accredited by the State in
        which it is operating shall use the assessments the State has
        developed and implemented to meet the requirements of this
        section, or such other appropriate assessment as approved by the
        Secretary of the Interior.
            ``(2) Each such school that is accredited by a regional
        accrediting organization shall adopt an appropriate assessment, 
        in consultation with and with the approval of, the Secretary of
        the Interior and consistent with assessments adopted by other
        schools in the same State or region, that meets the requirements
        of this section.
            ``(3) Each such school that is accredited by a tribal
        accrediting agency or tribal division of education shall use an
        assessment developed by such agency or division, except that the
        Secretary of the Interior shall ensure that such assessment
        meets the requirements of this section.