SEC. 1008/SEC. 1114

SCHOOLWIDE PROGRAMS

 

 

Section Summary

 


ESSA Update

SEC. 1008. SCHOOLWIDE PROGRAMS.

    Section 1114 (20 U.S.C. 6314) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:

    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Use of funds for schoolwide programs.--
                    ``(A) Eligibility.--A local educational agency may
                consolidate and use funds under this part, together with
                other Federal, State, and local funds, in order to
                upgrade the entire educational program of a school that
                serves an eligible school attendance area in which not
                less than 40 percent of the children are from low-income
                families, or not less than 40 percent of the children
                enrolled in the school are from such families.
                    ``(B) Exception.--A school that serves an eligible
                school attendance area in which less than 40 percent of
                the children are from low-income families, or a school
                for which less than 40 percent of the children enrolled
                in the school are from such families, may operate a
                schoolwide program under this section if the school
                receives a waiver from the State educational agency to
                do so, after taking into account how a schoolwide
                program will best serve the needs of the students in the
                school served under this part in improving academic
                achievement and other factors.
            ``(2) Identification of students not required.--
                    ``(A) In general.--No school participating in a
                schoolwide program shall be required to identify--
                          ``(i) particular children under this part as
                      eligible to participate in a schoolwide program; 
                      or
                          ``(ii) individual services as supplementary.
                    ``(B) Supplemental funds.--In accordance with the
                method of determination described in section 1118(b)(2), 
                a school participating in a schoolwide program shall use
                funds available to carry out this section only to
                supplement the amount of funds that would, in the
                absence of funds under this part, be made available from
                non-Federal sources for the school, including funds
                needed to provide services that are required by law for
                children with disabilities and English learners.
            ``(3) Exemption from statutory and regulatory
        requirements.--
                    ``(A) Exemption.--Except as provided in paragraph
                (2), the Secretary may, through publication of a notice
                in the Federal Register, exempt schoolwide programs
                under this section from statutory or regulatory
                provisions of any other noncompetitive formula grant
                program administered by the Secretary (other than
                formula or discretionary grant programs under the
                Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 
                1400 et seq.), except as provided in section
                613(a)(2)(D) of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1413(a)(2)(D))), or
                any discretionary grant program administered by the
                Secretary, to support schoolwide programs if the intent
                and purposes of such other programs are met.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--A school that chooses to use
                funds from such other programs shall not be relieved of
                the requirements relating to health, safety, civil
                rights, student and parental participation and
                involvement, services to private school children, 
                comparability of services,

[[Page 129 STAT. 1863]]

                maintenance of effort, uses of Federal funds to
                supplement, not supplant non-Federal funds (in
                accordance with the method of determination described in
                section 1118(b)(2)), or the distribution of funds to
                State educational agencies or local educational agencies
                that apply to the receipt of funds from such programs.
                    ``(C) Records.--A school that chooses to consolidate
                and use funds from different Federal programs under this
                section shall not be required to maintain separate
                fiscal accounting records, by program, that identify the
                specific activities supported by those particular funds
                as long as the school maintains records that demonstrate
                that the schoolwide program, considered as a whole, 
                addresses the intent and purposes of each of the Federal
                programs that were consolidated to support the
                schoolwide program.'';
            (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:

    ``(b) Schoolwide Program Plan.--An eligible school operating a
schoolwide program shall develop a comprehensive plan (or amend a plan
for such a program that was in existence on the day before the date of
the enactment of the Every Student Succeeds Act) that--
            ``(1) is developed during a 1-year period, unless--
                    ``(A) the local educational agency determines, in
                consultation with the school, that less time is needed
                to develop and implement the schoolwide program; or
                    ``(B) the school is operating a schoolwide program
                on the day before the date of the enactment of the Every
                Student Succeeds Act, in which case such school may
                continue to operate such program, but shall develop
                amendments to its existing plan during the first year of
                assistance after that date to reflect the provisions of
                this section;
            ``(2) is developed with the involvement of parents and other
        members of the community to be served and individuals who will
        carry out such plan, including teachers, principals, other
        school leaders, paraprofessionals present in the school, 
        administrators (including administrators of programs described
        in other parts of this title), the local educational agency, to
        the extent feasible, tribes and tribal organizations present in
        the community, and, if appropriate, specialized instructional
        support personnel, technical assistance providers, school staff, 
        if the plan relates to a secondary school, students, and other
        individuals determined by the school;
            ``(3) remains in effect for the duration of the school's
        participation under this part, except that the plan and its
        implementation shall be regularly monitored and revised as
        necessary based on student needs to ensure that all students are
        provided opportunities to meet the challenging State academic
        standards;
            ``(4) is available to the local educational agency, parents, 
        and the public, and the information contained in such plan shall
        be in an understandable and uniform format and, to the extent
        practicable, provided in a language that the parents can
        understand; and
            ``(5) if appropriate and applicable, is developed in
        coordination and integration with other Federal, State, and
        local services, resources, and programs, such as programs
        supported

[[Page 129 STAT. 1864]]

        under this Act, violence prevention programs, nutrition
        programs, housing programs, Head Start programs, adult education
        programs, career and technical education programs, and schools
        implementing comprehensive support and improvement activities or
        targeted support and improvement activities under section
        1111(d);
            ``(6) is based on a comprehensive needs assessment of the
        entire school that takes into account information on the
        academic achievement of children in relation to the challenging
        State academic standards, particularly the needs of those
        children who are failing, or are at-risk of failing, to meet the
        challenging State academic standards and any other factors as
        determined by the local educational agency; and
            ``(7) includes a description of--
                    ``(A) the strategies that the school will be
                implementing to address school needs, including a
                description of how such strategies will--
                          ``(i) provide opportunities for all children, 
                      including each of the subgroups of students (as
                      defined in section 1111(c)(2)) to meet the
                      challenging State academic standards;
                          ``(ii) use methods and instructional
                      strategies that strengthen the academic program in
                      the school, increase the amount and quality of
                      learning time, and help provide an enriched and
                      accelerated curriculum, which may include
                      programs, activities, and courses necessary to
                      provide a well-rounded education; and
                          ``(iii) address the needs of all children in
                      the school, but particularly the needs of those at
                      risk of not meeting the challenging State academic
                      standards, through activities which may include--
                                    ``(I) counseling, school-based
                                mental health programs, specialized
                                instructional support services, 
                                mentoring services, and other strategies
                                to improve students' skills outside the
                                academic subject areas;
                                    ``(II) preparation for and awareness
                                of opportunities for postsecondary
                                education and the workforce, which may
                                include career and technical education
                                programs and broadening secondary school
                                students' access to coursework to earn
                                postsecondary credit while still in high
                                school (such as Advanced Placement, 
                                International Baccalaureate, dual or
                                concurrent enrollment, or early college
                                high schools);
                                    ``(III) implementation of a
                                schoolwide tiered model to prevent and
                                address problem behavior, and early
                                intervening services, coordinated with
                                similar activities and services carried
                                out under the Individuals with
                                Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 
                                1400 et seq.);
                                    ``(IV) professional development and
                                other activities for teachers, 
                                paraprofessionals, and other school
                                personnel to improve instruction and use
                                of data from academic assessments, and
                                to recruit and retain effective
                                teachers, particularly in high-need
                                subjects; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1865]]

                                    ``(V) strategies for assisting
                                preschool children in the transition
                                from early childhood education programs
                                to local elementary school programs; and
                    ``(B) if programs are consolidated, the specific
                State educational agency and local educational agency
                programs and other Federal programs that will be
                consolidated in the schoolwide program.'';
            (3) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following:

    ``(c) Preschool Programs.--A school that operates a schoolwide
program under this section may use funds available under this part to
establish or enhance preschool programs for children who are under 6
years of age.
    ``(d) Delivery of Services.--The services of a schoolwide program
under this section may be delivered by nonprofit or for-profit external
providers with expertise in using evidence-based or other effective
strategies to improve student achievement.
    ``(e) Use of Funds for Dual or Concurrent Enrollment Programs.--
            ``(1) In general.--A secondary school operating a schoolwide
        program under this section may use funds received under this
        part to operate dual or concurrent enrollment programs that
        address the needs of low-achieving secondary school students and
        those at risk of not meeting the challenging State academic
        standards.
            ``(2) Flexibility of funds.--A secondary school using funds
        received under this part for a dual or concurrent enrollment
        program described in paragraph (1) may use such funds for any of
        the costs associated with such program, including the costs of--
                    ``(A) training for teachers, and joint professional
                development for teachers in collaboration with career
                and technical educators and educators from institutions
                of higher education, where appropriate, for the purpose
                of integrating rigorous academics in such program;
                    ``(B) tuition and fees, books, required
                instructional materials for such program, and innovative
                delivery methods; and
                    ``(C) transportation to and from such program.
            ``(3) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this subsection
        shall be construed to impose on any State any requirement or
        rule regarding dual or concurrent enrollment programs that is
        inconsistent with State law.''.


NCLB Text

``SEC. 1114. <<NOTE: 20 USC 6314.>>  SCHOOLWIDE PROGRAMS.

    ``(a) Use of Funds for Schoolwide Programs.--
            ``(1) In general.--A local educational agency may
        consolidate and use funds under this part, together with other
        Federal, State, and local funds, in order to upgrade the entire
        educational program of a school that serves an eligible school
        attendance area in which not less than 40 percent of the
        children are from low-income families, or not less than 40
        percent of the children enrolled in the school are from such
        families.
            ``(2) Identification of students not required.--
                    ``(A) In general.--No school participating in a
                schoolwide program shall be required--
                          ``(i) to identify particular children under
                      this part as eligible to participate in a
                      schoolwide program; or

[[Page 115 STAT. 1472]]

                          ``(ii) to provide services to such children
                      that are supplementary, as otherwise required by
                      section 1120A(b).
                    ``(B) Supplemental funds.--A school participating in
                a schoolwide program shall use funds available to carry
                out this section only to supplement the amount of funds
                that would, in the absence of funds under this part, be
                made available from non-Federal sources for the school, 
                including funds needed to provide services that are
                required by law for children with disabilities and
                children with limited English proficiency.
            ``(3) Exemption from statutory and regulatory
        requirements.--
                    ``(A) Exemption.--Except as provided in subsection
                (b), the Secretary may, through publication of a notice
                in the Federal Register, exempt schoolwide programs
                under this section from statutory or regulatory
                provisions of any other noncompetitive formula grant
                program administered by the Secretary (other than
                formula or discretionary grant programs under the
                Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, except as
                provided in section 613(a)(2)(D) of such Act), or any
                discretionary grant program administered by the
                Secretary, to support schoolwide programs if the intent
                and purposes of such other programs are met.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--A school that chooses to use
                funds from such other programs shall not be relieved of
                the requirements relating to health, safety, civil
                rights, student and parental participation and
                involvement, services to private school children, 
                maintenance of effort, comparability of services, uses
                of Federal funds to supplement, not supplant non-Federal
                funds, or the distribution of funds to State educational
                agencies or local educational agencies that apply to the
                receipt of funds from such programs.
                    ``(C) Records.--A school that consolidates and uses
                funds from different Federal programs under this section
                shall not be required to maintain separate fiscal
                accounting records, by program, that identify the
                specific activities supported by those particular funds
                as long as the school maintains records that demonstrate
                that the schoolwide program, considered as a whole, 
                addresses the intent and purposes of each of the Federal
                programs that were consolidated to support the
                schoolwide program.
            ``(4) Professional development.--Each school receiving funds
        under this part for any fiscal year shall devote sufficient
        resources to effectively carry out the activities described in
        subsection (b)(1)(D) in accordance with section 1119 for such
        fiscal year, except that a school may enter into a consortium
        with another school to carry out such activities.

    ``(b) Components of a Schoolwide Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--A schoolwide program shall include the
        following components:
                    ``(A) A comprehensive needs assessment of the entire
                school (including taking into account the needs of
                migratory children as defined in section 1309(2)) that
                is based on information which includes the achievement
                of children in relation to the State academic content
                standards and

[[Page 115 STAT. 1473]]

                the State student academic achievement standards
                described in section 1111(b)(1).
                    ``(B) Schoolwide reform strategies that--
                          ``(i) provide opportunities for all children
                      to meet the State's proficient and advanced levels
                      of student academic achievement described in
                      section 1111(b)(1)(D);
                          ``(ii) use effective methods and instructional
                      strategies that are based on scientifically based
                      research that--
                                    ``(I) strengthen the core academic
                                program in the school;
                                    ``(II) increase the amount and
                                quality of learning time, such as
                                providing an extended school year and
                                before- and after-school and summer
                                programs and opportunities, and help
                                provide an enriched and accelerated
                                curriculum; and
                                    ``(III) include strategies for
                                meeting the educational needs of
                                historically underserved populations;
                          ``(iii)(I) include strategies to address the
                      needs of all children in the school, but
                      particularly the needs of low-achieving children
                      and those at risk of not meeting the State student
                      academic achievement standards who are members of
                      the target population of any program that is
                      included in the schoolwide program, which may
                      include--
                                    ``(aa) counseling, pupil services, 
                                and mentoring services;
                                    ``(bb) college and career awareness
                                and preparation, such as college and
                                career guidance, personal finance
                                education, and innovative teaching
                                methods, which may include applied
                                learning and team-teaching strategies; 
                                and
                                    ``(cc) the integration of vocational
                                and technical education programs; and
                          ``(II) address how the school will determine
                      if such needs have been met; and
                          ``(iv) are consistent with, and are designed
                      to implement, the State and local improvement
                      plans, if any.
                    ``(C) Instruction by highly qualified teachers.
                    ``(D) In accordance with section 1119 and subsection
                (a)(4), high-quality and ongoing professional
                development for teachers, principals, and
                paraprofessionals and, if appropriate, pupil services
                personnel, parents, and other staff to enable all
                children in the school to meet the State's student
                academic achievement standards.
                    ``(E) Strategies to attract high-quality highly
                qualified teachers to high-need schools.
                    ``(F) Strategies to increase parental involvement in
                accordance with section 1118, such as family literary
                services.
                    ``(G) Plans for assisting preschool children in the
                transition from early childhood programs, such as Head
                Start, Even Start, Early Reading First, or a State-run
                preschool program, to local elementary school programs.

[[Page 115 STAT. 1474]]

                    ``(H) Measures to include teachers in the decisions
                regarding the use of academic assessments described in
                section 1111(b)(3) in order to provide information on, 
                and to improve, the achievement of individual students
                and the overall instructional program.
                    ``(I) Activities to ensure that students who
                experience difficulty mastering the proficient or
                advanced levels of academic achievement standards
                required by section 1111(b)(1) shall be provided with
                effective, timely additional assistance which shall
                include measures to ensure that students' difficulties
                are identified on a timely basis and to provide
                sufficient information on which to base effective
                assistance.
                    ``(J) Coordination and integration of Federal, 
                State, and local services and programs, including
                programs supported under this Act, violence prevention
                programs, nutrition programs, housing programs, Head
                Start, adult education, vocational and technical
                education, and job training.
            ``(2) Plan.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Any eligible school that desires
                to operate a schoolwide program shall first develop (or
                amend a plan for such a program that was in existence on
                the day before the date of enactment of the No Child
                Left Behind Act of 2001), in consultation with the local
                educational agency and its school support team or other
                technical assistance provider under section 1117, a
                comprehensive plan for reforming the total instructional
                program in the school that--
                          ``(i) describes how the school will implement
                      the components described in paragraph (1);
                          ``(ii) describes how the school will use
                      resources under this part and from other sources
                      to implement those components;
                          ``(iii) <<NOTE: Records.>>  includes a list of
                      State educational agency and local educational
                      agency programs and other Federal programs under
                      subsection (a)(3) that will be consolidated in the
                      schoolwide program; and
                          ``(iv) describes how the school will provide
                      individual student academic assessment results in
                      a language the parents can understand, including
                      an interpretation of those results, to the parents
                      of a child who participates in the academic
                      assessments required by section 1111(b)(3).
                    ``(B) Plan development.--The comprehensive plan
                shall be--
                          ``(i) developed during a one-year period, 
                      unless--
                                    ``(I) the local educational agency, 
                                after considering the recommendation of
                                the technical assistance providers under
                                section 1117, determines that less time
                                is needed to develop and implement the
                                schoolwide program; or
                                    ``(II) the school is operating a
                                schoolwide program on the day preceding
                                the date of enactment of the No Child
                                Left Behind Act of 2001, in which case
                                such school may continue to operate such
                                program, but shall develop amendments to
                                its existing plan during the first year
                                of assistance

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                                after that date to reflect the
                                provisions of this section;
                          ``(ii) developed with the involvement of
                      parents and other members of the community to be
                      served and individuals who will carry out such
                      plan, including teachers, principals, and
                      administrators (including administrators of
                      programs described in other parts of this title), 
                      and, if appropriate, pupil services personnel, 
                      technical assistance providers, school staff, and, 
                      if the plan relates to a secondary school, 
                      students from such school;
                          ``(iii) in effect for the duration of the
                      school's participation under this part and
                      reviewed and revised, as necessary, by the school;
                          ``(iv) available to the local educational
                      agency, parents, and the public, and the
                      information contained in such plan shall be in an
                      understandable and uniform format and, to the
                      extent practicable, provided in a language that
                      the parents can understand; and
                          ``(v) if appropriate, developed in
                      coordination with programs under Reading First, 
                      Early Reading First, Even Start, Carl D. Perkins
                      Vocational and Technical Education Act of 1998, 
                      and the Head Start Act.

    ``(c) Prekindergarten Program.--A school that is eligible for a
schoolwide program under this section may use funds made available under
this part to establish or enhance prekindergarten programs for children
below the age of 6, such as Even Start programs or Early Reading First
programs.