SEC. 1009/SEC. 1115

TARGETED ASSISTANCE SCHOOLS

 

 

Section Summary

 


ESSA Update

SEC. 1009. TARGETED ASSISTANCE SCHOOLS.

    Section 1115 (20 U.S.C. 6315) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:

    ``(a) In General.--In all schools selected to receive funds under
section 1113(c) that are ineligible for a schoolwide program under
section 1114, have not received a waiver under section 1114(a)(1)(B) to
operate such a schoolwide program, or choose not to operate such a
schoolwide program, a local educational agency serving such school may
use funds received under this part only for programs that provide
services to eligible children under subsection (c) identified as having
the greatest need for special assistance.'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections
        (c) and (b), respectively, and moving those redesignated
        subsections so as to appear in alphabetical order;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1866]]

            (3) by striking subsection (b), as redesignated by paragraph
        (2), and inserting the following:

    ``(b) Targeted Assistance School Program.--To assist targeted
assistance schools and local educational agencies to meet their
responsibility to provide for all their students served under this part
the opportunity to meet the challenging State academic standards, each
targeted assistance program under this section shall--
            ``(1) determine which students will be served;
            ``(2) serve participating students identified as eligible
        children under subsection (c), including by--
                    ``(A) using resources under this part to help
                eligible children meet the challenging State academic
                standards, which may include programs, activities, and
                academic courses necessary to provide a well-rounded
                education;
                    ``(B) using methods and instructional strategies to
                strengthen the academic program of the school through
                activities, which may include--
                          ``(i) expanded learning time, before- and
                      after-school programs, and summer programs and
                      opportunities; and
                          ``(ii) a schoolwide tiered model to prevent
                      and address behavior problems, and early
                      intervening services, coordinated with similar
                      activities and services carried out under the
                      Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20
                      U.S.C. 1400 et seq.);
                    ``(C) coordinating with and supporting the regular
                education program, which may include services to assist
                preschool children in the transition from early
                childhood education programs such as Head Start, the
                literacy program under subpart 2 of part B of title II, 
                or State-run preschool programs to elementary school
                programs;
                    ``(D) providing professional development with
                resources provided under this part, and, to the extent
                practicable, from other sources, to teachers, 
                principals, other school leaders, paraprofessionals, 
                and, if appropriate, specialized instructional support
                personnel, and other school personnel who work with
                eligible children in programs under this section or in
                the regular education program;
                    ``(E) implementing strategies to increase the
                involvement of parents of eligible children in
                accordance with section 1116; and
                    ``(F) if appropriate and applicable, coordinating
                and integrating Federal, State, and local services and
                programs, such as programs supported under this Act, 
                violence prevention programs, nutrition programs, 
                housing programs, Head Start programs, adult education
                programs, career and technical education programs, and
                comprehensive support and improvement activities or
                targeted support and improvement activities under
                section 1111(d); and
                    ``(G) provide to the local educational agency
                assurances that the school will--
                          ``(i) help provide an accelerated, high-
                      quality curriculum;
                          ``(ii) minimize the removal of children from
                      the regular classroom during regular school hours
                      for instruction provided under this part; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1867]]

                          ``(iii) on an ongoing basis, review the
                      progress of eligible children and revise the
                      targeted assistance program under this section, if
                      necessary, to provide additional assistance to
                      enable such children to meet the challenging State
                      academic standards.'';
            (4) in subsection (c), as redesignated by paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(B)--
                          (i) by striking ``the State's challenging
                      student academic achievement standards'' and
                      inserting ``the challenging State academic
                      standards''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``such criteria as teacher
                      judgment, interviews with parents, and
                      developmentally appropriate measures'' and
                      inserting ``criteria, including objective
                      criteria, established by the local educational
                      agency and supplemented by the school''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``limited
                      English proficient children'' and inserting
                      ``English learners'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) by striking the heading and
                                inserting ``head start and preschool
                                children''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``Head Start, Even
                                Start, or Early Reading First program,'' 
                                and inserting ``Head Start program, the
                                literacy program under subpart 2 of part
                                B of title II,''; and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (C), by striking the
                      heading and inserting ``migrant children'';
            (5) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)(B)--
                          (i) by striking ``and'' at the end of clause
                      (ii);
                          (ii) by redesignating clause (iii) as clause
                      (v); and
                          (iii) by inserting after clause (ii) the
                      following new clauses:
                          ``(iii) family support and engagement
                      services;
                          ``(iv) integrated student supports; and''; and
                          (iv) in clause (v), as redesignated by clause
                      (iii), by striking ``pupil services'' and
                      inserting ``specialized instructional support''; 
                      and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (3); and
            (6) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(f) Use of Funds for Dual or Concurrent Enrollment Programs.--A
secondary school operating a targeted assistance program under this
section may use funds received under this part to provide dual or
concurrent enrollment program services described under section 1114(e) 
to eligible children under subsection (c)(1)(B) who are identified as
having the greatest need for special assistance.
    ``(g) Prohibition.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to
authorize the Secretary or any other officer or employee of the Federal
Government to require a local educational agency or school to submit the
results of a comprehensive needs assessment or plan under section
1114(b), or a program described in subsection (b), for review or
approval by the Secretary.
    ``(h) Delivery of Services.--The services of a targeted assistance
program under this section may be delivered by nonprofit

[[Page 129 STAT. 1868]]

or for-profit external providers with expertise in using evidence-based
or other effective strategies to improve student achievement.''.


NCLB Text

``SEC. 1115. TARGETED ASSISTANCE SCHOOLS. <<NOTE: 20 USC 6315.>> 

    ``(a) In General.--In all schools selected to receive funds under
section 1113(c) that are ineligible for a schoolwide program under
section 1114, or that choose not to operate such a schoolwide program, a
local educational agency serving such school may use funds received
under this part only for programs that provide services to eligible
children under subsection (b) identified as having the greatest need for
special assistance.
    ``(b) Eligible Children.--
            ``(1) Eligible population.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The eligible population for
                services under this section is--
                          ``(i) children not older than age 21 who are
                      entitled to a free public education through grade
                      12; and
                          ``(ii) children who are not yet at a grade
                      level at which the local educational agency
                      provides a free public education.
                    ``(B) Eligible children from eligible population.--
                From the population described in subparagraph (A), 
                eligible children are children identified by the school
                as failing, or most at risk of failing, to meet the
                State's challenging student academic achievement
                standards on the basis of multiple, educationally
                related, objective criteria established by the local
                educational agency and supplemented by the school, 
                except that children from preschool through grade 2
                shall be selected solely on the basis of such criteria
                as teacher judgment, interviews with parents, and
                developmentally appropriate measures.

[[Page 115 STAT. 1476]]

            ``(2) Children included.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Children who are economically
                disadvantaged, children with disabilities, migrant
                children or limited English proficient children, are
                eligible for services under this part on the same basis
                as other children selected to receive services under
                this part.
                    ``(B) Head start, even start, or early reading first
                children.--A child who, at any time in the 2 years
                preceding the year for which the determination is made, 
                participated in a Head Start, Even Start, or Early
                Reading First program, or in preschool services under
                this title, is eligible for services under this part.
                    ``(C) Part c children.--A child who, at any time in
                the 2 years preceding the year for which the
                determination is made, received services under part C is
                eligible for services under this part.
                    ``(D) Neglected or delinquent children.--A child in
                a local institution for neglected or delinquent children
                and youth or attending a community day program for such
                children is eligible for services under this part.
                    ``(E) Homeless children.--A child who is homeless
                and attending any school served by the local educational
                agency is eligible for services under this part.
            ``(3) Special rule.--Funds received under this part may not
        be used to provide services that are otherwise required by law
        to be made available to children described in paragraph (2) but
        may be used to coordinate or supplement such services.

    ``(c) Components of a Targeted Assistance School Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--To assist targeted assistance schools and
        local educational agencies to meet their responsibility to
        provide for all their students served under this part the
        opportunity to meet the State's challenging student academic
        achievement standards in subjects as determined by the State, 
        each targeted assistance program under this section shall--
                    ``(A) use such program's resources under this part
                to help participating children meet such State's
                challenging student academic achievement standards
                expected for all children;
                    ``(B) ensure that planning for students served under
                this part is incorporated into existing school planning;
                    ``(C) use effective methods and instructional
                strategies that are based on scientifically based
                research that strengthens the core academic program of
                the school and that--
                          ``(i) give primary consideration to providing
                      extended learning time, such as an extended school
                      year, before- and after-school, and summer
                      programs and opportunities;
                          ``(ii) help provide an accelerated, high-
                      quality curriculum, including applied learning; 
                      and
                          ``(iii) minimize removing children from the
                      regular classroom during regular school hours for
                      instruction provided under this part;
                    ``(D) coordinate with and support the regular
                education program, which may include services to assist
                preschool children in the transition from early
                childhood programs

[[Page 115 STAT. 1477]]

                such as Head Start, Even Start, Early Reading First or
                State-run preschool programs to elementary school
                programs;
                    ``(E) provide instruction by highly qualified
                teachers;
                    ``(F) in accordance with subsection (e)(3) and
                section 1119, provide opportunities for professional
                development with resources provided under this part, 
                and, to the extent practicable, from other sources, for
                teachers, principals, and paraprofessionals, including, 
                if appropriate, pupil services personnel, parents, and
                other staff, who work with participating children in
                programs under this section or in the regular education
                program;
                    ``(G) provide strategies to increase parental
                involvement in accordance with section 1118, such as
                family literacy services; and
                    ``(H) coordinate and integrate Federal, State, and
                local services and programs, including programs
                supported under this Act, violence prevention programs, 
                nutrition programs, housing programs, Head Start, adult
                education, vocational and technical education, and job
                training.
            ``(2) Requirements.--Each school conducting a program under
        this section shall assist participating children selected in
        accordance with subsection (b) to meet the State's proficient
        and advanced levels of achievement by--
                    ``(A) the coordinating of resources provided under
                this part with other resources; and
                    ``(B) reviewing, on an ongoing basis, the progress
                of participating children and revising the targeted
                assistance program, if necessary, to provide additional
                assistance to enable such children to meet the State's
                challenging student academic achievement standards, such
                as an extended school year, before- and after-school, 
                and summer programs and opportunities, training for
                teachers regarding how to identify students who need
                additional assistance, and training for teachers
                regarding how to implement student academic achievement
                standards in the classroom.

    ``(d) Integration of Professional Development.--To promote the
integration of staff supported with funds under this part into the
regular school program and overall school planning and improvement
efforts, public school personnel who are paid with funds received under
this part may--
            ``(1) participate in general professional development and
        school planning activities; and
            ``(2) assume limited duties that are assigned to similar
        personnel who are not so paid, including duties beyond classroom
        instruction or that do not benefit participating children, so
        long as the amount of time spent on such duties is the same
        proportion of total work time as prevails with respect to
        similar personnel at the same school.

    ``(e) Special Rules.--
            ``(1) Simultaneous service.--Nothing in this section shall
        be construed to prohibit a school from serving students under
        this section simultaneously with students with similar
        educational needs, in the same educational settings where
        appropriate.
            ``(2) Comprehensive services.--If--

[[Page 115 STAT. 1478]]

                    ``(A) health, nutrition, and other social services
                are not otherwise available to eligible children in a
                targeted assistance school and such school, if
                appropriate, has engaged in a comprehensive needs
                assessment and established a collaborative partnership
                with local service providers; and
                    ``(B) funds are not reasonably available from other
                public or private sources to provide such services, then
                a portion of the funds provided under this part may be
                used as a last resort to provide such services, 
                including--
                          ``(i) the provision of basic medical
                      equipment, such as eyeglasses and hearing aids;
                          ``(ii) compensation of a coordinator; and
                          ``(iii) professional development necessary to
                      assist teachers, pupil services personnel, other
                      staff, and parents in identifying and meeting the
                      comprehensive needs of eligible children.
            ``(3) Professional development.--Each school receiving funds
        under this part for any fiscal year shall devote sufficient
        resources to carry out effectively the professional development
        activities described in subparagraph (F) of subsection (c)(1) in
        accordance with section 1119 for such fiscal year, and a school
        may enter into a consortium with another school to carry out
        such activities.