SEC. 1010/SEC. 1116

PARENT AND FAMILY ENGAGEMENT

 

 

Section Summary

 


ESSA Update

SEC. 1010. PARENT AND FAMILY ENGAGEMENT.

    Section 1116, as redesignated by section 1000(2), <<NOTE: 20 USC
6318.>> is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``parental
        involvement'' and inserting ``parent and family engagement'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by inserting ``conducts outreach to all
                      parents and family members and'' after ``only if
                      such agency''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``and family members'' after
                      ``and procedures for the involvement of parents'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``and family
                                members'' after ``, and distribute to, 
                                parents'';
                                    (II) by striking ``written parent
                                involvement policy'' and inserting
                                ``written parent and family engagement
                                policy''; and
                                    (III) by striking ``expectations for
                                parent involvement'' and inserting
                                ``expectations and objectives for
                                meaningful parent and family
                                involvement''; and
                          (ii) by striking subparagraphs (A) through (F) 
                      and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) involve parents and family members in jointly
                developing the local educational agency plan under
                section 1112, and the development of support and
                improvement plans under paragraphs (1) and (2) of
                section 1111(d).
                    ``(B) provide the coordination, technical
                assistance, and other support necessary to assist and
                build the capacity of all participating schools within
                the local educational agency in planning and
                implementing effective parent and family involvement
                activities to improve student academic achievement and
                school performance, which may include meaningful
                consultation with employers, business leaders, and
                philanthropic organizations, or individuals with
                expertise in effectively engaging parents and family
                members in education;
                    ``(C) coordinate and integrate parent and family
                engagement strategies under this part with parent and
                family engagement strategies, to the extent feasible and
                appropriate, with other relevant Federal, State, and
                local laws and programs;
                    ``(D) conduct, with the meaningful involvement of
                parents and family members, an annual evaluation of the
                content and effectiveness of the parent and family
                engagement policy in improving the academic quality of
                all schools served under this part, including
                identifying--
                          ``(i) barriers to greater participation by
                      parents in activities authorized by this section
                      (with particular attention to parents who are
                      economically disadvantaged, are disabled, have
                      limited English proficiency, have limited
                      literacy, or are of any racial or ethnic minority
                      background);

[[Page 129 STAT. 1869]]

                          ``(ii) the needs of parents and family members
                      to assist with the learning of their children, 
                      including engaging with school personnel and
                      teachers; and
                          ``(iii) strategies to support successful
                      school and family interactions;
                    ``(E) use the findings of such evaluation in
                subparagraph (D) to design evidence-based strategies for
                more effective parental involvement, and to revise, if
                necessary, the parent and family engagement policies
                described in this section; and
                    ``(F) involve parents in the activities of the
                schools served under this part, which may include
                establishing a parent advisory board comprised of a
                sufficient number and representative group of parents or
                family members served by the local educational agency to
                adequately represent the needs of the population served
                by such agency for the purposes of developing, revising, 
                and reviewing the parent and family engagement
                policy.''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting
                      the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--Each local educational agency
                shall reserve at least 1 percent of its allocation under
                subpart 2 to assist schools to carry out the activities
                described in this section, except that this subparagraph
                shall not apply if 1 percent of such agency's allocation
                under subpart 2 for the fiscal year for which the
                determination is made is $5,000 or less. Nothing in this
                subparagraph shall be construed to limit local
                educational agencies from reserving more than 1 percent
                of its allocation under subpart 2 to assist schools to
                carry out activities described in this section.'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``(B) 
                      Parental input.--Parents of children'' and
                      inserting ``(B) Parent and family member input.--
                      Parents and family members of children'';
                          (iii) in subparagraph (C)--
                                    (I) by striking ``95 percent'' and
                                inserting ``90 percent''; and
                                    (II) by inserting ``, with priority
                                given to high-need schools'' after
                                ``schools served under this part''; and
                          (iv) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) Use of funds.--Funds reserved under
                subparagraph (A) by a local educational agency shall be
                used to carry out activities and strategies consistent
                with the local educational agency's parent and family
                engagement policy, including not less than 1 of the
                following:
                          ``(i) Supporting schools and nonprofit
                      organizations in providing professional
                      development for local educational agency and
                      school personnel regarding parent and family
                      engagement strategies, which may be provided
                      jointly to teachers, principals, other school
                      leaders, specialized instructional support
                      personnel, paraprofessionals, early childhood
                      educators, and parents and family members.

[[Page 129 STAT. 1870]]

                          ``(ii) Supporting programs that reach parents
                      and family members at home, in the community, and
                      at school.
                          ``(iii) Disseminating information on best
                      practices focused on parent and family engagement, 
                      especially best practices for increasing the
                      engagement of economically disadvantaged parents
                      and family members.
                          ``(iv) Collaborating, or providing subgrants
                      to schools to enable such schools to collaborate, 
                      with community-based or other organizations or
                      employers with a record of success in improving
                      and increasing parent and family engagement.
                          ``(v) Engaging in any other activities and
                      strategies that the local educational agency
                      determines are appropriate and consistent with
                      such agency's parent and family engagement
                      policy.'';
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking
                ``Parental Involvement Policy'' and inserting ``Parent
                and Family Engagement Policy'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by inserting ``and family members'' after
                      ``distribute to, parents''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``written parental
                      involvement policy'' and inserting ``written
                      parent and family engagement policy'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by striking ``parental involvement
                      policy'' and inserting ``parent and family
                      engagement policy''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``and family members'' after
                      ``that applies to all parents''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) by striking ``parental involvement
                      policy'' and inserting ``parent and family
                      engagement policy''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``and family members in all
                      schools served by the local educational agency'' 
                      after ``policy that applies to all parents'';
            (4) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) by striking ``parental involvement
                      policy'' and inserting ``parent and family
                      engagement policy''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``1114(b)(2)'' and inserting
                      ``1114(b)'';
                    (B) in paragraph (4)(B), by striking ``the
                proficiency levels students are expected to meet'' and
                inserting ``the achievement levels of the challenging
                State academic standards''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (5), by striking ``1114(b)(2)'' and
                inserting ``1114(b)'';
            (5) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by
                striking ``parental involvement policy'' and inserting
                ``parent and family engagement policy'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``the State's student academic
                      achievement standards'' and inserting ``the
                      challenging State academic standards''; and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1871]]

                          (ii) by striking ``, such as monitoring
                      attendance, homework completion, and television
                      watching''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' 
                      after the semicolon;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking the
                      period and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) ensuring regular two-way, meaningful
                communication between family members and school staff, 
                and, to the extent practicable, in a language that
                family members can understand.'';
            (6) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``the State's
                academic content standards and State student academic
                achievement standards'' and inserting ``the challenging
                State academic standards'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``technology'' and
                inserting ``technology (including education about the
                harms of copyright piracy)'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``pupil services
                personnel, principals'' and inserting ``specialized
                instructional support personnel, principals, and other
                school leaders''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (4), by striking ``Head Start, 
                Reading First, Early Reading First, Even Start, the Home
                Instruction Programs for Preschool Youngsters, the
                Parents as Teachers Program, and public preschool and
                other programs,'' and inserting ``other Federal, State, 
                and local programs, including public preschool
                programs,'';
            (7) by striking subsection (f) and inserting the following:

    ``(f) Accessibility.--In carrying out the parent and family
engagement requirements of this part, local educational agencies and
schools, to the extent practicable, shall provide opportunities for the
informed participation of parents and family members (including parents
and family members who have limited English proficiency, parents and
family members with disabilities, and parents and family members of
migratory children), including providing information and school reports
required under section 1111 in a format and, to the extent practicable, 
in a language such parents understand.'';
            (8) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:

    ``(g) Family Engagement in Education Programs.--In a State operating
a program under part E of title IV, each local educational agency or
school that receives assistance under this part shall inform parents and
organizations of the existence of the program.''; and
            (9) in subsection (h), by striking ``parental involvement
        policies'' and inserting ``parent and family engagement
        policies''.


NCLB Text

``SEC. 1116. <<NOTE: 20 USC 6316.>>  ACADEMIC ASSESSMENT AND LOCAL
            EDUCATIONAL AGENCY AND SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT.

    ``(a) Local Review.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each local educational agency receiving
        funds under this part shall--
                    ``(A) use the State academic assessments and other
                indicators described in the State plan to review
                annually the progress of each school served under this
                part to determine whether the school is making adequate
                yearly progress as defined in section 1111(b)(2);
                    ``(B) at the local educational agency's discretion, 
                use any academic assessments or any other academic
                indicators described in the local educational agency's
                plan under section 1112(b)(1)(A) and (B) to review
                annually the progress of each school served under this
                part to determine whether the school is making adequate
                yearly progress as defined in section 1111(b)(2), except
                that the local educational agency may not use such
                indicators (other than as provided for in section
                1111(b)(2)(I)) if the indicators reduce the number or
                change the schools that would otherwise be subject to
                school improvement, corrective action, or restructuring
                under section 1116 if such additional indicators were
                not used, but may identify additional schools for school
                improvement or in need of corrective action or
                restructuring;
                    ``(C) publicize and disseminate the results of the
                local annual review described in paragraph (1) to
                parents, teachers, principals, schools, and the
                community so that the teachers, principals, other staff, 
                and schools can continually refine, in an
                instructionally useful manner, the program of
                instruction to help all children served under this

[[Page 115 STAT. 1479]]

                part meet the challenging State student academic
                achievement standards established under section
                1111(b)(1); and
                    ``(D) review the effectiveness of the actions and
                activities the schools are carrying out under this part
                with respect to parental involvement, professional
                development, and other activities assisted under this
                part.
            ``(2) Available results.--The State educational agency shall
        ensure that the results of State academic assessments
        administered in that school year are available to the local
        educational agency before the beginning of the next school year.

    ``(b) School Improvement.--
            ``(1) General requirements.--
                    ``(A) Identification.--Subject to subparagraph (C), 
                a local educational agency shall identify for school
                improvement any elementary school or secondary school
                served under this part that fails, for 2 consecutive
                years, to make adequate yearly progress as defined in
                the State's plan under section 1111(b)(2).
                    ``(B) Deadline.--The identification described in
                subparagraph (A) shall take place before the beginning
                of the school year following such failure to make
                adequate yearly progress.
                    ``(C) Application.--Subparagraph (A) shall not apply
                to a school if almost every student in each group
                specified in section 1111(b)(2)(C)(v) enrolled in such
                school is meeting or exceeding the State's proficient
                level of academic achievement.
                    ``(D) Targeted assistance schools.--To determine if
                an elementary school or a secondary school that is
                conducting a targeted assistance program under section
                1115 should be identified for school improvement, 
                corrective action, or restructuring under this section, 
                a local educational agency may choose to review the
                progress of only the students in the school who are
                served, or are eligible for services, under this part.
                    ``(E) Public school choice.--
                          ``(i) In general.--In the case of a school
                      identified for school improvement under this
                      paragraph, the local educational agency shall, not
                      later than the first day of the school year
                      following such identification, provide all
                      students enrolled in the school with the option to
                      transfer to another public school served by the
                      local educational agency, which may include a
                      public charter school, that has not been
                      identified for school improvement under this
                      paragraph, unless such an option is prohibited by
                      State law.
                          ``(ii) Rule.--In providing students the option
                      to transfer to another public school, the local
                      educational agency shall give priority to the
                      lowest achieving children from low-income
                      families, as determined by the local educational
                      agency for purposes of allocating funds to schools
                      under section 1113(c)(1).
                    ``(F) Transfer.--Students who use the option to
                transfer under subparagraph (E) and paragraph (5)(A), 
                (7)(C)(i), or (8)(A)(i) or subsection (c)(10)(C)(vii) 
                shall be enrolled in classes and other activities in the
                public school

[[Page 115 STAT. 1480]]

                to which the students transfer in the same manner as all
                other children at the public school.
            ``(2) Opportunity to review and present evidence; time
        limit.--
                    ``(A) Identification.--Before identifying an
                elementary school or a secondary school for school
                improvement under paragraphs (1) or (5)(A), for
                corrective action under paragraph (7), or for
                restructuring under paragraph (8), the local educational
                agency shall provide the school with an opportunity to
                review the school-level data, including academic
                assessment data, on which the proposed identification is
                based.
                    ``(B) Evidence.--If the principal of a school
                proposed for identification under paragraph (1), (5)(A), 
                (7), or (8) believes, or a majority of the parents of
                the students enrolled in such school believe, that the
                proposed identification is in error for statistical or
                other substantive reasons, the principal may provide
                supporting evidence to the local educational agency, 
                which shall consider that evidence before making a final
                determination.
                    ``(C) <<NOTE: Deadline. Public information.>>  Final
                determination.--Not later than 30 days after a local
                educational agency provides the school with the
                opportunity to review such school-level data, the local
                educational agency shall make public a final
                determination on the status of the school with respect
                to the identification.
            ``(3) School plan.--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Revised plan.--After the
                resolution of a review under paragraph (2), each school
                identified under paragraph (1) for school improvement
                shall, not later than 3 months after being so
                identified, develop or revise a school plan, in
                consultation with parents, school staff, the local
                educational agency serving the school, and outside
                experts, for approval by such local educational agency. 
                The school plan shall cover a 2-year period and--
                          ``(i) incorporate strategies based on
                      scientifically based research that will strengthen
                      the core academic subjects in the school and
                      address the specific academic issues that caused
                      the school to be identified for school
                      improvement, and may include a strategy for the
                      implementation of a comprehensive school reform
                      model that includes each of the components
                      described in part F;
                          ``(ii) adopt policies and practices concerning
                      the school's core academic subjects that have the
                      greatest likelihood of ensuring that all groups of
                      students specified in section 1111(b)(2)(C)(v) and
                      enrolled in the school will meet the State's
                      proficient level of achievement on the State
                      academic assessment described in section
                      1111(b)(3) not later than 12 years after the end
                      of the 2001-2002 school year;
                          ``(iii) provide an assurance that the school
                      will spend not less than 10 percent of the funds
                      made available to the school under section 1113
                      for each fiscal year that the school is in school
                      improvement status, for the purpose of providing
                      to the school's teachers and principal high-
                      quality professional development that--

[[Page 115 STAT. 1481]]

                                    ``(I) directly addresses the
                                academic achievement problem that caused
                                the school to be identified for school
                                improvement;
                                    ``(II) meets the requirements for
                                professional development activities
                                under section 1119; and
                                    ``(III) is provided in a manner that
                                affords increased opportunity for
                                participating in that professional
                                development;
                          ``(iv) specify how the funds described in
                      clause (iii) will be used to remove the school
                      from school improvement status;
                          ``(v) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  establish specific
                      annual, measurable objectives for continuous and
                      substantial progress by each group of students
                      specified in section 1111(b)(2)(C)(v) and enrolled
                      in the school that will ensure that all such
                      groups of students will, in accordance with
                      adequate yearly progress as defined in section
                      1111(b)(2), meet the State's proficient level of
                      achievement on the State academic assessment
                      described in section 1111(b)(3) not later than 12
                      years after the end of the 2001-2002 school year;
                          ``(vi) describe how the school will provide
                      written notice about the identification to parents
                      of each student enrolled in such school, in a
                      format and, to the extent practicable, in a
                      language that the parents can understand;
                          ``(vii) specify the responsibilities of the
                      school, the local educational agency, and the
                      State educational agency serving the school under
                      the plan, including the technical assistance to be
                      provided by the local educational agency under
                      paragraph (4) and the local educational agency's
                      responsibilities under section 1120A;
                          ``(viii) include strategies to promote
                      effective parental involvement in the school;
                          ``(ix) incorporate, as appropriate, activities
                      before school, after school, during the summer, 
                      and during any extension of the school year; and
                          ``(x) incorporate a teacher mentoring program.
                    ``(B) Conditional approval.--The local educational
                agency may condition approval of a school plan under
                this paragraph on--
                          ``(i) inclusion of one or more of the
                      corrective actions specified in paragraph
                      (7)(C)(iv); or
                          ``(ii) feedback on the school improvement plan
                      from parents and community leaders.
                    ``(C) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Plan implementation.--
                Except as provided in subparagraph (D), a school shall
                implement the school plan (including a revised plan) 
                expeditiously, but not later than the beginning of the
                next full school year following the identification under
                paragraph (1).
                    ``(D) Plan approved during school year.--
                Notwithstanding subparagraph (C), if a plan is not
                approved prior to the beginning of a school year, such
                plan shall be implemented immediately upon approval.

[[Page 115 STAT. 1482]]

                    ``(E) Local educational agency approval.--The local
                educational agency, within 45 days of receiving a school
                plan, shall--
                          ``(i) <<NOTE: Establishment.>>  establish a
                      peer review process to assist with review of the
                      school plan; and
                          ``(ii) promptly review the school plan, work
                      with the school as necessary, and approve the
                      school plan if the plan meets the requirements of
                      this paragraph.
            ``(4) Technical assistance.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For each school identified for
                school improvement under paragraph (1), the local
                educational agency serving the school shall ensure the
                provision of technical assistance as the school develops
                and implements the school plan under paragraph (3) 
                throughout the plan's duration.
                    ``(B) Specific assistance.--Such technical
                assistance--
                          ``(i) shall include assistance in analyzing
                      data from the assessments required under section
                      1111(b)(3), and other examples of student work, to
                      identify and address problems in instruction, and
                      problems if any, in implementing the parental
                      involvement requirements described in section
                      1118, the professional development requirements
                      described in section 1119, and the
                      responsibilities of the school and local
                      educational agency under the school plan, and to
                      identify and address solutions to such problems;
                          ``(ii) shall include assistance in identifying
                      and implementing professional development, 
                      instructional strategies, and methods of
                      instruction that are based on scientifically based
                      research and that have proven effective in
                      addressing the specific instructional issues that
                      caused the school to be identified for school
                      improvement;
                          ``(iii) shall include assistance in analyzing
                      and revising the school's budget so that the
                      school's resources are more effectively allocated
                      to the activities most likely to increase student
                      academic achievement and to remove the school from
                      school improvement status; and
                          ``(iv) may be provided--
                                    ``(I) by the local educational
                                agency, through mechanisms authorized
                                under section 1117; or
                                    ``(II) by the State educational
                                agency, an institution of higher
                                education (that is in full compliance
                                with all the reporting provisions of
                                title II of the Higher Education Act of
                                1965), a private not-for-profit
                                organization or for-profit organization, 
                                an educational service agency, or
                                another entity with experience in
                                helping schools improve academic
                                achievement.
                    ``(C) Scientifically based research.--Technical
                assistance provided under this section by a local
                educational agency or an entity approved by that agency
                shall be based on scientifically based research.
            ``(5) Failure to make adequate yearly progress after
        identification.--In the case of any school served under this

[[Page 115 STAT. 1483]]

        part that fails to make adequate yearly progress, as set out in
        the State's plan under section 1111(b)(2), by the end of the
        first full school year after identification under paragraph (1), 
        the local educational agency serving such school--
                    ``(A) shall continue to provide all students
                enrolled in the school with the option to transfer to
                another public school served by the local educational
                agency in accordance with subparagraphs (E) and (F);
                    ``(B) shall make supplemental educational services
                available consistent with subsection (e)(1); and
                    ``(C) shall continue to provide technical
                assistance.
            ``(6) Notice to parents.--A local educational agency shall
        promptly provide to a parent or parents (in an understandable
        and uniform format and, to the extent practicable, in a language
        the parents can understand) of each student enrolled in an
        elementary school or a secondary school identified for school
        improvement under paragraph (1), for corrective action under
        paragraph (7), or for restructuring under paragraph (8)--
                    ``(A) an explanation of what the identification
                means, and how the school compares in terms of academic
                achievement to other elementary schools or secondary
                schools served by the local educational agency and the
                State educational agency involved;
                    ``(B) the reasons for the identification;
                    ``(C) an explanation of what the school identified
                for school improvement is doing to address the problem
                of low achievement;
                    ``(D) an explanation of what the local educational
                agency or State educational agency is doing to help the
                school address the achievement problem;
                    ``(E) an explanation of how the parents can become
                involved in addressing the academic issues that caused
                the school to be identified for school improvement; and
                    ``(F) an explanation of the parents' option to
                transfer their child to another public school under
                paragraphs (1)(E), (5)(A), (7)(C)(i), (8)(A)(i), and
                subsection (c)(10)(C)(vii) (with transportation provided
                by the agency when required by paragraph (9)) or to
                obtain supplemental educational services for the child, 
                in accordance with subsection (e).
            ``(7) Corrective action.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In this subsection, the term
                `corrective action' means action, consistent with State
                law, that--
                          ``(i) substantially and directly responds to--
                                    ``(I) the consistent academic
                                failure of a school that caused the
                                local educational agency to take such
                                action; and
                                    ``(II) any underlying staffing, 
                                curriculum, or other problems in the
                                school; and
                          ``(ii) is designed to increase substantially
                      the likelihood that each group of students
                      described in 1111(b)(2)(C) enrolled in the school
                      identified for corrective action will meet or
                      exceed the State's proficient levels of
                      achievement on the State academic assessments
                      described in section 1111(b)(3).

[[Page 115 STAT. 1484]]

                    ``(B) System.--In order to help students served
                under this part meet challenging State student academic
                achievement standards, each local educational agency
                shall implement a system of corrective action in
                accordance with subparagraphs (C) through (E).
                    ``(C) Role of local educational agency.--In the case
                of any school served by a local educational agency under
                this part that fails to make adequate yearly progress, 
                as defined by the State under section 1111(b)(2), by the
                end of the second full school year after the
                identification under paragraph (1), the local
                educational agency shall--
                          ``(i) continue to provide all students
                      enrolled in the school with the option to transfer
                      to another public school served by the local
                      educational agency, in accordance with paragraph
                      (1)(E) and (F);
                          ``(ii) continue to provide technical
                      assistance consistent with paragraph (4) while
                      instituting any corrective action under clause
                      (iv);
                          ``(iii) continue to make supplemental
                      educational services available, in accordance with
                      subsection (e), to children who remain in the
                      school; and
                          ``(iv) identify the school for corrective
                      action and take at least one of the following
                      corrective actions:
                                    ``(I) Replace the school staff who
                                are relevant to the failure to make
                                adequate yearly progress.
                                    ``(II) Institute and fully implement
                                a new curriculum, including providing
                                appropriate professional development for
                                all relevant staff, that is based on
                                scientifically based research and offers
                                substantial promise of improving
                                educational achievement for low-
                                achieving students and enabling the
                                school to make adequate yearly progress.
                                    ``(III) Significantly decrease
                                management authority at the school
                                level.
                                    ``(IV) Appoint an outside expert to
                                advise the school on its progress toward
                                making adequate yearly progress, based
                                on its school plan under paragraph (3).
                                    ``(V) Extend the school year or
                                school day for the school.
                                    ``(VI) Restructure the internal
                                organizational structure of the school.
                    ``(D) Delay.--Notwithstanding any other provision of
                this paragraph, the local educational agency may delay, 
                for a period not to exceed 1 year, implementation of the
                requirements under paragraph (5), corrective action
                under this paragraph, or restructuring under paragraph
                (8) if the school makes adequate yearly progress for 1
                year or if its failure to make adequate yearly progress
                is due to exceptional or uncontrollable circumstances, 
                such as a natural disaster or a precipitous and
                unforeseen decline in the financial resources of the
                local educational agency or school. No such period shall
                be taken into account in determining the number of
                consecutive years of failure to make adequate yearly
                progress.

[[Page 115 STAT. 1485]]

                    ``(E) Publication and dissemination.--The local
                educational agency shall publish and disseminate
                information regarding any corrective action the local
                educational agency takes under this paragraph at a
                school--
                          ``(i) to the public and to the parents of each
                      student enrolled in the school subject to
                      corrective action;
                          ``(ii) in an understandable and uniform format
                      and, to the extent practicable, provided in a
                      language that the parents can understand; and
                          ``(iii) through such means as the Internet, 
                      the media, and public agencies.
            ``(8) Restructuring.--
                    ``(A) Failure to make adequate yearly progress.--If, 
                after 1 full school year of corrective action under
                paragraph (7), a school subject to such corrective
                action continues to fail to make adequate yearly
                progress, then the local educational agency shall--
                          ``(i) continue to provide all students
                      enrolled in the school with the option to transfer
                      to another public school served by the local
                      educational agency, in accordance with paragraph
                      (1)(E) and (F);
                          ``(ii) continue to make supplemental
                      educational services available, in accordance with
                      subsection (e), to children who remain in the
                      school; and
                          ``(iii) prepare a plan and make necessary
                      arrangements to carry out subparagraph (B).
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Alternative governance.--
                Not later than the beginning of the school year
                following the year in which the local educational agency
                implements subparagraph (A), the local educational
                agency shall implement one of the following alternative
                governance arrangements for the school consistent with
                State law:
                          ``(i) Reopening the school as a public charter
                      school.
                          ``(ii) Replacing all or most of the school
                      staff (which may include the principal) who are
                      relevant to the failure to make adequate yearly
                      progress.
                          ``(iii) Entering into a contract with an
                      entity, such as a private management company, with
                      a demonstrated record of effectiveness, to operate
                      the public school.
                          ``(iv) Turning the operation of the school
                      over to the State educational agency, if permitted
                      under State law and agreed to by the State.
                          ``(v) Any other major restructuring of the
                      school's governance arrangement that makes
                      fundamental reforms, such as significant changes
                      in the school's staffing and governance, to
                      improve student academic achievement in the school
                      and that has substantial promise of enabling the
                      school to make adequate yearly progress as defined
                      in the State plan under section 1111(b)(2). In the
                      case of a rural local educational agency with a
                      total of less than 600 students in average daily
                      attendance at the schools that are served by the
                      agency and all of whose schools have a School
                      Locale Code of 7 or 8, as determined by the
                      Secretary, the Secretary shall, at such agency's
                      request, provide

[[Page 115 STAT. 1486]]

                      technical assistance to such agency for the
                      purpose of implementing this clause.
                    ``(C) Prompt notice.--The local educational agency
                shall--
                          ``(i) provide prompt notice to teachers and
                      parents whenever subparagraph (A) or (B) applies; 
                      and
                          ``(ii) provide the teachers and parents with
                      an adequate opportunity to--
                                    ``(I) comment before taking any
                                action under those subparagraphs; and
                                    ``(II) participate in developing any
                                plan under subparagraph (A)(iii).
            ``(9) Transportation.--In any case described in paragraph
        (1)(E) for schools described in paragraphs (1)(A), (5), 
        (7)(C)(i), and (8)(A), and subsection (c)(10)(C)(vii), the local
        educational agency shall provide, or shall pay for the provision
        of, transportation for the student to the public school the
        student attends.
            ``(10) Funds for transportation and supplemental educational
        services.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Unless a lesser amount is needed
                to comply with paragraph (9) and to satisfy all requests
                for supplemental educational services under subsection
                (e), a local educational agency shall spend an amount
                equal to 20 percent of its allocation under subpart 2, 
                from which the agency shall spend--
                          ``(i) an amount equal to 5 percent of its
                      allocation under subpart 2 to provide, or pay for, 
                      transportation under paragraph (9);
                          ``(ii) an amount equal to 5 percent of its
                      allocation under subpart 2 to provide supplemental
                      educational services under subsection (e); and
                          ``(iii) an amount equal to the remaining 10
                      percent of its allocation under subpart 2 for
                      transportation under paragraph (9), supplemental
                      educational services under subsection (e), or
                      both, as the agency determines.
                    ``(B) Total amount.--The total amount described in
                subparagraph (A)(ii) is the maximum amount the local
                educational agency shall be required to spend under this
                part on supplemental educational services described in
                subsection (e).
                    ``(C) Insufficient funds.--If the amount of funds
                described in subparagraph (A)(ii) or (iii) and available
                to provide services under this subsection is
                insufficient to provide supplemental educational
                services to each child whose parents request the
                services, the local educational agency shall give
                priority to providing the services to the lowest-
                achieving children.
                    ``(D) Prohibition.--A local educational agency shall
                not, as a result of the application of this paragraph, 
                reduce by more than 15 percent the total amount made
                available under section 1113(c) to a school described in
                paragraph (7)(C) or (8)(A) of subsection (b).
            ``(11) Cooperative agreement.--In any case described in
        paragraph (1)(E), (5)(A), (7)(C)(i), or (8)(A)(i), or subsection
        (c)(10)(C)(vii) if all public schools served by the local
        educational agency to which a child may transfer are identified
        for school improvement, corrective action or restructuring, the
        agency

[[Page 115 STAT. 1487]]

        shall, to the extent practicable, establish a cooperative
        agreement with other local educational agencies in the area for
        a transfer.
            ``(12) Duration.--If any school identified for school
        improvement, corrective action, or restructuring makes adequate
        yearly progress for two consecutive school years, the local
        educational agency shall no longer subject the school to the
        requirements of school improvement, corrective action, or
        restructuring or identify the school for school improvement for
        the succeeding school year.
            ``(13) Special rule.--A local educational agency shall
        permit a child who transferred to another school under this
        subsection to remain in that school until the child has
        completed the highest grade in that school. The obligation of
        the local educational agency to provide, or to provide for, 
        transportation for the child ends at the end of a school year if
        the local educational agency determines that the school from
        which the child transferred is no longer identified for school
        improvement or subject to corrective action or restructuring.
            ``(14) State educational agency responsibilities.--The State
        educational agency shall--
                    ``(A) make technical assistance under section 1117
                available to schools identified for school improvement, 
                corrective action, or restructuring under this
                subsection consistent with section 1117(a)(2);
                    ``(B) if the State educational agency determines
                that a local educational agency failed to carry out its
                responsibilities under this subsection, take such
                corrective actions as the State educational agency
                determines to be appropriate and in compliance with
                State law;
                    ``(C) ensure that academic assessment results under
                this part are provided to schools before any
                identification of a school may take place under this
                subsection; and
                    ``(D) for local educational agencies or schools
                identified for improvement under this subsection, notify
                the Secretary of major factors that were brought to the
                attention of the State educational agency under section
                1111(b)(9) that have significantly affected student
                academic achievement.

    ``(c) State Review and Local Educational Agency Improvement.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State shall--
                    ``(A) annually review the progress of each local
                educational agency receiving funds under this part to
                determine whether schools receiving assistance under
                this part are making adequate yearly progress as defined
                in section 1111(b)(2) toward meeting the State's student
                academic achievement standards and to determine if each
                local educational agency is carrying out its
                responsibilities under this section and sections 1117, 
                1118, and 1119; and
                    ``(B) publicize and disseminate to local educational
                agencies, teachers and other staff, parents, students, 
                and the community the results of the State review, 
                including statistically sound disaggregated results, as
                required by section 1111(b)(2).
            ``(2) Rewards.--In the case of a local educational agency
        that, for 2 consecutive years, has exceeded adequate yearly
        progress as defined in the State plan under section 1111(b)(2),

[[Page 115 STAT. 1488]]

        the State may make rewards of the kinds described under section
        1117 to the agency.
            ``(3) Identification of local educational agency for
        improvement.--A State shall identify for improvement any local
        educational agency that, for 2 consecutive years, including the
        period immediately prior to the date of enactment of the No
        Child Left Behind Act of 2001, failed to make adequate yearly
        progress as defined in the State's plan under section
        1111(b)(2).
            ``(4) Targeted assistance schools.--When reviewing targeted
        assistance schools served by a local educational agency, a State
        educational agency may choose to review the progress of only the
        students in such schools who are served, or are eligible for
        services, under this part.
            ``(5) Opportunity to review and present evidence.--
                    ``(A) Review.--Before identifying a local
                educational agency for improvement under paragraph (3) 
                or corrective action under paragraph (10), a State
                educational agency shall provide the local educational
                agency with an opportunity to review the data, including
                academic assessment data, on which the proposed
                identification is based.
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Evidence.--If the local
                educational agency believes that the proposed
                identification is in error for statistical or other
                substantive reasons, the agency may provide supporting
                evidence to the State educational agency, which shall
                consider the evidence before making a final
                determination not later than 30 days after the State
                educational agency provides the local educational agency
                with the opportunity to review such data under
                subparagraph (A).
            ``(6) Notification to parents.--The State educational agency
        shall promptly provide to the parents (in a format and, to the
        extent practicable, in a language the parents can understand) of
        each student enrolled in a school served by a local educational
        agency identified for improvement, the results of the review
        under paragraph (1) and, if the agency is identified for
        improvement, the reasons for that identification and how parents
        can participate in upgrading the quality of the local
        educational agency.
            ``(7) Local educational agency revisions.--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Plan.--Each local
                educational agency identified under paragraph (3) shall, 
                not later than 3 months after being so identified, 
                develop or revise a local educational agency plan, in
                consultation with parents, school staff, and others. 
                Such plan shall--
                          ``(i) incorporate scientifically based
                      research strategies that strengthen the core
                      academic program in schools served by the local
                      educational agency;
                          ``(ii) identify actions that have the greatest
                      likelihood of improving the achievement of
                      participating children in meeting the State's
                      student academic achievement standards;
                          ``(iii) address the professional development
                      needs of the instructional staff serving the
                      agency by committing to spend not less than 10
                      percent of the funds received by the local
                      educational agency under subpart 2 for each fiscal
                      year in which the agency is identified

[[Page 115 STAT. 1489]]

                      for improvement for professional development
                      (including funds reserved for professional
                      development under subsection (b)(3)(A)(iii)), but
                      excluding funds reserved for professional
                      development under section 1119;
                          ``(iv) include specific measurable achievement
                      goals and targets for each of the groups of
                      students identified in the disaggregated data
                      pursuant to section 1111(b)(2)(C)(v), consistent
                      with adequate yearly progress as defined under
                      section 1111(b)(2);
                          ``(v) address the fundamental teaching and
                      learning needs in the schools of that agency, and
                      the specific academic problems of low-achieving
                      students, including a determination of why the
                      local educational agency's prior plan failed to
                      bring about increased student academic
                      achievement;
                          ``(vi) incorporate, as appropriate, activities
                      before school, after school, during the summer, 
                      and during an extension of the school year;
                          ``(vii) specify the responsibilities of the
                      State educational agency and the local educational
                      agency under the plan, including specifying the
                      technical assistance to be provided by the State
                      educational agency under paragraph (9) and the
                      local educational agency's responsibilities under
                      section 1120A; and
                          ``(viii) include strategies to promote
                      effective parental involvement in the school.
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Implementation.--The
                local educational agency shall implement the plan
                (including a revised plan) expeditiously, but not later
                than the beginning of the next school year after the
                school year in which the agency was identified for
                improvement.
            ``(9) State educational agency responsibility.--
                    ``(A) Technical or other assistance.--For each local
                educational agency identified under paragraph (3), the
                State educational agency shall provide technical or
                other assistance if requested, as authorized under
                section 1117, to better enable the local educational
                agency to--
                          ``(i) develop and implement the local
                      educational agency's plan; and
                          ``(ii) work with schools needing improvement.
                    ``(B) Methods and strategies.--Technical assistance
                provided under this section by the State educational
                agency or an entity authorized by such agency shall be
                supported by effective methods and instructional
                strategies based on scientifically based research. Such
                technical assistance shall address problems, if any, in
                implementing the parental involvement activities
                described in section 1118 and the professional
                development activities described in section 1119.
            ``(10) Corrective action.--In order to help students served
        under this part meet challenging State student academic
        achievement standards, each State shall implement a system of
        corrective action in accordance with the following:
                    ``(A) Definition.--As used in this paragraph, the
                term `corrective action' means action, consistent with
                State law, that--

[[Page 115 STAT. 1490]]

                          ``(i) substantially and directly responds to
                      the consistent academic failure that caused the
                      State to take such action and to any underlying
                      staffing, curricular, or other problems in the
                      agency; and
                          ``(ii) is designed to meet the goal of having
                      all students served under this part achieve at the
                      proficient and advanced student academic
                      achievement levels.
                    ``(B) General requirements.--After providing
                technical assistance under paragraph (9) and subject to
                subparagraph (E), the State--
                          ``(i) may take corrective action at any time
                      with respect to a local educational agency that
                      has been identified under paragraph (3);
                          ``(ii) shall take corrective action with
                      respect to any local educational agency that fails
                      to make adequate yearly progress, as defined by
                      the State, by the end of the second full school
                      year after the identification of the agency under
                      paragraph (3); and
                          ``(iii) shall continue to provide technical
                      assistance while instituting any corrective action
                      under clause (i) or (ii).
                    ``(C) Certain corrective actions required.--In the
                case of a local educational agency identified for
                corrective action, the State educational agency shall
                take at least one of the following corrective actions:
                          ``(i) Deferring programmatic funds or reducing
                      administrative funds.
                          ``(ii) Instituting and fully implementing a
                      new curriculum that is based on State and local
                      academic content and achievement standards, 
                      including providing appropriate professional
                      development based on scientifically based research
                      for all relevant staff, that offers substantial
                      promise of improving educational achievement for
                      low-achieving students.
                          ``(iii) Replacing the local educational agency
                      personnel who are relevant to the failure to make
                      adequate yearly progress.
                          ``(iv) Removing particular schools from the
                      jurisdiction of the local educational agency and
                      establishing alternative arrangements for public
                      governance and supervision of such schools.
                          ``(v) Appointing, through the State
                      educational agency, a receiver or trustee to
                      administer the affairs of the local educational
                      agency in place of the superintendent and school
                      board.
                          ``(vi) Abolishing or restructuring the local
                      educational agency.
                          ``(vii) Authorizing students to transfer from
                      a school operated by the local educational agency
                      to a higher-performing public school operated by
                      another local educational agency in accordance
                      with subsections (b)(1)(E) and (F), and providing
                      to such students transportation (or the costs of
                      transportation) to such schools consistent with
                      subsection (b)(9), in conjunction with carrying
                      out not less than one additional action described
                      under this subparagraph.

[[Page 115 STAT. 1491]]

                    ``(D) <<NOTE: Notice. Deadline.>>  Hearing.--Prior
                to implementing any corrective action under this
                paragraph, the State educational agency shall provide
                notice and a hearing to the affected local educational
                agency, if State law provides for such notice and
                hearing. The hearing shall take place not later than 45
                days following the decision to implement corrective
                action.
                    ``(E) <<NOTE: Publication.>>  Notice to parents.--
                The State educational agency shall publish, and
                disseminate to parents and the public, information on
                any corrective action the State educational agency takes
                under this paragraph through such means as the Internet, 
                the media, and public agencies.
                    ``(F) Delay.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (B)(ii), 
                a State educational agency may delay, for a period not
                to exceed 1 year, implementation of corrective action
                under this paragraph if the local educational agency
                makes adequate yearly progress for 1 year or its failure
                to make adequate yearly progress is due to exceptional
                or uncontrollable circumstances, such as a natural
                disaster or a precipitous and unforeseen decline in the
                financial resources of the local educational agency. No
                such period shall be taken into account in determining
                the number of consecutive years of failure to make
                adequate yearly progress.
            ``(11) Special rule.--If a local educational agency makes
        adequate yearly progress for two consecutive school years
        beginning after the date of identification of the agency under
        paragraph (3), the State educational agency need no longer
        identify the local educational agency for improvement or subject
        the local educational agency to corrective action for the
        succeeding school year.

    ``(d) Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to
alter or otherwise affect the rights, remedies, and procedures afforded
school or school district employees under Federal, State, or local laws
(including applicable regulations or court orders) or under the terms of
collective bargaining agreements, memoranda of understanding, or other
agreements between such employees and their employers.
    ``(e) Supplemental Educational Services.--
            ``(1) Supplemental educational services.--In the case of any
        school described in paragraph (5), (7), or (8) of subsection
        (b), the local educational agency serving such school shall, 
        subject to this subsection, arrange for the provision of
        supplemental educational services to eligible children in the
        school from a provider with a demonstrated record of
        effectiveness, that is selected by the parents and approved for
        that purpose by the State educational agency in accordance with
        reasonable criteria, consistent with paragraph (5), that the
        State educational agency shall adopt.
            ``(2) Local educational agency responsibilities.--Each local
        educational agency subject to this subsection shall--
                    ``(A) provide, at a minimum, annual notice to
                parents (in an understandable and uniform format and, to
                the extent practicable, in a language the parents can
                understand) of--
                          ``(i) the availability of services under this
                      subsection;

[[Page 115 STAT. 1492]]

                          ``(ii) the identity of approved providers of
                      those services that are within the local
                      educational agency or whose services are
                      reasonably available in neighboring local
                      educational agencies; and
                          ``(iii) a brief description of the services, 
                      qualifications, and demonstrated effectiveness of
                      each such provider;
                    ``(B) if requested, assist parents in choosing a
                provider from the list of approved providers maintained
                by the State;
                    ``(C) apply fair and equitable procedures for
                serving students if the number of spaces at approved
                providers is not sufficient to serve all students; and
                    ``(D) not disclose to the public the identity of any
                student who is eligible for, or receiving, supplemental
                educational services under this subsection without the
                written permission of the parents of the student.
            ``(3) Agreement.--In the case of the selection of an
        approved provider by a parent, the local educational agency
        shall enter into an agreement with such provider. Such agreement
        shall--
                    ``(A) require the local educational agency to
                develop, in consultation with parents (and the provider
                chosen by the parents), a statement of specific
                achievement goals for the student, how the student's
                progress will be measured, and a timetable for improving
                achievement that, in the case of a student with
                disabilities, is consistent with the student's
                individualized education program under section 614(d) of
                the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act;
                    ``(B) describe how the student's parents and the
                student's teacher or teachers will be regularly informed
                of the student's progress;
                    ``(C) provide for the termination of such agreement
                if the provider is unable to meet such goals and
                timetables;
                    ``(D) contain provisions with respect to the making
                of payments to the provider by the local educational
                agency; and
                    ``(E) prohibit the provider from disclosing to the
                public the identity of any student eligible for, or
                receiving, supplemental educational services under this
                subsection without the written permission of the parents
                of such student.
            ``(4) State educational agency responsibilities.--A State
        educational agency shall--
                    ``(A) in consultation with local educational
                agencies, parents, teachers, and other interested
                members of the public, promote maximum participation by
                providers to ensure, to the extent practicable, that
                parents have as many choices as possible;
                    ``(B) develop and apply objective criteria, 
                consistent with paragraph (5), to potential providers
                that are based on a demonstrated record of effectiveness
                in increasing the academic proficiency of students in
                subjects relevant to meeting the State academic content
                and student achievement standards adopted under section
                1111(b)(1);
                    ``(C) <<NOTE: Records.>>  maintain an updated list
                of approved providers across the State, by school
                district, from which parents may select;

[[Page 115 STAT. 1493]]

                    ``(D) <<NOTE: Reports. Public information.>>  
                develop, implement, and publicly report on standards and
                techniques for monitoring the quality and effectiveness
                of the services offered by approved providers under this
                subsection, and for withdrawing approval from providers
                that fail, for 2 consecutive years, to contribute to
                increasing the academic proficiency of students served
                under this subsection as described in subparagraph (B); 
                and
                    ``(E) <<NOTE: Notice.>>  provide annual notice to
                potential providers of supplemental educational services
                of the opportunity to provide services under this
                subsection and of the applicable procedures for
                obtaining approval from the State educational agency to
                be an approved provider of those services.
            ``(5) Criteria for providers.--In order for a provider to be
        included on the State list under paragraph (4)(C), a provider
        shall agree to carry out the following:
                    ``(A) Provide parents of children receiving
                supplemental educational services under this subsection
                and the appropriate local educational agency with
                information on the progress of the children in
                increasing achievement, in a format and, to the extent
                practicable, a language that such parents can
                understand.
                    ``(B) Ensure that instruction provided and content
                used by the provider are consistent with the instruction
                provided and content used by the local educational
                agency and State, and are aligned with State student
                academic achievement standards.
                    ``(C) Meet all applicable Federal, State, and local
                health, safety, and civil rights laws.
                    ``(D) Ensure that all instruction and content under
                this subsection are secular, neutral, and
                nonideological.
            ``(6) Amounts for supplemental educational services.--The
        amount that a local educational agency shall make available for
        supplemental educational services for each child receiving those
        services under this subsection shall be the lesser of--
                    ``(A) the amount of the agency's allocation under
                subpart 2, divided by the number of children from
                families below the poverty level counted under section
                1124(c)(1)(A); or
                    ``(B) the actual costs of the supplemental
                educational services received by the child.
            ``(7) Funds provided by state educational agency.--Each
        State educational agency may use funds that the agency reserves
        under this part, and part A of title V, to assist local
        educational agencies that do not have sufficient funds to
        provide services under this subsection for all eligible students
        requesting such services.
            ``(8) Duration.--The local educational agency shall continue
        to provide supplemental educational services to a child
        receiving such services under this subsection until the end of
        the school year in which such services were first received.
            ``(9) Prohibition.--Nothing contained in this subsection
        shall permit the making of any payment for religious worship or
        instruction.
            ``(10) Waiver.--

[[Page 115 STAT. 1494]]

                    ``(A) Requirement.--At the request of a local
                educational agency, a State educational agency may
                waive, in whole or in part, the requirement of this
                subsection to provide supplemental educational services
                if the State educational agency determines that--
                          ``(i) none of the providers of those services
                      on the list approved by the State educational
                      agency under paragraph (4)(C) makes those services
                      available in the area served by the local
                      educational agency or within a reasonable distance
                      of that area; and
                          ``(ii) the local educational agency provides
                      evidence that it is not able to provide those
                      services.
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Notification.--The State
                educational agency shall notify the local educational
                agency, within 30 days of receiving the local
                educational agency's request for a waiver under
                subparagraph (A), whether the request is approved or
                disapproved and, if disapproved, the reasons for the
                disapproval, in writing.
            ``(11) Special rule.--If State law prohibits a State
        educational agency from carrying out one or more of its
        responsibilities under paragraph (4) with respect to those who
        provide, or seek approval to provide, supplemental educational
        services, each local educational agency in the State shall carry
        out those responsibilities with respect to its students who are
        eligible for those services.
            ``(12) Definitions.--In this subsection--
                    ``(A) the term `eligible child' means a child from a
                low-income family, as determined by the local
                educational agency for purposes of allocating funds to
                schools under section 1113(c)(1);
                    ``(B) the term `provider' means a non-profit entity, 
                a for-profit entity, or a local educational agency
                that--
                          ``(i) has a demonstrated record of
                      effectiveness in increasing student academic
                      achievement;
                          ``(ii) is capable of providing supplemental
                      educational services that are consistent with the
                      instructional program of the local educational
                      agency and the academic standards described under
                      section 1111; and
                          ``(iii) is financially sound; and
                    ``(C) the term `supplemental educational services' 
                means tutoring and other supplemental academic
                enrichment services that are--
                          ``(i) in addition to instruction provided
                      during the school day; and
                          ``(ii) are of high quality, research-based, 
                      and specifically designed to increase the academic
                      achievement of eligible children on the academic
                      assessments required under section 1111 and attain
                      proficiency in meeting the State's academic
                      achievement standards.

    ``(f) Schools and LEAs Previously Identified for Improvement or
Corrective Action.--
            ``(1) Schools.--
                    ``(A) School improvement.--
                          ``(i) Schools in school-improvement status
                      before date of enactment.--Any school that was in
                      the first year of school improvement status under

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                      this section on the day preceding the date of
                      enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001
                      (as this section was in effect on such day) shall
                      be treated by the local educational agency as a
                      school that is in the first year of school
                      improvement status under paragraph (1).
                          ``(ii) Schools in school-improvement status
                      for 2 or more years before date of enactment.--Any
                      school that was in school improvement status under
                      this section for two or more consecutive school
                      years preceding the date of enactment of the No
                      Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (as this section was
                      in effect on such day) shall be treated by the
                      local educational agency as a school described in
                      subsection (b)(5).
                    ``(B) Corrective action.--Any school that was in
                corrective action status under this section on the day
                preceding the date of enactment of the No Child Left
                Behind Act of 2001 (as this section was in effect on
                such day) shall be treated by the local educational
                agency as a school described in paragraph (7).
            ``(2) LEAs.--
                    ``(A) LEA improvement.--A State shall identify for
                improvement under subsection (c)(3) any local
                educational agency that was in improvement status under
                this section as this section was in effect on the day
                preceding the date of enactment of the No Child Left
                Behind Act of 2001.
                    ``(B) Corrective action.--A State shall identify for
                corrective action under subsection (c)(10) any local
                educational agency that was in corrective action status
                under this section as this section was in effect on the
                day preceding the date of enactment of the No Child Left
                Behind Act of 2001.
                    ``(C) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Special rule.--For the
                schools and other local educational agencies described
                under paragraphs (1) and (2), as required, the State
                shall ensure that public school choice in accordance
                with subparagraphs (b)(1)(E) and (F) and supplemental
                education services in accordance with subsection (e) are
                provided not later than the first day of the 2002-2003
                school year.
                    ``(D) Transition.--With respect to a determination
                that a local educational agency has for 2 consecutive
                years failed to make adequate yearly progress as defined
                in the State plan under section 1111(b)(2), such
                determination shall include in such 2-year period any
                continuous period of time immediately preceding the date
                of enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001
                during which the agency has failed to make such
                progress.

    ``(g) Schools Funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs.--
            ``(1) Adequate yearly progress for bureau funded schools.--
                    ``(A) Development of definition.--
                          ``(i) Definition.--The Secretary of the
                      Interior, in consultation with the Secretary if
                      the Secretary of Interior requests the
                      consultation, using the process set out in section
                      1138(b) of the Education Amendments of 1978, shall
                      define adequate yearly progress,

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                      consistent with section 1111(b), for the schools
                      funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs on a
                      regional or tribal basis, as appropriate, taking
                      into account the unique circumstances and needs of
                      such schools and the students served by such
                      schools.
                          ``(ii) Use of definition.--The Secretary of
                      the Interior, consistent with clause (i), may use
                      the definition of adequate yearly progress that
                      the State in which the school that is funded by
                      the Bureau is located uses consistent with section
                      1111(b), or in the case of schools that are
                      located in more than one State, the Secretary of
                      the Interior may use whichever State definition of
                      adequate yearly progress that best meets the
                      unique circumstances and needs of such school or
                      schools and the students the schools serve.
                    ``(B) Waiver.--The tribal governing body or school
                board of a school funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs
                may waive, in part or in whole, the definition of
                adequate yearly progress established pursuant to
                paragraph (A) where such definition is determined by
                such body or school board to be
                inappropriate. <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  If such definition
                is waived, the tribal governing body or school board
                shall, within 60 days thereafter, submit to the
                Secretary of Interior a proposal for an alternative
                definition of adequate yearly progress, consistent with
                section 1111(b), that takes into account the unique
                circumstances and needs of such school or schools and
                the students served. The Secretary of the Interior, in
                consultation with the Secretary if the Secretary of
                Interior requests the consultation, shall approve such
                alternative definition unless the Secretary determines
                that the definition does not meet the requirements of
                section 1111(b), taking into account the unique
                circumstances and needs of such school or schools and
                the students served.
                    ``(C) Technical assistance.--The Secretary of
                Interior shall, in consultation with the Secretary if
                the Secretary of Interior requests the consultation, 
                either directly or through a contract, provide technical
                assistance, upon request, to a tribal governing body or
                school board of a school funded by the Bureau of Indian
                Affairs that seeks to develop an alternative definition
                of adequate yearly progress.
            ``(2) Accountability for bia schools.--For the purposes of
        this section, schools funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs
        shall be considered schools subject to subsection (b), as
        specifically provided for in this subsection, except that such
        schools shall not be subject to subsection (c), or the
        requirements to provide public school choice and supplemental
        educational services under subsections (b) and (e).
            ``(3) School improvement for bureau schools.--
                    ``(A) Contract and grant schools.--For a school
                funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs which is operated
                under a contract issued by the Secretary of the Interior
                pursuant to the Indian Self-Determination Act (25 U.S.C. 
                450 et seq.) or under a grant issued by the Secretary of
                the Interior pursuant to the Tribally Controlled Schools
                Act of 1988 (25 U.S.C. 2501 et seq.), the school board

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                of such school shall be responsible for meeting the
                requirements of subsection (b) relating to development
                and implementation of any school improvement plan as
                described in subsections (b)(1) through (b)(3), and
                subsection (b)(5), other than subsection (b)(1)(E). The
                Bureau of Indian Affairs shall be responsible for
                meeting the requirements of subsection (b)(4) relating
                to technical assistance.
                    ``(B) Bureau operated schools.--For schools operated
                by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the Bureau shall be
                responsible for meeting the requirements of subsection
                (b) relating to development and implementation of any
                school improvement plan as described in subsections
                (b)(1) through (b)(5), other than subsection (b)(1)(E).
            ``(4) Corrective action and restructuring for bureau-funded
        schools.--
                    ``(A) Contract and grant schools.--For a school
                funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs which is operated
                under a contract issued by the Secretary of the Interior
                pursuant to the Indian Self-Determination Act (25 U.S.C. 
                450 et seq.) or under a grant issued by the Secretary of
                the Interior pursuant to the Tribally Controlled Schools
                Act of 1988 (25 U.S.C. 2501 et seq.), the school board
                of such school shall be responsible for meeting the
                requirements of subsection (b) relating to corrective
                action and restructuring as described in subsection
                (b)(7) and (b)(8). Any action taken by such school board
                under subsection (b)(7) or (b)(8) shall take into
                account the unique circumstances and structure of the
                Bureau of Indian Affairs-funded school system and the
                laws governing that system.
                    ``(B) Bureau operated schools.--For schools operated
                by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the Bureau shall be
                responsible for meeting the requirements of subsection
                (b) relating to corrective action and restructuring as
                described in subsection (b)(7) and (b)(8). Any action
                taken by the Bureau under subsection (b)(7) or (b)(8) 
                shall take into account the unique circumstances and
                structure of the Bureau of Indian Affairs-funded school
                system and the laws governing that system.
            ``(5) Annual report.--On an annual basis, the Secretary of
        the Interior shall report to the Secretary of Education and to
        the appropriate committees of Congress regarding any schools
        funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs which have been
        identified for school improvement. Such report shall include--
                    ``(A) the identity of each school;
                    ``(B) a statement from each affected school board
                regarding the factors that lead to such identification; 
                and
                    ``(C) an analysis by the Secretary of the Interior, 
                in consultation with the Secretary if the Secretary of
                Interior requests the consultation, as to whether
                sufficient resources were available to enable such
                school to achieve adequate yearly progress.

    ``(h) Other Agencies.--After receiving the notice described in
subsection (b)(14)(D), the Secretary may notify, to the extent

[[Page 115 STAT. 1498]]

feasible and necessary as determined by the Secretary, other relevant
Federal agencies regarding the major factors that were determined by the
State educational agency to have significantly affected student academic
achievement.