SEC. 1201




Section Summary


ESSA Update


    ``(a) Grants Authorized.--From amounts made available in accordance
with section 1203, the Secretary shall make grants to State educational
agencies to enable the States to carry out 1 or more of the following:
            ``(1) To pay the costs of the development of the State
        assessments and standards adopted under section 1111(b), which
        may include the costs of working in voluntary partnerships with
        other States, at the sole discretion of each such State.
            ``(2) If a State has developed the assessments adopted under
        section 1111(b), to administer those assessments or to carry out
        other assessment activities described in this part, such as the
                    ``(A) Ensuring the provision of appropriate
                accommodations available to English learners and
                children with disabilities to improve the rates of
                inclusion in regular assessments of such children, 
                including professional development activities to improve
                the implementation of such accommodations in
                instructional practice.
                    ``(B) Developing challenging State academic
                standards and aligned assessments in academic subjects
                for which standards and assessments are not required
                under section 1111(b).

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                    ``(C) Developing or improving assessments for
                English learners, including assessments of English
                language proficiency as required under section
                1111(b)(2)(G) and academic assessments in languages
                other than English to meet the State's obligations under
                section 1111(b)(2)(F).
                    ``(D) Ensuring the continued validity and
                reliability of State assessments.
                    ``(E) Refining State assessments to ensure their
                continued alignment with the challenging State academic
                standards and to improve the alignment of curricula and
                instructional materials.
                    ``(F) Developing or improving balanced assessment
                systems that include summative, interim, and formative
                assessments, including supporting local educational
                agencies in developing or improving such assessments.
                    ``(G) At the discretion of the State, refining
                science assessments required under section 1111(b)(2) in
                order to integrate engineering design skills and
                practices into such assessments.
                    ``(H) Developing or improving models to measure and
                assess student progress or student growth on State
                assessments under section 1111(b)(2) and other
                assessments not required under section 1111(b)(2).
                    ``(I) Developing or improving assessments for
                children with disabilities, including alternate
                assessments aligned to alternate academic achievement
                standards for students with the most significant
                cognitive disabilities described in section
                1111(b)(2)(D), and using the principles of universal
                design for learning.
                    ``(J) Allowing for collaboration with institutions
                of higher education, other research institutions, or
                other organizations to improve the quality, validity, 
                and reliability of State academic assessments beyond the
                requirements for such assessments described in section
                    ``(K) Measuring student academic achievement using
                multiple measures of student academic achievement from
                multiple sources.
                    ``(L) Evaluating student academic achievement
                through the development of comprehensive academic
                assessment instruments (such as performance and
                technology-based academic assessments, computer adaptive
                assessments, projects, or extended performance task
                assessments) that emphasize the mastery of standards and
                aligned competencies in a competency-based education
                    ``(M) Designing the report cards and reports under
                section 1111(h) in an easily accessible, user friendly-
                manner that cross-tabulates student information by any
                category the State determines appropriate, as long as
                such cross-tabulation--
                          ``(i) does not reveal personally identifiable
                      information about an individual student; and
                          ``(ii) is derived from existing State and
                      local reporting requirements.

    ``(b) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in subsection (a)(2)(M) shall
be construed as authorizing, requiring, or allowing any additional
reporting requirements, data elements, or information to

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be reported to the Secretary unless such reporting, data, or information
is explicitly authorized under this Act.
    ``(c) Annual Report.--Each State educational agency receiving a
grant under this section shall submit an annual report to the Secretary
describing the State's activities under the grant and the result of such



                       ``Subpart 1--Reading First

``SEC. <<NOTE: 20 USC 6361.>> 1201. PURPOSES.

    ``The purposes of this subpart are as follows:
            ``(1) To provide assistance to State educational agencies
        and local educational agencies in establishing reading programs
        for students in kindergarten through grade 3 that are based on
        scientifically based reading research, to ensure that every
        student can read at grade level or above not later than the end
        of grade 3.
            ``(2) To provide assistance to State educational agencies
        and local educational agencies in preparing teachers, including
        special education teachers, through professional development and
        other support, so the teachers can identify specific reading
        barriers facing their students and so the teachers have the
        tools to effectively help their students learn to read.
            ``(3) To provide assistance to State educational agencies
        and local educational agencies in selecting or administering
        screening, diagnostic, and classroom-based instructional reading
            ``(4) To provide assistance to State educational agencies
        and local educational agencies in selecting or developing
        effective instructional materials (including classroom-based
        materials to assist teachers in implementing the essential
        components of reading instruction), programs, learning systems, 
        and strategies to implement methods that have been proven to
        prevent or remediate reading failure within a State.
            ``(5) To strengthen coordination among schools, early
        literacy programs, and family literacy programs to improve
        reading achievement for all children.