SEC. 2002/2102

  DEFINITIONS

 

 

Section Summary

 


ESSA Update

``SEC. 2002. <<NOTE: 20 USC 6602.>> DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this title:
            ``(1) School leader residency program.--The term `school
        leader residency program' means a school-based principal or
        other school leader preparation program in which a prospective
        principal or other school leader--
                    ``(A) for 1 academic year, engages in sustained and
                rigorous clinical learning with substantial leadership
                responsibilities and an opportunity to practice and be
                evaluated in an authentic school setting; and
                    ``(B) during that academic year--
                          ``(i) participates in evidence-based
                      coursework, to the extent the State (in
                      consultation with local educational agencies in
                      the State) determines that such evidence is
                      reasonably available, that is integrated with the
                      clinical residency experience; and
                          ``(ii) receives ongoing support from a mentor
                      principal or other school leader, who is
                      effective.
            ``(2) State.--The term `State' means each of the 50 States, 
        the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
            ``(3) State authorizer.--The term `State authorizer' means
        an entity designated by the Governor of a State to recognize
        teacher, principal, or other school leader preparation academies
        within the State that--
                    ``(A) enters into an agreement with a teacher, 
                principal, or other school leader preparation academy
                that specifies the goals expected of the academy, as
                described in paragraph (4)(A)(i);
                    ``(B) may be a nonprofit organization, State
                educational agency, or other public entity, or
                consortium of such entities (including a consortium of
                States); and
                    ``(C) does not reauthorize a teacher, principal, or
                other school leader preparation academy if the academy
                fails to produce the minimum number or percentage of
                effective teachers or principals or other school
                leaders, respectively

[[Page 129 STAT. 1915]]

                (as determined by the State), identified in the
                academy's authorizing agreement.
            ``(4) Teacher, principal, or other school leader preparation
        academy.--The term `teacher, principal, or other school leader
        preparation academy' means a public or other nonprofit entity, 
        which may be an institution of higher education or an
        organization affiliated with an institution of higher education, 
        that establishes an academy that will prepare teachers, 
        principals, or other school leaders to serve in high-needs
        schools, and that--
                    ``(A) enters into an agreement with a State
                authorizer that specifies the goals expected of the
                academy, including--
                          ``(i) a requirement that prospective teachers, 
                      principals, or other school leaders who are
                      enrolled in the academy receive a significant part
                      of their training through clinical preparation
                      that partners the prospective candidate with an
                      effective teacher, principal, or other school
                      leader, as determined by the State, respectively, 
                      with a demonstrated record of increasing student
                      academic achievement, including for the subgroups
                      of students defined in section 1111(c)(2), while
                      also receiving concurrent instruction from the
                      academy in the content area (or areas) in which
                      the prospective teacher, principal, or other
                      school leader will become certified or licensed
                      that links to the clinical preparation experience;
                          ``(ii) the number of effective teachers, 
                      principals, or other school leaders, respectively, 
                      who will demonstrate success in increasing student
                      academic achievement that the academy will
                      prepare; and
                          ``(iii) a requirement that the academy will
                      award a certificate of completion (or degree, if
                      the academy is, or is affiliated with, an
                      institution of higher education) to a teacher only
                      after the teacher demonstrates that the teacher is
                      an effective teacher, as determined by the State, 
                      with a demonstrated record of increasing student
                      academic achievement either as a student teacher
                      or teacher-of-record on an alternative
                      certificate, license, or credential;
                          ``(iv) a requirement that the academy will
                      award a certificate of completion (or degree, if
                      the academy is, or is affiliated with, an
                      institution of higher education) to a principal or
                      other school leader only after the principal or
                      other school leader demonstrates a record of
                      success in improving student performance; and
                          ``(v) timelines for producing cohorts of
                      graduates and conferring certificates of
                      completion (or degrees, if the academy is, or is
                      affiliated with, an institution of higher
                      education) from the academy;
                    ``(B) does not have unnecessary restrictions on the
                methods the academy will use to train prospective
                teacher, principal, or other school leader candidates, 
                including--
                          ``(i) obligating (or prohibiting) the
                      academy's faculty to hold advanced degrees or
                      conduct academic research;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1916]]

                          ``(ii) restrictions related to the academy's
                      physical infrastructure;
                          ``(iii) restrictions related to the number of
                      course credits required as part of the program of
                      study;
                          ``(iv) restrictions related to the
                      undergraduate coursework completed by teachers
                      teaching or working on alternative certificates, 
                      licenses, or credentials, as long as such teachers
                      have successfully passed all relevant State-
                      approved content area examinations; or
                          ``(v) restrictions related to obtaining
                      accreditation from an accrediting body for
                      purposes of becoming an academy;
                    ``(C) limits admission to its program to prospective
                teacher, principal, or other school leader candidates
                who demonstrate strong potential to improve student
                academic achievement, based on a rigorous selection
                process that reviews a candidate's prior academic
                achievement or record of professional accomplishment; 
                and
                    ``(D) results in a certificate of completion or
                degree that the State may, after reviewing the academy's
                results in producing effective teachers, or principals, 
                or other school leaders, respectively (as determined by
                the State) recognize as at least the equivalent of a
                master's degree in education for the purposes of hiring, 
                retention, compensation, and promotion in the State.
            ``(5) Teacher residency program.--The term `teacher
        residency program' means a school-based teacher preparation
        program in which a prospective teacher--
                    ``(A) for not less than 1 academic year, teaches
                alongside an effective teacher, as determined by the
                State or local educational agency, who is the teacher of
                record for the classroom;
                    ``(B) receives concurrent instruction during the
                year described in subparagraph (A)--
                          ``(i) through courses that may be taught by
                      local educational agency personnel or by faculty
                      of the teacher preparation program; and
                          ``(ii) in the teaching of the content area in
                      which the teacher will become certified or
                      licensed; and
                    ``(C) acquires effective teaching skills, as
                demonstrated through completion of a residency program, 
                or other measure determined by the State, which may
                include a teacher performance assessment.


NCLB Text

``SEC. <<NOTE: 20 USC 6602.>> 2102. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this part:
            ``(1) Arts and sciences.--The term `arts and sciences' 
        means--
                    ``(A) when referring to an organizational unit of an
                institution of higher education, any academic unit that
                offers one or more academic majors in disciplines or
                content areas corresponding to the academic subjects in
                which teachers teach; and
                    ``(B) when referring to a specific academic subject, 
                the disciplines or content areas in which an academic
                major is offered by an organizational unit described in
                subparagraph (A).
            ``(2) Charter school.--The term `charter school' has the
        meaning given the term in section 5210.

[[Page 115 STAT. 1621]]

            ``(3) High-need local educational agency.--The term `high-
        need local educational agency' means a local educational
        agency--
                    ``(A)(i) that serves not fewer than 10,000 children
                from families with incomes below the poverty line; or
                    ``(ii) for which not less than 20 percent of the
                children served by the agency are from families with
                incomes below the poverty line; and
                    ``(B)(i) for which there is a high percentage of
                teachers not teaching in the academic subjects or grade
                levels that the teachers were trained to teach; or
                    ``(ii) for which there is a high percentage of
                teachers with emergency, provisional, or temporary
                certification or licensing.
            ``(4) Highly qualified paraprofessional.--The term `highly
        qualified paraprofessional' means a paraprofessional who has not
        less than 2 years of--
                    ``(A) experience in a classroom; and
                    ``(B) postsecondary education or demonstrated
                competence in a field or academic subject for which
                there is a significant shortage of qualified teachers.
            ``(5) Out-of-field teacher.--The term `out-of-field teacher' 
        means a teacher who is teaching an academic subject or a grade
        level for which the teacher is not highly qualified.
            ``(6) Principal.--The term `principal' includes an assistant
        principal.