SEC. 2211/2101, 2102

PURPOSES; DEFINITIONS

 

 

Section Summary

DRAFT:

This section states the purpose and definitions of subpart 1, the Teacher and School Leader Incentive Program.  Newly established by ESSA, this incentive program does not appear in NCLB.  It expands the uses of Title II funds for professional development by including not just core academic subject teachers as did NCLB, but teachers of every subject and other school staff.

The corresponding NCLB text provided are the purposes and definitions of the previous legislation's incentive program, the Teacher and Principal Training and Recruiting Fund.  This has been replaced by ESSA's Teacher and School Leader Incentive Program. --LIST DIFFERENCES AND IMPLICATIONS--

info about educator incentives:

http://www.ascd.org/ASCD/pdf/siteASCD/policy/ESSA-Title-II-FAQ_Mar222016.pdf


ESSA Update

``SEC. 2211. <<NOTE: 20 USC 6631.>> PURPOSES; DEFINITIONS.

    ``(a) Purposes.--The purposes of this subpart are--
            ``(1) to assist States, local educational agencies, and
        nonprofit organizations to develop, implement, improve, or
        expand comprehensive performance-based compensation systems or
        human capital management systems for teachers, principals, or
        other school leaders (especially for teachers, principals, or
        other school leaders in high-need schools) who raise student
        academic achievement and close the achievement gap between high- 
        and low-performing students; and
            ``(2) to study and review performance-based compensation
        systems or human capital management systems for teachers, 
        principals, or other school leaders to evaluate the
        effectiveness, fairness, quality, consistency, and reliability
        of the systems.

    ``(b) Definitions.--In this subpart:
            ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means--
                    ``(A) a local educational agency, including a
                charter school that is a local educational agency, or a
                consortium of local educational agencies;
                    ``(B) a State educational agency or other State
                agency designated by the chief executive of a State to
                participate under this subpart;
                    ``(C) the Bureau of Indian Education; or
                    ``(D) a partnership consisting of--
                          ``(i) 1 or more agencies described in
                      subparagraph (A), (B), or (C); and
                          ``(ii) at least 1 nonprofit or for-profit
                      entity.
            ``(2) High-need school.--The term `high-need school' means a
        public elementary school or secondary school that is located in
        an area in which the percentage of students from families with
        incomes below the poverty line is 30 percent or more.
            ``(3) Human capital management system.--The term `human
        capital management system' means a system--
                    ``(A) by which a local educational agency makes and
                implements human capital decisions, such as decisions on
                preparation, recruitment, hiring, placement, retention, 
                dismissal, compensation, professional development, 
                tenure, and promotion; and
                    ``(B) that includes a performance-based compensation
                system.
            ``(4) Performance-based compensation system.--The term
        `performance-based compensation system' means a system

[[Page 129 STAT. 1932]]

        of compensation for teachers, principals, or other school
        leaders--
                    ``(A) that differentiates levels of compensation
                based in part on measurable increases in student
                academic achievement; and
                    ``(B) which may include--
                          ``(i) differentiated levels of compensation, 
                      which may include bonus pay, on the basis of the
                      employment responsibilities and success of
                      effective teachers, principals, or other school
                      leaders in hard-to-staff schools or high-need
                      subject areas; and
                          ``(ii) recognition of the skills and knowledge
                      of teachers, principals, or other school leaders
                      as demonstrated through--
                                    ``(I) successful fulfillment of
                                additional responsibilities or job
                                functions, such as teacher leadership
                                roles; and
                                    ``(II) evidence of professional
                                achievement and mastery of content
                                knowledge and superior teaching and
                                leadership skills.


NCLB Text

``TITLE II--PREPARING, TRAINING, AND RECRUITING HIGH QUALITY TEACHERS AND PRINCIPALS

      ``PART A--TEACHER AND PRINCIPAL TRAINING AND RECRUITING FUND

``SEC. <<NOTE: 20 USC 6601.>> 2101. PURPOSE.

    ``The purpose of this part is to provide grants to State educational
agencies, local educational agencies, State agencies for higher
education, and eligible partnerships in order to--
            ``(1) increase student academic achievement through
        strategies such as improving teacher and principal quality and
        increasing the number of highly qualified teachers in the
        classroom and highly qualified principals and assistant
        principals in schools; and
            ``(2) hold local educational agencies and schools
        accountable for improvements in student academic achievement.

``SEC. <<NOTE: 20 USC 6602.>> 2102. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this part:
            ``(1) Arts and sciences.--The term `arts and sciences' 
        means--
                    ``(A) when referring to an organizational unit of an
                institution of higher education, any academic unit that
                offers one or more academic majors in disciplines or
                content areas corresponding to the academic subjects in
                which teachers teach; and
                    ``(B) when referring to a specific academic subject, 
                the disciplines or content areas in which an academic
                major is offered by an organizational unit described in
                subparagraph (A).
            ``(2) Charter school.--The term `charter school' has the
        meaning given the term in section 5210.

[[Page 115 STAT. 1621]]

            ``(3) High-need local educational agency.--The term `high-
        need local educational agency' means a local educational
        agency--
                    ``(A)(i) that serves not fewer than 10,000 children
                from families with incomes below the poverty line; or
                    ``(ii) for which not less than 20 percent of the
                children served by the agency are from families with
                incomes below the poverty line; and
                    ``(B)(i) for which there is a high percentage of
                teachers not teaching in the academic subjects or grade
                levels that the teachers were trained to teach; or
                    ``(ii) for which there is a high percentage of
                teachers with emergency, provisional, or temporary
                certification or licensing.
            ``(4) Highly qualified paraprofessional.--The term `highly
        qualified paraprofessional' means a paraprofessional who has not
        less than 2 years of--
                    ``(A) experience in a classroom; and
                    ``(B) postsecondary education or demonstrated
                competence in a field or academic subject for which
                there is a significant shortage of qualified teachers.
            ``(5) Out-of-field teacher.--The term `out-of-field teacher' 
        means a teacher who is teaching an academic subject or a grade
        level for which the teacher is not highly qualified.
            ``(6) Principal.--The term `principal' includes an assistant
        principal.