SEC. 1012




Section Summary


ESSA Update


    Section 1118, as redesignated by section 1000(4), <<NOTE: 20 USC
6321.>> is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``section 9521'' and
        inserting ``section 8521''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:

[[Page 129 STAT. 1875]]

    ``(b) Federal Funds To Supplement, Not Supplant, Non-Federal
            ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency or local
        educational agency shall use Federal funds received under this
        part only to supplement the funds that would, in the absence of
        such Federal funds, be made available from State and local
        sources for the education of students participating in programs
        assisted under this part, and not to supplant such funds.
            ``(2) Compliance.--To demonstrate compliance with paragraph
        (1), a local educational agency shall demonstrate that the
        methodology used to allocate State and local funds to each
        school receiving assistance under this part ensures that such
        school receives all of the State and local funds it would
        otherwise receive if it were not receiving assistance under this
            ``(3) Special rule.--No local educational agency shall be
        required to--
                    ``(A) identify that an individual cost or service
                supported under this part is supplemental; or
                    ``(B) provide services under this part through a
                particular instructional method or in a particular
                instructional setting in order to demonstrate such
                agency's compliance with paragraph (1).
            ``(4) Prohibition.--Nothing in this section shall be
        construed to authorize or permit the Secretary to prescribe the
        specific methodology a local educational agency uses to allocate
        State and local funds to each school receiving assistance under
        this part.
            ``(5) Timeline.--A local educational agency--
                    ``(A) shall meet the compliance requirement under
                paragraph (2) not later than 2 years after the date of
                enactment of the Every Student Succeeds Act; and
                    ``(B) may demonstrate compliance with the
                requirement under paragraph (1) before the end of such
                2-year period using the method such local educational
                agency used on the day before the date of enactment of
                the Every Student Succeeds Act.''.



    ``(a) System for Support.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State shall establish a statewide
        system of intensive and sustained support and improvement for
        local educational agencies and schools receiving funds under
        this part, in order to increase the opportunity for all students
        served by those agencies and schools to meet the State's
        academic content standards and student academic achievement
            ``(2) Priorities.--In carrying out this subsection, a State
                    ``(A) first, provide support and assistance to local
                educational agencies with schools subject to corrective
                action under section 1116 and assist those schools, in
                accordance with section 1116(b)(11), for which a local
                educational agency has failed to carry out its
                responsibilities under paragraphs (7) and (8) of section
                    ``(B) second, provide support and assistance to
                other local educational agencies with schools identified
                as in need of improvement under section 1116(b); and
                    ``(C) third, provide support and assistance to other
                local educational agencies and schools participating
                under this part that need that support and assistance in
                order to achieve the purpose of this part.
            ``(3) Regional centers.--Such a statewide system shall, to
        the extent practicable, work with and receive support and
        assistance from the comprehensive regional technical assistance
        centers and the regional educational laboratories under section
        941(h) of the Educational Research, Development, Dissemination, 
        and Improvement Act of 1994, or other providers of technical
            ``(4) Statewide system.--
                    ``(A) In order to achieve the purpose described in
                paragraph (1), the statewide system shall include, at a
                minimum, the following approaches:
                          ``(i) Establishing school support teams in
                      accordance with subparagraph (C) for assignment
                      to, and working in, schools in the State that are
                      described in paragraph (2).
                          ``(ii) Providing such support as the State
                      educational agency determines necessary and
                      available in order to ensure the effectiveness of
                      such teams.
                          ``(iii) Designating and using distinguished
                      teachers and principals who are chosen from
                      schools served under this part that have been
                      especially successful in improving academic
                          ``(iv) Devising additional approaches to
                      providing the assistance described in paragraph
                      (1), such as providing assistance through
                      institutions of higher education and educational
                      service agencies or other local consortia, and
                      private providers of scientifically based
                      technical assistance.

[[Page 115 STAT. 1499]]

                    ``(B) Priority.--The State educational agency shall
                give priority to the approach described in clause (i) of
                subparagraph (A).
            ``(5) School support teams.--
                    ``(A) Composition.--Each school support team
                established under this section shall be composed of
                persons knowledgeable about scientifically based
                research and practice on teaching and learning and about
                successful schoolwide projects, school reform, and
                improving educational opportunities for low-achieving
                students, including--
                          ``(i) highly qualified or distinguished
                      teachers and principals;
                          ``(ii) pupil services personnel;
                          ``(iii) parents;
                          ``(iv) representatives of institutions of
                      higher education;
                          ``(v) representatives of regional educational
                      laboratories or comprehensive regional technical
                      assistance centers;
                          ``(vi) representatives of outside consultant
                      groups; or
                          ``(vii) other individuals as the State
                      educational agency, in consultation with the local
                      educational agency, may determine appropriate.
                    ``(B) Functions.--Each school support team assigned
                to a school under this section shall--
                          ``(i) review and analyze all facets of the
                      school's operation, including the design and
                      operation of the instructional program, and assist
                      the school in developing recommendations for
                      improving student performance in that school;
                          ``(ii) collaborate with parents and school
                      staff and the local educational agency serving the
                      school in the design, implementation, and
                      monitoring of a plan that, if fully implemented, 
                      can reasonably be expected to improve student
                      performance and help the school meet its goals for
                      improvement, including adequate yearly progress
                      under section 1111(b)(2)(B);
                          ``(iii) evaluate, at least semiannually, the
                      effectiveness of school personnel assigned to the
                      school, including identifying outstanding teachers
                      and principals, and make findings and
                      recommendations to the school, the local
                      educational agency, and, where appropriate, the
                      State educational agency; and
                          ``(iv) make additional recommendations as the
                      school implements the plan described in clause
                      (ii) to the local educational agency and the State
                      educational agency concerning additional
                      assistance that is needed by the school or the
                      school support team.
                    ``(C) Continuation of assistance.--After one school
                year, from the beginning of the activities, such school
                support team, in consultation with the local educational
                agency, may recommend that the school support team
                continue to provide assistance to the school, or that
                the local educational agency or the State educational
                agency, as

[[Page 115 STAT. 1500]]

                appropriate, take alternative actions with regard to the

    ``(b) State Recognition.--
            ``(1) Academic achievement awards program.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State receiving a grant
                under this part--
                          ``(i) shall establish a program for making
                      academic achievement awards to recognize schools
                      that meet the criteria described in subparagraph
                      (B); and
                          ``(ii) as appropriate and as funds are
                      available under subsection (c)(2)(A), may
                      financially reward schools served under this part
                      that meet the criteria described in clause (ii).
                    ``(B) Criteria.--The criteria referred to in
                subparagraph (A) are that a school--
                          ``(i) significantly closed the achievement gap
                      between the groups of students described in
                      section 1111(b)(2); or
                          ``(ii) exceeded their adequate yearly
                      progress, consistent with section 1111(b)(2), for
                      2 or more consecutive years.
            ``(2) Distinguished schools.--Of those schools meeting the
        criteria described in paragraph (2), each State shall designate
        as distinguished schools those schools that have made the
        greatest gains in closing the achievement gap as described in
        subparagraph (B)(i) or exceeding adequate yearly progress as
        described in subparagraph (B)(ii). Such distinguished schools
        may serve as models for and provide support to other schools, 
        especially schools identified for improvement under section
        1116, to assist such schools in meeting the State's academic
        content standards and student academic achievement standards.
            ``(3) Awards to teachers.--A State program under paragraph
        (1) may also recognize and provide financial awards to teachers
        teaching in a school described in such paragraph that
        consistently makes significant gains in academic achievement in
        the areas in which the teacher provides instruction, or to
        teachers or principals designated as distinguished under
        subsection (a)(4)(A)(iii).

    ``(c) Funding.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State--
                    ``(A) shall use funds reserved under section 1003(a) 
                and may use funds made available under section 1003(g) 
                for the approaches described under subsection (a)(4)(A); 
                    ``(B) shall use State administrative funds
                authorized under section 1004(a) to establish the
                statewide system of support described under subsection
            ``(2) Reservations of funds by state.--
                    ``(A) Awards program.--For the purpose of carrying
                out subsection (b)(1), each State receiving a grant
                under this part may reserve, from the amount (if any) by
                which the funds received by the State under subpart 2
                for a fiscal year exceed the amount received by the
                State under that subpart for the preceding fiscal year, 
                not more than 5 percent of such excess amount.

[[Page 115 STAT. 1501]]

                    ``(B) Teacher awards.--For the purpose of carrying
                out subsection (b)(3), a State educational agency may
                reserve such funds as necessary from funds made
                available under section 2113.
            ``(3) Use within 3 years.--Notwithstanding any other
        provision of law, the amount reserved under subparagraph (A) by
        a State for each fiscal year shall remain available to the State
        until expended for a period not exceeding 3 years receipt of
            ``(4) Special allocation rule for schools in high-poverty
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State shall distribute not
                less than 75 percent of any amount reserved under
                paragraph (2)(A) for each fiscal year to schools
                described in subparagraph (B), or to teachers in those
                schools consistent with subsection (b)(3).
                    ``(B) School described.--A school described in
                subparagraph (A) is a school whose student population is
                in the highest quartile of schools statewide in terms of
                the percentage of children from low income families.