Section Summary


ESSA Update

 ``In this subpart:
            ``(1) Blended learning.--The term `blended learning' means a
        formal education program that leverages both technology-based
        and face-to-face instructional approaches--
                    ``(A) that include an element of online or digital
                learning, combined with supervised learning time, and
                student-led learning, in which the elements are
                connected to provide an integrated learning experience; 
                    ``(B) in which students are provided some control
                over time, path, or pace.
            ``(2) Controlled substance.--The term `controlled substance' 
        means a drug or other substance identified under Schedule I, II, 
        III, IV, or V in section 202(c) of the Controlled Substances Act
        (21 U.S.C. 812(c)).
            ``(3) Digital learning.--The term `digital learning' means
        any instructional practice that effectively uses technology to
        strengthen a student's learning experience and encompasses a
        wide spectrum of tools and practices, including--
                    ``(A) interactive learning resources, digital
                learning content (which may include openly licensed
                content), software, or simulations, that engage students
                in academic content;
                    ``(B) access to online databases and other primary
                source documents;
                    ``(C) the use of data and information to personalize
                learning and provide targeted supplementary instruction;
                    ``(D) online and computer-based assessments;
                    ``(E) learning environments that allow for rich
                collaboration and communication, which may include
                student collaboration with content experts and peers;
                    ``(F) hybrid or blended learning, which occurs under
                direct instructor supervision at a school or other
                location away from home and, at least in part, through
                online delivery of instruction with some element of
                student control over time, place, path, or pace; and
                    ``(G) access to online course opportunities for
                students in rural or remote areas.
            ``(4) Drug.--The term `drug' includes--
                    ``(A) controlled substances;
                    ``(B) the illegal use of alcohol or tobacco, 
                including smokeless tobacco products and electronic
                cigarettes; and
                    ``(C) the harmful, abusive, or addictive use of
                substances, including inhalants and anabolic steroids.
            ``(5) Drug and violence prevention.--The term `drug and
        violence prevention' means--
                    ``(A) with respect to drugs, prevention, early
                intervention, rehabilitation referral, recovery support
                services, or education related to the illegal use of
                drugs, such as raising awareness about the consequences
                of drug use that are evidence-based (to the extent a
                State, in consultation with local educational agencies
                in the State, determines that such evidence is
                reasonably available); and
                    ``(B) with respect to violence, the promotion of
                school safety, such that students and school personnel
                are free from violent and disruptive acts, including
                sexual harassment and abuse, and victimization
                associated with prejudice and intolerance, on school
                premises, going to and

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                from school, and at school-sponsored activities, through
                the creation and maintenance of a school environment
                that is free of weapons and fosters individual
                responsibility and respect for the rights of others.
            ``(6) School-based mental health services provider.--The
        term `school-based mental health services provider' includes a
        State-licensed or State-certified school counselor, school
        psychologist, school social worker, or other State licensed or
        certified mental health professional qualified under State law
        to provide mental health services to children and adolescents.
            ``(7) State.--The term `State' means each of the 50 States, 
        the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
            ``(8) Stem-focused specialty school.--The term `STEM-focused
        specialty school' means a school, or dedicated program within a
        school, that engages students in rigorous, relevant, and
        integrated learning experiences focused on science, technology, 
        engineering, and mathematics, including computer science, which
        include authentic schoolwide research.