SEC. 4104. STATE USE OF FUNDS

 

 

Section Summary

 


ESSA Update

 ``(a) In General.--Each State that receives an allotment under
section 4103 for a fiscal year shall--
            ``(1) reserve not less than 95 percent of the allotment to
        make allocations to local educational agencies under section
        4105;
            ``(2) reserve not more than 1 percent of the allotment for
        the administrative costs of carrying out its responsibilities
        under this subpart, including public reporting on how funds made
        available under this subpart are being expended by local
        educational agencies, including the degree to which the local
        educational agencies have made progress toward meeting the
        objectives and outcomes described in section 4106(e)(1)(E); and
            ``(3) use the amount made available to the State and not
        reserved under paragraphs (1) and (2) for activities described
        in subsection (b).

    ``(b) State Activities.--Each State that receives an allotment under
section 4103 shall use the funds available under subsection (a)(3) for
activities and programs designed to meet the purposes of this subpart, 
which may include--
            ``(1) providing monitoring of, and training, technical
        assistance, and capacity building to, local educational agencies
        that receive an allotment under section 4105;
            ``(2) identifying and eliminating State barriers to the
        coordination and integration of programs, initiatives, and
        funding streams that meet the purposes of this subpart, so that
        local educational agencies can better coordinate with other
        agencies, schools, and community-based services and programs; or

[[Page 129 STAT. 1972]]

            ``(3) supporting local educational agencies in providing
        programs and activities that--
                    ``(A) offer well-rounded educational experiences to
                all students, as described in section 4107, including
                female students, minority students, English learners, 
                children with disabilities, and low-income students who
                are often underrepresented in critical and enriching
                subjects, which may include--
                          ``(i) increasing student access to and
                      improving student engagement and achievement in--
                                    ``(I) high-quality courses in
                                science, technology, engineering, and
                                mathematics, including computer science;
                                    ``(II) activities and programs in
                                music and the arts;
                                    ``(III) foreign languages;
                                    ``(IV) accelerated learning programs
                                that provide--
                                            ``(aa) postsecondary level
                                        courses accepted for credit at
                                        institutions of higher
                                        education, including dual or
                                        concurrent enrollment programs, 
                                        and early college high schools; 
                                        or
                                            ``(bb) postsecondary level
                                        instruction and examinations
                                        that are accepted for credit at
                                        institutions of higher
                                        education, including Advanced
                                        Placement and International
                                        Baccalaureate programs;
                                    ``(V) American history, civics, 
                                economics, geography, social studies, or
                                government education;
                                    ``(VI) environmental education; or
                                    ``(VII) other courses, activities, 
                                and programs or other experiences that
                                contribute to a well-rounded education; 
                                or
                          ``(ii) reimbursing low-income students to
                      cover part or all of the costs of accelerated
                      learning examination fees, as described in clause
                      (i)(IV);
                    ``(B) foster safe, healthy, supportive, and drug-
                free environments that support student academic
                achievement, as described in section 4108, which may
                include--
                          ``(i) coordinating with any local educational
                      agencies or consortia of such agencies
                      implementing a youth PROMISE plan to reduce
                      exclusionary discipline, as described in section
                      4108(5)(F);
                          ``(ii) supporting local educational agencies
                      to--
                                    ``(I) implement mental health
                                awareness training programs that are
                                evidence-based (to the extent the State
                                determines that such evidence is
                                reasonably available) to provide
                                education to school personnel regarding
                                resources available in the community for
                                students with mental illnesses and other
                                relevant resources relating to mental
                                health or the safe de-escalation of
                                crisis situations involving a student
                                with a mental illness; or
                                    ``(II) expand access to or
                                coordinate resources for school-based
                                counseling and mental health programs, 
                                such as through school-based mental
                                health services partnership programs;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1973]]

                          ``(iii) providing local educational agencies
                      with resources that are evidence-based (to the
                      extent the State determines that such evidence is
                      reasonably available) addressing ways to integrate
                      health and safety practices into school or
                      athletic programs; and
                          ``(iv) disseminating best practices and
                      evaluating program outcomes relating to any local
                      educational agency activities to promote student
                      safety and violence prevention through effective
                      communication as described in section
                      4108(5)(C)(iv); and
                    ``(C) increase access to personalized, rigorous
                learning experiences supported by technology by--
                          ``(i) providing technical assistance to local
                      educational agencies to improve the ability of
                      local educational agencies to--
                                    ``(I) identify and address
                                technology readiness needs, including
                                the types of technology infrastructure
                                and access available to the students
                                served by the local educational agency, 
                                including computer devices, access to
                                school libraries, Internet connectivity, 
                                operating systems, software, related
                                network infrastructure, and data
                                security;
                                    ``(II) use technology, consistent
                                with the principles of universal design
                                for learning, to support the learning
                                needs of all students, including
                                children with disabilities and English
                                learners; and
                                    ``(III) build capacity for
                                principals, other school leaders, and
                                local educational agency administrators
                                to support teachers in using data and
                                technology to improve instruction and
                                personalize learning;
                          ``(ii) supporting schools in rural and remote
                      areas to expand access to high-quality digital
                      learning opportunities;
                          ``(iii) developing or using strategies that
                      are innovative or evidence-based (to the extent
                      the State determines that such evidence is
                      reasonably available) for the delivery of
                      specialized or rigorous academic courses and
                      curricula through the use of technology, including
                      digital learning technologies and assistive
                      technology, which may include increased access to
                      online dual or concurrent enrollment
                      opportunities, career and technical courses, and
                      programs leading to a recognized postsecondary
                      credential (as defined in section 3 of the
                      Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29
                      U.S.C. 3102));
                          ``(iv) disseminating promising practices
                      related to technology instruction, data security, 
                      and the acquisition and implementation of
                      technology tools and applications, including
                      through making such promising practices publicly
                      available on the website of the State educational
                      agency;
                          ``(v) providing teachers, paraprofessionals, 
                      school librarians and media personnel, specialized
                      instructional support personnel, and
                      administrators with the knowledge and skills to
                      use technology effectively, including effective
                      integration of technology, to improve

[[Page 129 STAT. 1974]]

                      instruction and student achievement, which may
                      include coordination with teacher, principal, and
                      other school leader preparation programs; and
                          ``(vi) making instructional content widely
                      available through open educational resources, 
                      which may include providing tools and processes to
                      support local educational agencies in making such
                      resources widely available.

    ``(c) Special Rule.--A State that receives a grant under this
subpart for fiscal year 2017 may use the amount made available to the
State and not reserved under paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a) 
for such fiscal year to cover part or all of the fees for accelerated
learning examinations taken by low-income students during the 2016-2017
school year, in accordance with subsection (b)(3)(A)(ii).
``SEC. 4105. <<NOTE: 20 USC 7115.>> ALLOCATIONS TO LOCAL
                          EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.

    ``(a) Allocations to Local Educational Agencies.--
            ``(1) In general.--From the funds reserved by a State under
        section 4104(a)(1), the State shall allocate to each local
        educational agency in the State that has an application approved
        by the State educational agency under section 4106 an amount
        that bears the same relationship to the total amount of such
        reservation as the amount the local educational agency received
        under subpart 2 of part A of title I for the preceding fiscal
        year bears to the total amount received by all local educational
        agencies in the State under such subpart for the preceding
        fiscal year.
            ``(2) Minimum local educational agency allocation.--No
        allocation to a local educational agency under this subsection
        may be made in an amount that is less than $10,000, subject to
        subsection (b).
            ``(3) Consortia.--Local educational agencies in a State may
        form a consortium with other surrounding local educational
        agencies and combine the funds each such agency in the
        consortium receives under this section to jointly carry out the
        local activities described in this subpart.

    ``(b) Ratable Reduction.--If the amount reserved by the State under
section 4104(a)(1) is insufficient to make allocations to local
educational agencies in an amount equal to the minimum allocation
described in subsection (a)(2), such allocations shall be ratably
reduced.
    ``(c) Administrative Costs.--Of the amount received under subsection
(a)(2), a local educational agency may reserve not more than 2 percent
for the direct administrative costs of carrying out the local
educational agency's responsibilities under this subpart.
``SEC. 4106. <<NOTE: 20 USC 7116.>> LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY
                          APPLICATIONS.

    ``(a) Eligibility.--To be eligible to receive an allocation under
section 4105(a), a local educational agency shall--
            ``(1) submit an application, which shall contain, at a
        minimum, the information described in subsection (e), to the
        State educational agency at such time, in such manner, and
        containing such information as the State educational agency may
        reasonably require; and
            ``(2) complete a needs assessment in accordance with
        subsection (d).

[[Page 129 STAT. 1975]]

    ``(b) Consortium.--If a local educational agency desires to carry
out the activities described in this subpart in consortium with one or
more surrounding local educational agencies as described in section
4105(a)(3), such local educational agencies shall submit a single
application as required under subsection (a).
    ``(c) Consultation.--
            ``(1) In general.--A local educational agency, or consortium
        of such agencies, shall develop its application through
        consultation with parents, teachers, principals, other school
        leaders, specialized instructional support personnel, students, 
        community-based organizations, local government representatives
        (which may include a local law enforcement agency, local
        juvenile court, local child welfare agency, or local public
        housing agency), Indian tribes or tribal organizations that may
        be located in the region served by the local educational agency
        (where applicable), charter school teachers, principals, and
        other school leaders (if such agency or consortium of such
        agencies supports charter schools), and others with relevant and
        demonstrated expertise in programs and activities designed to
        meet the purpose of this subpart.
            ``(2) Continued consultation.--The local educational agency, 
        or consortium of such agencies, shall engage in continued
        consultation with the entities described in paragraph (1) in
        order to improve the local activities in order to meet the
        purpose of this subpart and to coordinate such implementation
        with other related strategies, programs, and activities being
        conducted in the community.

    ``(d) Needs Assessment.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2) and
        prior to receiving an allocation under this subpart, a local
        educational agency or consortium of such agencies shall conduct
        a comprehensive needs assessment of the local educational agency
        or agencies proposed to be served under this subpart in order to
        examine needs for improvement of--
                    ``(A) access to, and opportunities for, a well-
                rounded education for all students;
                    ``(B) school conditions for student learning in
                order to create a healthy and safe school environment; 
                and
                    ``(C) access to personalized learning experiences
                supported by technology and professional development for
                the effective use of data and technology.
            ``(2) Exception.--A local educational agency receiving an
        allocation under section 4105(a) in an amount that is less than
        $30,000 shall not be required to conduct a comprehensive needs
        assessment under paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Frequency of needs assessment.--Each local educational
        agency, or consortium of local educational agencies, shall
        conduct the needs assessment described in paragraph (1) once
        every 3 years.

    ``(e) Contents of Local Application.--Each application submitted
under this section by a local educational agency, or a consortium of
such agencies, shall include the following:
            ``(1) Descriptions.--A description of the activities and
        programming that the local educational agency, or consortium of
        such agencies, will carry out under this subpart, including a
        description of--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1976]]

                    ``(A) any partnership with an institution of higher
                education, business, nonprofit organization, community-
                based organization, or other public or private entity
                with a demonstrated record of success in implementing
                activities under this subpart;
                    ``(B) if applicable, how funds will be used for
                activities related to supporting well-rounded education
                under section 4107;
                    ``(C) if applicable, how funds will be used for
                activities related to supporting safe and healthy
                students under section 4108;
                    ``(D) if applicable, how funds will be used for
                activities related to supporting the effective use of
                technology in schools under section 4109; and
                    ``(E) the program objectives and intended outcomes
                for activities under this subpart, and how the local
                educational agency, or consortium of such agencies, will
                periodically evaluate the effectiveness of the
                activities carried out under this section based on such
                objectives and outcomes.
            ``(2) Assurances.--Each application shall include assurances
        that the local educational agency, or consortium of such
        agencies, will--
                    ``(A) prioritize the distribution of funds to
                schools served by the local educational agency, or
                consortium of such agencies, that--
                          ``(i) are among the schools with the greatest
                      needs, as determined by such local educational
                      agency, or consortium;
                          ``(ii) have the highest percentages or numbers
                      of children counted under section 1124(c);
                          ``(iii) are identified for comprehensive
                      support and improvement under section
                      1111(c)(4)(D)(i);
                          ``(iv) are implementing targeted support and
                      improvement plans as described in section
                      1111(d)(2); or
                          ``(v) are identified as a persistently
                      dangerous public elementary school or secondary
                      school under section 8532;
                    ``(B) comply with section 8501 (regarding equitable
                participation by private school children and teachers);
                    ``(C) use not less than 20 percent of funds received
                under this subpart to support one or more of the
                activities authorized under section 4107;
                    ``(D) use not less than 20 percent of funds received
                under this subpart to support one or more activities
                authorized under section 4108;
                    ``(E) use a portion of funds received under this
                subpart to support one or more activities authorized
                under section 4109(a), including an assurance that the
                local educational agency, or consortium of local
                educational agencies, will comply with section 4109(b); 
                and
                    ``(F) annually report to the State for inclusion in
                the report described in section 4104(a)(2) how funds are
                being used under this subpart to meet the requirements
                of subparagraphs (C) through (E).

[[Page 129 STAT. 1977]]

    ``(f) Special Rule.--Any local educational agency receiving an
allocation under section 4105(a)(1) in an amount less than $30,000 shall
be required to provide only one of the assurances described in
subparagraphs (C), (D), and (E) of subsection (e)(2).
``SEC. 4107. <<NOTE: 20 USC 7117.>> ACTIVITIES TO SUPPORT WELL-
                          ROUNDED EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES.

    ``(a) In General.--Subject to section 4106(f), each local
educational agency, or consortium of such agencies, that receives an
allocation under section 4105(a) shall use a portion of such funds to
develop and implement programs and activities that support access to a
well-rounded education and that--
            ``(1) are coordinated with other schools and community-based
        services and programs;
            ``(2) may be conducted in partnership with an institution of
        higher education, business, nonprofit organization, community-
        based organization, or other public or private entity with a
        demonstrated record of success in implementing activities under
        this section; and
            ``(3) may include programs and activities, such as--
                    ``(A) college and career guidance and counseling
                programs, such as--
                          ``(i) postsecondary education and career
                      awareness and exploration activities;
                          ``(ii) training counselors to effectively use
                      labor market information in assisting students
                      with postsecondary education and career planning; 
                      and
                          ``(iii) financial literacy and Federal
                      financial aid awareness activities;
                    ``(B) programs and activities that use music and the
                arts as tools to support student success through the
                promotion of constructive student engagement, problem
                solving, and conflict resolution;
                    ``(C) programming and activities to improve
                instruction and student engagement in science, 
                technology, engineering, and mathematics, including
                computer science, (referred to in this section as `STEM
                subjects') such as--
                          ``(i) increasing access for students through
                      grade 12 who are members of groups
                      underrepresented in such subject fields, such as
                      female students, minority students, English
                      learners, children with disabilities, and
                      economically disadvantaged students, to high-
                      quality courses;
                          ``(ii) supporting the participation of low-
                      income students in nonprofit competitions related
                      to STEM subjects (such as robotics, science
                      research, invention, mathematics, computer
                      science, and technology competitions);
                          ``(iii) providing hands-on learning and
                      exposure to science, technology, engineering, and
                      mathematics and supporting the use of field-based
                      or service learning to enhance the students' 
                      understanding of the STEM subjects;
                          ``(iv) supporting the creation and enhancement
                      of STEM-focused specialty schools;
                          ``(v) facilitating collaboration among school, 
                      after-school program, and informal program
                      personnel to

[[Page 129 STAT. 1978]]

                      improve the integration of programming and
                      instruction in the identified subjects; and
                          ``(vi) integrating other academic subjects, 
                      including the arts, into STEM subject programs to
                      increase participation in STEM subjects, improve
                      attainment of skills related to STEM subjects, and
                      promote well-rounded education;
                    ``(D) efforts to raise student academic achievement
                through accelerated learning programs described in
                section 4104(b)(3)(A)(i)(IV), such as--
                          ``(i) reimbursing low-income students to cover
                      part or all of the costs of accelerated learning
                      examination fees, if the low-income students are
                      enrolled in accelerated learning courses and plan
                      to take accelerated learning examinations; or
                          ``(ii) increasing the availability of, and
                      enrollment in, accelerated learning courses, 
                      accelerated learning examinations, dual or
                      concurrent enrollment programs, and early college
                      high school courses;
                    ``(E) activities to promote the development, 
                implementation, and strengthening of programs to teach
                traditional American history, civics, economics, 
                geography, or government education;
                    ``(F) foreign language instruction;
                    ``(G) environmental education;
                    ``(H) programs and activities that promote
                volunteerism and community involvement;
                    ``(I) programs and activities that support
                educational programs that integrate multiple
                disciplines, such as programs that combine arts and
                mathematics; or
                    ``(J) other activities and programs to support
                student access to, and success in, a variety of well-
                rounded education experiences.

    ``(b) Special Rule.--A local educational agency, or consortium of
such agencies, that receives a subgrant under this subpart for fiscal
year 2017 may use such funds to cover part or all of the fees for
accelerated learning examinations taken by low-income students during
the 2016-2017 school year, in accordance with subsection (a)(3)(D).
``SEC. 4108. <<NOTE: 20 USC 7118.>> ACTIVITIES TO SUPPORT SAFE AND
                          HEALTHY STUDENTS.

    ``Subject to section 4106(f), each local educational agency, or
consortium of such agencies, that receives an allocation under section
4105(a) shall use a portion of such funds to develop, implement, and
evaluate comprehensive programs and activities that--
            ``(1) are coordinated with other schools and community-based
        services and programs;
            ``(2) foster safe, healthy, supportive, and drug-free
        environments that support student academic achievement;
            ``(3) promote the involvement of parents in the activity or
        program;
            ``(4) may be conducted in partnership with an institution of
        higher education, business, nonprofit organization, community-
        based organization, or other public or private entity with a
        demonstrated record of success in implementing activities
        described in this section; and
            ``(5) may include, among other programs and activities--

[[Page 129 STAT. 1979]]

                    ``(A) drug and violence prevention activities and
                programs that are evidence-based (to the extent the
                State, in consultation with local educational agencies
                in the State, determines that such evidence is
                reasonably available) including--
                          ``(i) programs to educate students against the
                      use of alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, smokeless
                      tobacco products, and electronic cigarettes; and
                          ``(ii) professional development and training
                      for school and specialized instructional support
                      personnel and interested community members in
                      prevention, education, early identification, 
                      intervention mentoring, recovery support services
                      and, where appropriate, rehabilitation referral, 
                      as related to drug and violence prevention;
                    ``(B) in accordance with sections 4001 and 4111--
                          ``(i) school-based mental health services, 
                      including early identification of mental health
                      symptoms, drug use, and violence, and appropriate
                      referrals to direct individual or group counseling
                      services, which may be provided by school-based
                      mental health services providers; and
                          ``(ii) school-based mental health services
                      partnership programs that--
                                    ``(I) are conducted in partnership
                                with a public or private mental health
                                entity or health care entity; and
                                    ``(II) provide comprehensive school-
                                based mental health services and
                                supports and staff development for
                                school and community personnel working
                                in the school that are--
                                            ``(aa) based on trauma-
                                        informed practices that are
                                        evidence-based (to the extent
                                        the State, in consultation with
                                        local educational agencies in
                                        the State, determines that such
                                        evidence is reasonably
                                        available);
                                            ``(bb) coordinated (where
                                        appropriate) with early
                                        intervening services provided
                                        under the Individuals with
                                        Disabilities Education Act (20
                                        U.S.C. 1400 et seq.); and
                                            ``(cc) provided by qualified
                                        mental and behavioral health
                                        professionals who are certified
                                        or licensed by the State
                                        involved and practicing within
                                        their area of expertise;
                    ``(C) programs or activities that--
                          ``(i) integrate health and safety practices
                      into school or athletic programs;
                          ``(ii) support a healthy, active lifestyle, 
                      including nutritional education and regular, 
                      structured physical education activities and
                      programs, that may address chronic disease
                      management with instruction led by school nurses, 
                      nurse practitioners, or other appropriate
                      specialists or professionals to help maintain the
                      well-being of students;
                          ``(iii) help prevent bullying and harassment;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1980]]

                          ``(iv) improve instructional practices for
                      developing relationship-building skills, such as
                      effective communication, and improve safety
                      through the recognition and prevention of
                      coercion, violence, or abuse, including teen and
                      dating violence, stalking, domestic abuse, and
                      sexual violence and harassment;
                          ``(v) provide mentoring and school counseling
                      to all students, including children who are at
                      risk of academic failure, dropping out of school, 
                      involvement in criminal or delinquent activities, 
                      or drug use and abuse;
                          ``(vi) establish or improve school dropout and
                      re-entry programs; or
                          ``(vii) establish learning environments and
                      enhance students' effective learning skills that
                      are essential for school readiness and academic
                      success, such as by providing integrated systems
                      of student and family supports;
                    ``(D) high-quality training for school personnel, 
                including specialized instructional support personnel, 
                related to--
                          ``(i) suicide prevention;
                          ``(ii) effective and trauma-informed practices
                      in classroom management;
                          ``(iii) crisis management and conflict
                      resolution techniques;
                          ``(iv) human trafficking (defined, for
                      purposes of this subparagraph, as an act or
                      practice described in paragraph (9) or (10) of
                      section 103 of the Trafficking Victims Protection
                      Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102));
                          ``(v) school-based violence prevention
                      strategies;
                          ``(vi) drug abuse prevention, including
                      educating children facing substance abuse at home; 
                      and
                          ``(vii) bullying and harassment prevention;
                    ``(E) in accordance with sections 4001 and 4111, 
                child sexual abuse awareness and prevention programs or
                activities, such as programs or activities designed to
                provide--
                          ``(i) age-appropriate and developmentally-
                      appropriate instruction for students in child
                      sexual abuse awareness and prevention, including
                      how to recognize child sexual abuse and how to
                      safely report child sexual abuse; and
                          ``(ii) information to parents and guardians of
                      students about child sexual abuse awareness and
                      prevention, including how to recognize child
                      sexual abuse and how to discuss child sexual abuse
                      with a child;
                    ``(F) designing and implementing a locally-tailored
                plan to reduce exclusionary discipline practices in
                elementary and secondary schools that--
                          ``(i) is consistent with best practices;
                          ``(ii) includes strategies that are evidence-
                      based (to the extent the State, in consultation
                      with local educational agencies in the State, 
                      determines that such evidence is reasonably
                      available); and

[[Page 129 STAT. 1981]]

                          ``(iii) is aligned with the long-term goal of
                      prison reduction through opportunities, mentoring, 
                      intervention, support, and other education
                      services, referred to as a `youth PROMISE plan'; 
                      or
                    ``(G) implementation of schoolwide positive
                behavioral interventions and supports, including through
                coordination with similar activities carried out under
                the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20
                U.S.C. 1400 et seq.), in order to improve academic
                outcomes and school conditions for student learning;
                    ``(H) designating a site resource coordinator at a
                school or local educational agency to provide a variety
                of services, such as--
                          ``(i) establishing partnerships within the
                      community to provide resources and support for
                      schools;
                          ``(ii) ensuring that all service and community
                      partners are aligned with the academic
                      expectations of a community school in order to
                      improve student success; and
                          ``(iii) strengthening relationships between
                      schools and communities; or
                    ``(I) pay for success initiatives aligned with the
                purposes of this section.

 


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