Section Summary





``(a) Program Authorized.--

``(1) In general.--From funds reserved under section

4601(b)(2)(A), the Secretary shall make grants to eligible

entities to enable the eligible entities to--

``(A) create, develop, implement, replicate, or take

to scale entrepreneurial, evidence-based, field-

initiated innovations to improve student achievement and

attainment for high-need students; and

``(B) rigorously evaluate such innovations, in

accordance with subsection (e).

``(2) Description of grants.--The grants described in

paragraph (1) shall include--

``(A) early-phase grants to fund the development,

implementation, and feasibility testing of a program,

which prior research suggests has promise, for the

purpose of determining whether the program can

successfully improve student achievement or attainment

for high-need students;

``(B) mid-phase grants to fund implementation and a

rigorous evaluation of a program that has been

successfully implemented under an early-phase grant

described in subparagraph (A) or other effort meeting

similar criteria, for the purpose of measuring the

program's impact and cost effectiveness, if possible

using existing administrative data; and

``(C) expansion grants to fund implementation and a

rigorous replication evaluation of a program that has

been found to produce sizable, important impacts under a

mid-phase grant described in subparagraph (B) or other

effort meeting similar criteria, for the purposes of--

``(i) determining whether such impacts can be

successfully reproduced and sustained over time;


``(ii) identifying the conditions in which the

program is most effective.

``(b) Eligible Entity.--In this subpart, the term `eligible entity'

means any of the following:

``(1) A local educational agency.

``(2) A State educational agency.

``(3) The Bureau of Indian Education.

``(4) A consortium of State educational agencies or local

educational agencies.

``(5) A nonprofit organization.

``(6) A State educational agency, a local educational

agency, a consortium described in paragraph (4), or the Bureau

of Indian Education, in partnership with--

``(A) a nonprofit organization;

``(B) a business;

``(C) an educational service agency; or

``(D) an institution of higher education.

``(c) Rural Areas.--

``(1) In general.--In awarding grants under subsection (a),

the Secretary shall ensure that not less than 25 percent of the

funds made available for any fiscal year are awarded for

programs that meet both of the following requirements:

``(A) The grantee is--

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``(i) a local educational agency with an

urban-centric district locale code of 32, 33, 41,

42, or 43, as determined by the Secretary;

``(ii) a consortium of such local educational


``(iii) an educational service agency or a

nonprofit organization in partnership with such a

local educational agency; or

``(iv) a grantee described in clause (i) or

(ii) in partnership with a State educational


``(B) A majority of the schools to be served by the

program are designated with a locale code of 32, 33, 41,

42, or 43, or a combination of such codes, as determined

by the Secretary.

``(2) Exception.--Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the

Secretary shall reduce the amount of funds made available under

such paragraph if the Secretary does not receive a sufficient

number of applications of sufficient quality.

``(d) Matching Funds.--In order to receive a grant under subsection

(a), an eligible entity shall demonstrate that the eligible entity will

provide matching funds, in cash or through in-kind contributions, from

Federal, State, local, or private sources in an amount equal to 10

percent of the funds provided under such grant, except that the

Secretary may waive the matching funds requirement, on a case-by-case

basis, upon a showing of exceptional circumstances, such as--

``(1) the difficulty of raising matching funds for a program

to serve a rural area;

``(2) the difficulty of raising matching funds in areas with

a concentration of local educational agencies or schools with a

high percentage of students aged 5 through 17--

``(A) who are in poverty, as counted in the most

recent census data approved by the Secretary;

``(B) who are eligible for a free or reduced price

lunch under the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch

Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.);

``(C) whose families receive assistance under the

State program funded under part A of title IV of the

Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.); or

``(D) who are eligible to receive medical assistance

under the Medicaid program; and

``(3) the difficulty of raising funds on tribal land.

``(e) Evaluation.--Each recipient of a grant under this section

shall conduct an independent evaluation of the effectiveness of the

program carried out under such grant.

``(f) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary may reserve not more than

5 percent of the funds appropriated under section 4601(b)(2)(A) for each

fiscal year to--

``(1) provide technical assistance for eligibility entities,

which may include pre-application workshops, web-based seminars,

and evaluation support; and

``(2) to disseminate best practices.

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``Subpart 2--Community Support for School Success


Previously not included in NCLB.