SEC. 1011/SEC. 1117

PARTICIPATION OF CHILDREN ENROLLED IN PRIVATE SCHOOLS

 

 

Section Summary

 


ESSA Update

SEC. 1011. PARTICIPATION OF CHILDREN ENROLLED IN PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

    Section 1117, as redesignated by section 1000(3), <<NOTE: 20 USC
6320.>> is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the
                following:

[[Page 129 STAT. 1872]]

            ``(1) In general.--To the extent consistent with the number
        of eligible children identified under section 1115(c) in the
        school district served by a local educational agency who are
        enrolled in private elementary schools and secondary schools, a
        local educational agency shall--
                    ``(A) after timely and meaningful consultation with
                appropriate private school officials, provide such
                children, on an equitable basis and individually or in
                combination, as requested by the officials to best meet
                the needs of such children, special educational
                services, instructional services (including evaluations
                to determine the progress being made in meeting such
                students' academic needs), counseling, mentoring, one-
                on-one tutoring, or other benefits under this part (such
                as dual or concurrent enrollment, educational radio and
                television, computer equipment and materials, other
                technology, and mobile educational services and
                equipment) that address their needs; and
                    ``(B) ensure that teachers and families of the
                children participate, on an equitable basis, in services
                and activities developed pursuant to section 1116.'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the
                following:
            ``(3) Equity.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Educational services and other
                benefits for such private school children shall be
                equitable in comparison to services and other benefits
                for public school children participating under this
                part, and shall be provided in a timely manner.
                    ``(B) Ombudsman.--To help ensure such equity for
                such private school children, teachers, and other
                educational personnel, the State educational agency
                involved shall designate an ombudsman to monitor and
                enforce the requirements of this part.'';
                    (C) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the
                following:
            ``(4) Expenditures.--
                    ``(A) Determination.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Expenditures for
                      educational services and other benefits to
                      eligible private school children shall be equal to
                      the proportion of funds allocated to participating
                      school attendance areas based on the number of
                      children from low-income families who attend
                      private schools.
                          ``(ii) Proportional share.--The proportional
                      share of funds shall be determined based on the
                      total amount of funds received by the local
                      educational agency under this part prior to any
                      allowable expenditures or transfers by the local
                      educational agency.
                    ``(B) Obligation of funds.--Funds allocated to a
                local educational agency for educational services and
                other benefits to eligible private school children shall
                be obligated in the fiscal year for which the funds are
                received by the agency.
                    ``(C) Notice of allocation.--Each State educational
                agency shall provide notice in a timely manner to the
                appropriate private school officials in the State of the

[[Page 129 STAT. 1873]]

                allocation of funds for educational services and other
                benefits under this part that the local educational
                agencies have determined are available for eligible
                private school children.
                    ``(D) Term of determination.--The local educational
                agency may determine the equitable share under
                subparagraph (A) each year or every 2 years.''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (5), by striking ``agency'' and
                inserting ``agency, or, in a case described in
                subsection (b)(6)(C), the State educational agency
                involved,'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
                      by striking ``part,'' and inserting ``part. Such
                      agency and private school officials shall both
                      have the goal of reaching agreement on how to
                      provide equitable and effective programs for
                      eligible private school children, the results of
                      which agreement shall be transmitted to the
                      ombudsman designated under subsection (a)(3)(B). 
                      Such process shall include consultation'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (E)--
                                    (I) by striking ``and'' before ``the
                                proportion of funds'';
                                    (II) by striking ``(a)(4)'' and
                                inserting ``(a)(4)(A)'' ; and
                                    (III) by inserting ``, and how that
                                proportion of funds is determined'' 
                                after ``such services'';
                          (iii) in subparagraph (G), by striking ``and'' 
                      after the semicolon;
                          (iv) in subparagraph (H), by striking the
                      period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and
                          (v) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(I) whether the agency shall provide services
                directly or through a separate government agency, 
                consortium, entity, or third-party contractor;
                    ``(J) whether to provide equitable services to
                eligible private school children--
                          ``(i) by creating a pool or pools of funds
                      with all of the funds allocated under subsection
                      (a)(4)(A) based on all the children from low-
                      income families in a participating school
                      attendance area who attend private schools; or
                          ``(ii) in the agency's participating school
                      attendance area who attend private schools with
                      the proportion of funds allocated under subsection
                      (a)(4)(A) based on the number of children from
                      low-income families who attend private schools;
                    ``(K) when, including the approximate time of day, 
                services will be provided; and
                    ``(L) whether to consolidate and use funds provided
                under subsection (a)(4) in coordination with eligible
                funds available for services to private school children
                under applicable programs, as defined in section
                8501(b)(1)to provide services to eligible private school
                children participating in programs.'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (5) as
                paragraphs (3) through (6), respectively;

[[Page 129 STAT. 1874]]

                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
            ``(2) Disagreement.--If a local educational agency disagrees
        with the views of private school officials with respect to an
        issue described in paragraph (1), the local educational agency
        shall provide in writing to such private school officials the
        reasons why the local educational agency disagrees.'';
                    (D) in paragraph (5) (as redesignated by
                subparagraph (B))--
                          (i) by inserting ``meaningful'' before
                      ``consultation'' in the first sentence;
                          (ii) by inserting ``The written affirmation
                      shall provide the option for private school
                      officials to indicate such officials' belief that
                      timely and meaningful consultation has not
                      occurred or that the program design is not
                      equitable with respect to eligible private school
                      children.'' after ``occurred.''; and
                          (iii) by striking ``has taken place'' and
                      inserting ``has, or attempts at such consultation
                      have, taken place''; and
                    (E) in paragraph (6) (as redesignated by
                subparagraph (B))--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``right to complain
                                to'' and inserting ``right to file a
                                complaint with'';
                                    (II) by inserting ``asserting'' 
                                after ``State educational agency'';
                                    (III) by striking ``or'' before
                                ``did not give due consideration''; and
                                    (IV) by inserting ``, or did not
                                make a decision that treats the private
                                school students equitably as required by
                                this section'' before the period at the
                                end;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``to
                      complain,'' and inserting ``to file a
                      complaint,''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) State educational agencies.--A State
                educational agency shall provide services under this
                section directly or through contracts with public or
                private agencies, organizations, or institutions, if the
                appropriate private school officials have--
                          ``(i) requested that the State educational
                      agency provide such services directly; and
                          ``(ii) demonstrated that the local educational
                      agency involved has not met the requirements of
                      this section in accordance with the procedures for
                      making such a request, as prescribed by the State
                      educational agency.'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(2), by striking ``section 9505'' and
        inserting ``section 8503''; and
            (4) in subsection (e)(2), by striking ``sections 9503 and
        9504'' and inserting ``sections 8503 and 8504''.


NCLB Text

`

``SEC. 1117. <<NOTE: 20 USC 6317.>>  SCHOOL SUPPORT AND RECOGNITION.

    ``(a) System for Support.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State shall establish a statewide
        system of intensive and sustained support and improvement for
        local educational agencies and schools receiving funds under
        this part, in order to increase the opportunity for all students
        served by those agencies and schools to meet the State's
        academic content standards and student academic achievement
        standards.
            ``(2) Priorities.--In carrying out this subsection, a State
        shall--
                    ``(A) first, provide support and assistance to local
                educational agencies with schools subject to corrective
                action under section 1116 and assist those schools, in
                accordance with section 1116(b)(11), for which a local
                educational agency has failed to carry out its
                responsibilities under paragraphs (7) and (8) of section
                1116(b);
                    ``(B) second, provide support and assistance to
                other local educational agencies with schools identified
                as in need of improvement under section 1116(b); and
                    ``(C) third, provide support and assistance to other
                local educational agencies and schools participating
                under this part that need that support and assistance in
                order to achieve the purpose of this part.
            ``(3) Regional centers.--Such a statewide system shall, to
        the extent practicable, work with and receive support and
        assistance from the comprehensive regional technical assistance
        centers and the regional educational laboratories under section
        941(h) of the Educational Research, Development, Dissemination, 
        and Improvement Act of 1994, or other providers of technical
        assistance.
            ``(4) Statewide system.--
                    ``(A) In order to achieve the purpose described in
                paragraph (1), the statewide system shall include, at a
                minimum, the following approaches:
                          ``(i) Establishing school support teams in
                      accordance with subparagraph (C) for assignment
                      to, and working in, schools in the State that are
                      described in paragraph (2).
                          ``(ii) Providing such support as the State
                      educational agency determines necessary and
                      available in order to ensure the effectiveness of
                      such teams.
                          ``(iii) Designating and using distinguished
                      teachers and principals who are chosen from
                      schools served under this part that have been
                      especially successful in improving academic
                      achievement.
                          ``(iv) Devising additional approaches to
                      providing the assistance described in paragraph
                      (1), such as providing assistance through
                      institutions of higher education and educational
                      service agencies or other local consortia, and
                      private providers of scientifically based
                      technical assistance.

[[Page 115 STAT. 1499]]

                    ``(B) Priority.--The State educational agency shall
                give priority to the approach described in clause (i) of
                subparagraph (A).
            ``(5) School support teams.--
                    ``(A) Composition.--Each school support team
                established under this section shall be composed of
                persons knowledgeable about scientifically based
                research and practice on teaching and learning and about
                successful schoolwide projects, school reform, and
                improving educational opportunities for low-achieving
                students, including--
                          ``(i) highly qualified or distinguished
                      teachers and principals;
                          ``(ii) pupil services personnel;
                          ``(iii) parents;
                          ``(iv) representatives of institutions of
                      higher education;
                          ``(v) representatives of regional educational
                      laboratories or comprehensive regional technical
                      assistance centers;
                          ``(vi) representatives of outside consultant
                      groups; or
                          ``(vii) other individuals as the State
                      educational agency, in consultation with the local
                      educational agency, may determine appropriate.
                    ``(B) Functions.--Each school support team assigned
                to a school under this section shall--
                          ``(i) review and analyze all facets of the
                      school's operation, including the design and
                      operation of the instructional program, and assist
                      the school in developing recommendations for
                      improving student performance in that school;
                          ``(ii) collaborate with parents and school
                      staff and the local educational agency serving the
                      school in the design, implementation, and
                      monitoring of a plan that, if fully implemented, 
                      can reasonably be expected to improve student
                      performance and help the school meet its goals for
                      improvement, including adequate yearly progress
                      under section 1111(b)(2)(B);
                          ``(iii) evaluate, at least semiannually, the
                      effectiveness of school personnel assigned to the
                      school, including identifying outstanding teachers
                      and principals, and make findings and
                      recommendations to the school, the local
                      educational agency, and, where appropriate, the
                      State educational agency; and
                          ``(iv) make additional recommendations as the
                      school implements the plan described in clause
                      (ii) to the local educational agency and the State
                      educational agency concerning additional
                      assistance that is needed by the school or the
                      school support team.
                    ``(C) Continuation of assistance.--After one school
                year, from the beginning of the activities, such school
                support team, in consultation with the local educational
                agency, may recommend that the school support team
                continue to provide assistance to the school, or that
                the local educational agency or the State educational
                agency, as

[[Page 115 STAT. 1500]]

                appropriate, take alternative actions with regard to the
                school.

    ``(b) State Recognition.--
            ``(1) Academic achievement awards program.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State receiving a grant
                under this part--
                          ``(i) shall establish a program for making
                      academic achievement awards to recognize schools
                      that meet the criteria described in subparagraph
                      (B); and
                          ``(ii) as appropriate and as funds are
                      available under subsection (c)(2)(A), may
                      financially reward schools served under this part
                      that meet the criteria described in clause (ii).
                    ``(B) Criteria.--The criteria referred to in
                subparagraph (A) are that a school--
                          ``(i) significantly closed the achievement gap
                      between the groups of students described in
                      section 1111(b)(2); or
                          ``(ii) exceeded their adequate yearly
                      progress, consistent with section 1111(b)(2), for
                      2 or more consecutive years.
            ``(2) Distinguished schools.--Of those schools meeting the
        criteria described in paragraph (2), each State shall designate
        as distinguished schools those schools that have made the
        greatest gains in closing the achievement gap as described in
        subparagraph (B)(i) or exceeding adequate yearly progress as
        described in subparagraph (B)(ii). Such distinguished schools
        may serve as models for and provide support to other schools, 
        especially schools identified for improvement under section
        1116, to assist such schools in meeting the State's academic
        content standards and student academic achievement standards.
            ``(3) Awards to teachers.--A State program under paragraph
        (1) may also recognize and provide financial awards to teachers
        teaching in a school described in such paragraph that
        consistently makes significant gains in academic achievement in
        the areas in which the teacher provides instruction, or to
        teachers or principals designated as distinguished under
        subsection (a)(4)(A)(iii).

    ``(c) Funding.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State--
                    ``(A) shall use funds reserved under section 1003(a) 
                and may use funds made available under section 1003(g) 
                for the approaches described under subsection (a)(4)(A); 
                and
                    ``(B) shall use State administrative funds
                authorized under section 1004(a) to establish the
                statewide system of support described under subsection
                (a).
            ``(2) Reservations of funds by state.--
                    ``(A) Awards program.--For the purpose of carrying
                out subsection (b)(1), each State receiving a grant
                under this part may reserve, from the amount (if any) by
                which the funds received by the State under subpart 2
                for a fiscal year exceed the amount received by the
                State under that subpart for the preceding fiscal year, 
                not more than 5 percent of such excess amount.

[[Page 115 STAT. 1501]]

                    ``(B) Teacher awards.--For the purpose of carrying
                out subsection (b)(3), a State educational agency may
                reserve such funds as necessary from funds made
                available under section 2113.
            ``(3) Use within 3 years.--Notwithstanding any other
        provision of law, the amount reserved under subparagraph (A) by
        a State for each fiscal year shall remain available to the State
        until expended for a period not exceeding 3 years receipt of
        funds.
            ``(4) Special allocation rule for schools in high-poverty
        areas.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State shall distribute not
                less than 75 percent of any amount reserved under
                paragraph (2)(A) for each fiscal year to schools
                described in subparagraph (B), or to teachers in those
                schools consistent with subsection (b)(3).
                    ``(B) School described.--A school described in
                subparagraph (A) is a school whose student population is
                in the highest quartile of schools statewide in terms of
                the percentage of children from low income families.